Cubism dates back to the early twentieth century. It started at a time when artists felt like the illusion of space and mass was becoming less and less important. Cubism came about as a revitalisation of Western Art therefore it being a huge influence to the style. Cubists challenged traditional art with its use of the main subject being reduced and fractured into geometric forms, the work having a relief like space, the rejection of the art copying nature and not adopting the traditional techniques of perspective. The style concentrates on form even though the main subject of matter could sometimes hardly be recognizable, different viewpoints, overlapping planes and invokes the viewers to be actively involved. Usually only a narrow range of colours are used.
Pablo Picasso and George Braque were the main influences to the creation of this style. Some of Picasso’s work was influenced by African masks as they had expressive style and his work was usually distorted and stylized. Braque usually painted landscapes which displayed geometric forms, the term Cubism came from critic on his work. The two artists frequently worked with each other especially during 1910-12. Their work usually consisted of different hues of browns, blacks and grey. Their main motifs for their work were still lifes with musical instruments, bottles, pitchers, glasses, newspapers, playing cards, and the human face and figure. They rarely did Landscapes. In time new techniques came about which was the use of paper collage which involved pasting pieces of coloured paper or pieces of printed paper onto their compositions and including lettering to their work.
George Braque and Pablo Picasso. [image online] Available at: http://www.buro247.com/me/culture/arts/cahiers-d-art-republishes-pablo-picasso.html [Accessed 03 Jan 2015].
Cubism influenced many future Cubist artists including Marcel Duchamp, twentieth-century sculpture and architecture, literature and future art styles that included Dada, Surrealism, Orphism, Abstract Art, Purism, Futurism, Suprematism, Constructivism and De Stijl.
Marcel Duchamp, 1911-12. Sad Young Man on a Train. [image online] Available at: http://www.guggenheim.org/new-york/collections/collection-online/artwork/1179 [Accessed 03 Jan 2015].
In my work I was inspired by Cubism. This is shown through the use of a narrow range of colours, in which I also created balance as I used both warm and cold hues. The colours also define the form of the shape which gives the viewer more recognition of what the object could be through the outline. The lines in the shape are defined by the unblended colours. The shapes in the object are geometrical and don’t copy the ways of the natural way these objects are usually seen but go against that vision. The object is rocks balanced on each other, vaguely one can see them but their quite unrecognizable which is a norm in cubist work.
The Metropolitan Museum of Art. Cubism. [online] Available at: http://www.metmuseum.org/toah/hd/cube/hd_cube.htm [Accessed 03 Jan 2015].
Arty Factory. Cubism. [online] Available at: http://www.artyfactory.com/art_appreciation/art_movements/cubism.htm [Accessed 03 Jan 2015].