How long until it’s gone?

  • Line fishing (including hook): 600 years 
  • Plastic bottle: 450 years 
  • Common Lata: 50 years 
  • Aluminum can: 200 years 
  • Plastic unite in six pack cans: 400 Years 
  • Biodegradable plastic, to unite in six pack cans: 6 months 
  • Plywood: 1 to 3 years 
  • Cigarette butts: 1 to 5 years 
  • Diapers: 450 years 
  • Carton: 2 months 
  • Plastic Bag: 10 to 20 years 
  • Embaces tetra pack (carton): 3 months 
  • Newsprint: 6 weeks 
  • Socks: 1 to 5 years 
  • Styrofoam cup: 50 years 
  • Glass bottle: Permanent (up over 1,000 years) 
  • Cotton shirt: from 2 to 5 months 

We should take more seriously the task of protecting our oceans, then by the selfishness of some to throw tons of garbage at sea. Human as well as plants and animals left injured.

Two years ago today, more than a million gallons of tar sands oil poured into the Kalamazoo River. The tar sands pipeline operated by Enbridge Inc. contaminated nearly 40 miles of the watershed, making it the largest & most expensive spill in the Midwest. 

It is still being cleaned up today. 

“My family was directly impacted by the spill. The toxic fumes gave us rashes, nausea and headaches. By taking a stand against tar sands we are fighting for people’s rights and health. Our River will never fully recover, but we can educate the country about the dangers of tar sands and the disastrous impact this type of spill can have so the same thing doesn’t happen to you.” -Susan Connolly, who lives by the river. 

THE TOXINS THAT THREATEN OUR BRAINS

Leading scientists recently identified a dozen chemicals as being responsible for widespread behavioral and cognitive problems. But the scope of the chemical dangers in our environment is likely even greater. Why children and the poor are most susceptible to neurotoxic exposure that may be costing the U.S. billions of dollars and immeasurable peace of mind.

By  James Hamblin  //  The Atlantic  //  March 18, 2014

Forty-one million IQ points. That’s what Dr. David Bellinger determined [in 2012] Americans have collectively forfeited as a result of exposure to lead, mercury, and organophosphate pesticides. …

Last month, more research brought concerns about chemical exposure and brain health to a heightened pitch. Philippe Grandjean, Bellinger’s Harvard colleague, and Philip Landrigan, dean for global health at Mount Sinai School of Medicine in Manhattan, announced to some controversy in the pages of a prestigious medical journal that a “silent pandemic” of toxins has been damaging the brains of unborn children. The experts named 12 chemicals—substances found in both the environment and everyday items like furniture and clothing—that they believed to be causing not just lower IQs but ADHD and autism spectrum disorder. Pesticides were among the toxins they identified.

Continue reading in The Atlantic

Deep Water Horizon cleanup efforts made Gulf 52 times more toxic
December 4, 2012

If the 4.9 million barrels of oil that spilled into the Gulf of Mexico during the 2010 Deep Water Horizon spill was a ecological disaster, the two million gallons of dispersant used to clean it up apparently made it even worse – 52-times more toxic. That’s according to new research from the Georgia Institute of Technology and Universidad Autonoma de Aguascalientes (UAA), Mexico.

The study found that mixing the dispersant with oil increased toxicity of the mixture up to 52-fold over the oil alone. In toxicity tests in the lab, the mixture’s effects increased mortality of rotifers, a microscopic grazing animal at the base of the Gulf’s food web. The findings are published online by the journal Environmental Pollution and will appear in the February 2013 print edition.

Using oil from the Deep Water Horizon spill and Corexit, the dispersant required by the Environmental Protection Agency for clean up, the researchers tested toxicity of oil, dispersant and mixtures on five strains of rotifers. Rotifers have long been used by ecotoxicologists to assess toxicity in marine waters because of their fast response time, ease of use in tests and sensitivity to toxicants. In addition to causing mortality in adult rotifers, as little as 2.6 percent of the oil-dispersant mixture inhibited rotifer egg hatching by 50 percent.  Inhibition of rotifer egg hatching from the sediments is important because these eggs hatch into rotifers each spring, reproduce in the water column, and provide food for baby fish, shrimp and crabs in estuaries.

“Dispersants are preapproved to help clean up oil spills and are widely used during disasters,” says UAA’s Roberto-Rico Martinez, who led the study. “But we have a poor understanding of their toxicity. Our study indicates the increase in toxicity may have been greatly underestimated following the Macondo well explosion.”

Martinez performed the research while he was a Fulbright Fellow at Georgia Tech in the lab of School of Biology Professor Terry Snell. They hope that the study will encourage more scientists to investigate how oil and dispersants impact marine food webs and lead to improved management of future oil spills.

“What remains to be determined is whether the benefits of dispersing the oil by using Corexit are outweighed by the substantial increase in toxicity of the mixture,” says Snell, chair of the School of Biology. “Perhaps we should allow the oil to naturally disperse. It might take longer, but it would have less toxic impact on marine ecosystems.

Source

So when you see those BP commercials that talk about how much money it has spent on cleanup, think about this.

Te compartimos esta interesante expresión gráfica sobre la contaminación y su efecto negativo en nuestro Planeta.  - - SE PARTE DEL CAMBIO, NO CONTAMINES EL PLANETA, ES TUYO CUIDALO. - -

*RECUERDA: “Toda manifestación de vida merece respeto. Por favor, pensemos en nosotros, en nuestro mundo, es el único que tenemos“.

[ COMPARTE ] Y Pasa la Voz es Importante…

Poisoned: Why West Virginia's water crisis is everyone's problem

January 15, 2014

When 35-year-old Jason Eldridge arrived home last Thursday from his job as a systems administrator with a healthcare company in Charleston, West Virginia, he acted no differently than he normally would: he made dinner (that night, it was tacos) for his wife, his two-year-old daughter, and himself. Then the trio sat down to eat. It wasn’t until afterwards, however, that they turned on the evening news and saw the main story: the tap water he’d used to fix his family’s meal was poisoned.

By now, it’s been thoroughly reported that Charleston-based Freedom Industries — a small, two-week old company that stored and distributed coal-processing chemicals from 11 huge, 48,000-gallon containment units on the shores of the Elk River — accidentally allowed 7,500 gallons of the chemical 4-methylcyclohexane methanol (MCHM) to seep into the region’s main water source. The Elk supplies drinking water to some 300,000 residents through the publicly traded West Virginia American Water company. And because not much is known about MHCM, the state’s Department of Environmental Protection (DEP) was forced to order last Thursday that no one use the water flowing into homes and businesses in a nine-county region surrounding Charleston.

At first, Eldridge and his wife weren’t concerned. They noticed the liquorice — or maybe coconut oil — smell of the coal chemical when they flushed their toilets. But they decided not to let it worry them that first night.

"I’m not someone who tends to freak out about things," Eldridge told The Verge yesterday. “So it wasn’t until the next day, last Friday, that I realized, ‘Ok, this might be a problem.’”

It was.

When Eldridge’s two-year-old woke up Friday, she suffered flu-like symptoms. It didn’t appear to Eldridge that this was related to the water leak (his wife had been sick in the days prior), but his daughter’s fever and coughing and sneezing made him nervous. “I gotta get water for my family,” he told himself.

On his lunch break Friday — with his wife and child at home — he made a 45-minute drive to a mall in Huntington, which had not been affected by the water crisis. Eldridge started there, hoping to find bottled water and disposable 5-gallon water jugs at whichever store had any left to sell.

He visited Walmart, a Foodland grocery store, then a Target — all sold out in what Eldridge called “a trail of failure.” Then, at a sporting goods store, a clerk asked if he had a bucket with him to fill it up with water from an untainted Huntington tap. He didn’t, and after he and the clerk spent 20 minutes searching the store for one, they gave up. They were also sold out.

Eldridge drove back to work — easily an hour late returning from his lunch break — empty-handed.

"Under the Radar"

Freedom Industries — which was actually a conglomerate of smaller companies owned and operated by at least one convicted felon — had managed to escape the oversight of not only West Virginia’s DEP, but also the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and the US Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA). The reason? Various juries are still out. But consensus has grown around the idea that Freedom Industries’ chemicals were not considered “a hazardous material,” a DEP cabinet secretary told the Associated Press, so “it flew under the radar.”

The main problem was that Freedom avoided having to prove that it had designed a backup plan if its chemicals breached the porous retaining wall surrounding its toxic containment units and seeped into the ground. Or, worse, seeped into the river. Lack of worry about chemicals flowing into the river, in retrospect, seems absurd. Freedom Industries’ containment facilities sit maybe 50 feet from the Elk River’s shoreline, up a steep hillside covered with mud and leafless trees and bushes. “The idea that there would not be concern about those chemicals seeping into the river is a big problem,” Paul Ziemkiewicz, director of the West Virginia Water Research Institute, told The Verge. ”If you would’ve had proper secondary containment on the site, this wouldn’t have excited anyone’s interest at all.”

Full article

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