Hydroxymethyl Pyrone Crystallites

Also known as kojic acid, hydroxymethyl pyrone is widely used in the medical field as a pain killer, and an anti-inflammatory drug. It has dermatologic applications, used as a protective agent against UV light, and to lighten pigment spots and discolorations on the skin by inhibiting the formation of pigment. In the food industry, this antioxidant is also used as a precursor of flavor enhancers and to inhibit discoloration in agricultural products (by inhibiting polyphenol oxidase).

Glutaric Acid Crystallites

One of the dicarboxylic acids, glutaric acid is a by-product of amino acid metabolism. In humans, a devastating genetic disorder called Glutaric Aciduria interferes with the ability to properly digest protein resulting in the build-up of glutaric acid in the bloodstream. Left undiagnosed and untreated, this condition can damage two nerve clusters in the brain involved in controlling posture and movement, causing serious and permanent disability.

Research team aims to improve plant-based battery with neutrons, simulation

(Phys.org) —When Orlando Rios first started analyzing samples of carbon fibers made from a woody plant polymer known as lignin, he noticed something unusual. The material’s microstructure—a mixture of perfectly spherical nanoscale crystallites distributed within a fibrous matrix—looked almost too good to be true.

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TEXTURE : a material’s individual crystallites sharing some degree of orientation…

….the feel of a canvas based on the material used and the method of application

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Vitamin C Crystallites

Ascorbic acid, also known by the chemical name L-ascorbic acid, is a water-soluble vitamin that functions as a powerful antioxidant. Although most animals can synthesize vitamin C, others — such as including humans and other primates and guinea pigs — obtain it only through their diets. Vitamin C is commonly found naturally in peppers, citrus fruits, tomatoes, melons, broccoli, and green leafy vegetables such as spinach, turnip, and mustard greens.

Ephedrine Crystallites

Ephedrine is a member of the adrenergic bronchodilator class of drugs that serve to open up the bronchial tubes of the lungs. Since the 1920s, synthetic versions of this drug have been used as a bronchodilator and nasal decongestant, and for controlling urinary incontinence. Although ephedrine is too slow acting to treat acute allergic attacks, it replaces epinephrine in nonemergency treatment of allergic reactions.