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As we near the end of another year marked by the revolutions that continue to roil the Middle East, punctuated at this year-end with the recent conflagration in Gaza, Magnum has published “Magnum Revolution: 65 Years of Fighting for Freedom,” a collection of some of the most powerful photographs of the convulsions of conflict by the agency’s renowned photographers.  Click-through for a selection.

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Little Known Conflict —- 335 Years War

Date:

30 March 1651 – 17 April 1986

Belligerents:

Isles of Scilly (UK)

The Netherlands

Cause:

The Dutch demand reparations from Scilly for damage to the Dutch fleet during the English Civil War.  When Scilly refuses the Dutch declare war.

Forces Deployed:

Scilly: None

Netherlands: None

Casualties

Scilly: None

Netherlands: None

Peace

In 1985 Historian Roy Duncan comes to the discovery that Scilly and the Netherlands are still at war.  A peace treaty is formally signed in 1986.

The one sure way to create more religious extremism in the Middle East!

The most guaranteed way to ensure there will be more and more religious extremism is to keep destroying a region’s infrastructure, keep devastating the economies and societies, keep up the occupations, drone attacks, bombing campaigns, wars, coups, regime changes, and economic hits and sanctions, and just to top it off blame it all on their “barbaric” culture. Guaranteed to create more extremists and fanatics every single time!

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The Graham Island dispute of 1831,

In  July of 1831 a volcanic island off the coast of Sicily poked its head above water and greeted the world.  A small island, it nonetheless attracted the attention of the powers of Europe, as the island held significant strategic importance, being situated between Sicily and North Africa.  One of the main players was the British, who planned to create a naval base on the island.  In August of 1831 a British fleet landed, planted the Union Jack, and named the Island Graham Island after Sir James Graham, the First Lord of the Admiralty.  Then a Sicilian ship arrived.  After removing the British flag, they named the Island Ferdinanadea after King Ferdinand of Sicily.  Then a French ship arrived, claiming the island as “Julia” because the island appeared in July.

The situation quickly grew into a tense international dispute as rivaling ships circled the island, each intent on backing up their claims over the new territory.  Things grew worse when suddenly Spain submitted their own claim and sent ships to take possession of the island.  For months ships from various nations played a game of brinkmanship over an uninhabited rock.  Ships and boats of various spectators, tourists, and journalists also surrounded the island to view the spectacle.

On December 17th, 1831, the dispute ended when Graham Island sank below the waves and disappeared.  

There 62 markers on this World map drawn on July 20th, 2014. You would never guess what are they representing. The only continent free of them is the Antarctic… Yeah, we know, it’s a stretch - we used penguins to attract your attention.   There are 62 countries involved in ongoing wars and 549 militias-guerrillas and separatist groups fighting in conflicts around the World. Source: warsintheworld.com 

INTERACTIVE MAP  -  FULL DETAILED LIST

AFRICA: (25 Countries and 152 between militias-guerrillas, separatist groups and anarchic groups involved)

ASIA: (15 Countries and 129 between militias-guerrillas, separatist groups and anarchic groups involved)

EUROPE: (9 Countries and 71 between militias-guerrillas, separatist groups and anarchic groups involved)

MIDDLE EAST: (8 Countries and 171 between militias-guerrillas, separatist groups and anarchic groups involved)

AMERICAS: (5 Countries and 25 between drug cartels, militias-guerrillas, separatist groups and anarchic groups involved)

Little Known Conflicts —- The Toledo War (1835 - 1836)

Belligerants:

State of Ohio

Territory of Michigan

Cause:

Territorial dispute over the City of Toledo and the “Toledo strip”.

Forces Deployed:

Michigan State Militia

Ohio State Militia

Battles:

The Battle of Phillips Corners

The Bloody Summer of ‘35

Casualties

Michigan: 0 dead, 1 wounded (minor wounds)

Ohio: 1 dead (accidental), 0 wounded

Peace:

Intervention by US Congress, Ohio gains control of Toledo strip. Michigan gets upper peninsula.

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