Hydroxymethyl Pyrone Crystallites

Also known as kojic acid, hydroxymethyl pyrone is widely used in the medical field as a pain killer, and an anti-inflammatory drug. It has dermatologic applications, used as a protective agent against UV light, and to lighten pigment spots and discolorations on the skin by inhibiting the formation of pigment. In the food industry, this antioxidant is also used as a precursor of flavor enhancers and to inhibit discoloration in agricultural products (by inhibiting polyphenol oxidase).

Glutaric Acid Crystallites

One of the dicarboxylic acids, glutaric acid is a by-product of amino acid metabolism. In humans, a devastating genetic disorder called Glutaric Aciduria interferes with the ability to properly digest protein resulting in the build-up of glutaric acid in the bloodstream. Left undiagnosed and untreated, this condition can damage two nerve clusters in the brain involved in controlling posture and movement, causing serious and permanent disability.

Posts About Health 10/18/14

Diagnosing Malaria. Malaria infects an estimated 207 million people worldwide. Reliable detection before symptoms appear, when treatment would be more successful, has been very difficult. Now, scientists have successfully tested a shoebox-sized magnetic-sensing device that permits early detection of malaria in mice. Malaria parasites in the bloodstream gorge on the iron-containing hemoglobin in red blood cells and convert it to tiny crystallites called hemozoin. Hemozoin boosts the natural magnetism of the blood cells, allowing the test device to detect the presence of malaria parasites before symptoms appear.

Cartilage Replacement. The loss of cartilage that coats the ends of bones leads to crippling osteoarthritis. Attempts to replace or restore lost cartilage has been an elusive goal. The trick is to get cartilage-making cells called chondrocytes to grow replacement patches. Researchers have discovered that implanting cartilage-making cells from their nose tissue into the knees of goats succeeded in regrowing cartilage so well that a small group of human volunteers with knee injuries have undergone the treatment with their own nasal cartilage. While full results are not yet available, the patients reportedly are doing extremely well.

Can the Sodas. Scientists studying have found that daily drinking of soft drinks might age you as much as smoking. Ample research has shown that having shorter telomeres, tips of DNA stings that cap the ends of chromosomes, correlate with aging. Drinking an 8-ounce sugary soda daily corresponded to 1.9 additional years of aging. Drinking 20 ounces of such sodas daily corresponded to 4.6 additional years of aging, about the same amount of aging as smoking causes. Drinking diet sodas did not seem to have the same adverse effect, but the science is incomplete and ongoing.

Vitamin C Crystallites

Ascorbic acid, also known by the chemical name L-ascorbic acid, is a water-soluble vitamin that functions as a powerful antioxidant. Although most animals can synthesize vitamin C, others — such as including humans and other primates and guinea pigs — obtain it only through their diets. Vitamin C is commonly found naturally in peppers, citrus fruits, tomatoes, melons, broccoli, and green leafy vegetables such as spinach, turnip, and mustard greens.

Ephedrine Crystallites

Ephedrine is a member of the adrenergic bronchodilator class of drugs that serve to open up the bronchial tubes of the lungs. Since the 1920s, synthetic versions of this drug have been used as a bronchodilator and nasal decongestant, and for controlling urinary incontinence. Although ephedrine is too slow acting to treat acute allergic attacks, it replaces epinephrine in nonemergency treatment of allergic reactions.