Zane stealing unexpected kisses from Ty (◡‿◡✿)

8

awards I’d give if I was a somebody but sadly I am a nobody 
the world cup according to me

Secretary of State Hillary Rodham Clinton has been admitted to a New York hospital after the discovery of a blood clot stemming from the concussion she sustained earlier this month.

Clinton spokesman Philippe Reines says her doctors discovered the clot during a follow-up exam Sunday. Reines says Clinton is being treated with anti-coagulants.

Clinton was admitted to New York-Presbyterian Hospital so doctors can monitor the medication over the next 48 hours.

Reines says doctors will continue to assess Clinton’s condition, “including other issues associated with her concussion.”

—  The Associated Press (via the New York Times), "Hillary Clinton Hospitalized With Blood Clot"

Must Read: “Kyle Williams, Concussions, And The Nature Of The Beast" - SBNation’s Andrew Sharp tells it how it is. 

Jaquian Williams, the Giants cornerback who forced Williams’ second fumble, said afterward, “We knew he had four concussions, so that was our biggest thing, was to take him outta the game.”

So the Giants were purposely targeting Williams because of his concussion history? That makes me sick and almost turns me off of football completely. 

As a sports fan that’s played football and many other contact sports, like many others, I’ve always maintained that one day, when I have kids, I’d love to submerge them into sports and cheer them on. But reading things like this scares the crap out of me. Human beings intentionally going after others in an attempt to injure them (and in this case, a very serious injury) in hopes of winning a game? Disgusting.  

If you’re a football fan or a fan of sports in general or just a parent, read the entire article, it’s worth all of your time. 

@Suga_Shane

Watch on psydoctor8.tumblr.com

"Video Shows Researchers Dissecting The Brain Of A Former NFL Player Who Suffered Trauma-Induced Disease"

You may recall that back in February, former Chicago Bears safety Dave Duerson took his own life, but not before sending a text message to his family asking that his brain be donated to research. He was quite certain that the depression and loss of cognitive ability he was suffering was due to injuries he sustained over his football career, but he wanted scientists to confirm this after he was gone.

Duerson’s brain was sent to The Center for the Study of Traumatic Encephalopathy, also known as the NFL’s “brain bank,” which had previously diagnosed that Duerson’s brain had indeed suffered from the same trauma-induced disease (chronic traumatic encephalopathy) found in more than 20 deceased NFL players.  Via

No helmet system can protect you from serious brain and/or neck injuries including paralysis or death. To avoid these risks, do not engage in the sport of football.
— 

From a warning label on football helmets manufactured by SCHUTT SPORTS; this particular warning has appeared on their products for the past decade.

The macho stuff aside, yes, let’s acknowledge that football is a dangerous sport, and that just because some people are overly concerned about what could happen to them, or their sons or brothers or cousins or friends or husbands or partners on the football field, doesn’t mean their concerns are invalid.

Just ask the folks who make football helmets.

(via the New York Times)

The Super Bowl Is a Web of Greed, Lawsuits, and Lies

The Super Bowl is a long, exceptionally polished television advertisement for the corporate state we live under that’s watched by over 100 million people. It ostensibly exists because of a football game, but the annual event has grown over the years into a kind of modern variety show that features singing and dancing during the halftime show, comedy sketches during the commercials, and gruesome blood sport during the actual game. America!

That’s the way most people experience the Super Bowl—as something that, like the Academy Awards and war, happens on TV. But the big game is also a kind of traveling circus, only instead of clowns and acrobats, the people arriving in New Jersey and New York are tourists, security experts, the 1-percenter oligarchs who can afford the ridiculous prices for luxury suites at MetLife Stadium, and actual sex slavers. The big game provides an awesome—in the old sense of “inspiring awe”—spectacle, but for anyone who has to deal with its mundane on-the-ground aspects, it’s a nightmare of greed, lies, and broken promises.

Continue

Groundbreaking Research Explores Link Between Traumatic Brain Injury and Sleep

It has long been believed that a person with a concussion should stay awake or not sleep for more than a few hours at a time.

image

But there appears to be no medical evidence to support that idea, according to a study regarding the relationship between traumatic brain injury, also known as TBI, and sleepiness conducted by scientists at Barrow Neurological Institute at Phoenix Children’s Hospital and the University of Arizona College of Medicine – Phoenix.

"This translational research study lays the foundation for understanding the immediate impact of brain injury on a person’s physiology. In this case, substantial post-traumatic sleep occurred regardless of injury timing or severity," said Jonathan Lifshitz, director of the Translational Neurotrauma Program at Barrow Neurological Institute at Phoenix Children’s Hospital and an associate professor at the UA College of Medicine – Phoenix. "These studies explore sleep as an immediate response to TBI."

Traumatic brain injury is a major cause of death and disability throughout the world with little pharmacological treatment for the individuals who suffer from lifelong problems associated with TBI. Clinical studies have provided evidence to support the claim that brain injury contributes to chronic sleep disturbances as well as excessive daytime sleepiness. Clinical observations have reported excessive sleepiness immediately following traumatic brain injury. However; there is a lack of experimental evidence to support or refute the benefit of sleep following a brain injury.

"We know that some individuals after a traumatic brain injury become excessively sleepy and some cannot sleep at all. It is not well understood why this occurs as mechanisms of injury, and locations of injury are not always consistent between clinical phenotypes of normal sleep, hypersomnia and insomnia," said Matthew Troester, a neurologist and sleep specialist at Phoenix Children’s Hospital and a clinical assistant professor at the UA College of Medicine – Phoenix.

Lifshiz and his associates are breaking new ground with descriptions of sleep in the acute – or immediately after injury – state, where little is known clinically, Troester added.

"They demonstrate that the subjects slept immediately and similarly post-injury no matter the severity of the injury or time of day the injury occurred. This tells us that the brain is reacting to the injury in a very specific manner – not something we always see clinically – and, ultimately, this may help us better understand what the role of sleep is in brain injury" such as being restorative, protective or merely a consequence of the injury, he said. "It is an exciting beginning."

This initial study is phase one of the Post-Traumatic Sleep Study. Phase two is in the works. The research will look to provide medical evidence for sleeping after a concussion.

2

What do we know about concussions? Not enough.

By Anthony Lopopolo

Arsene Wenger did the math for us. “You have only one life,” Arsenal’s manager told reporters, “and you have 60 games per year.”  He was here before, just weeks before. Midfielder Mathieu Flamini clashed heads with a defender and collapsed on the pitch. That time, Wenger did not hesitate to take Flamini out of the game. This time, the doctors didn’t tell him anything about Wojciech Szczesny. They needed just 82 seconds to check his signs and ask the relevant questions: Where are we right now? Who scored last? Which half is it?

The Arsenal goalkeeper had fallen down, seemingly unconscious, lying on the ground with his hands up. This time, Wenger’s player pushed on – Szczesny made some more saves and looked fine, a victory alone even in a game that Arsenal lost to Manchester United.

Doctors say there is no average: Every case is different. Minutes later, Nemanja Vidic, United’s captain, smacked his head against his own goalkeeper’s thigh. This was worse. As he fell to the ground, Vidic looked glassy-eyed, a vacant look on his face. He wobbled off the field, left for the hospital, and on Monday he was released.

The earliest Vidic can play is November 24. By virtue of his club’s schedule, he will automatically get to sit out at least five days – the minimum for any player concussed in the Premier League. But the waiting could last. We just don’t know how long.

And this was just the latest incident in England, if handled a little better. Only last week, Hugo Lloris, the Tottenham goalkeeper, took a knee to the face. The whiplash was violent: The head snapped back, and he was out. Minutes passed before he got up, and when he was told he had to go off, Lloris looked like a man insulted. The manager, Andre Villas-Boas, liked what he saw, the determination and the fight to stay in the game, and so Lloris remained, and he made a couple more saves.

“The call always belongs to me,” said Villas-Boas. He wasn’t immediately given signs from the doctors that indicted Lloris could continue, and yet he did. Villas-Boas didn’t even heed the weak rules already in place: That a player knocked unconscious should not play that same day.

It seems like an epidemic. Concussions make up 11% of injuries in football, or at least that’s the finding in last year’s British Journal of Sports Medicine. An average of one player per squad takes a hit to the head every month. It’s happening a lot more at the highest level, and more than 50% of clubs in England don’t follow the guidelines. They are talking about it, at meetings between FIFA, the International Ice Hockey Federation, the International Olympic Committee and the NFL. But are they doing enough?

Read More

Don’t Think Too Much After a Concussion

A new study in the journal Pediatrics shows that cognitive rest is an essential part of recovery after a concussion. Patients who engaged in cognitive activities, such as homework, reading, or screen time on computers and other digital devices could take twice as long to recover after a concussion.

Researchers followed 335 pediatric patients who presented at a Sports Concussion clinic within three weeks of injury in order to measure their average rates of cognitive activity and its impact on concussion recovery. Patients self-reported their cognitive activity and the researchers divided these patients into quartiles (full rest to mild activity, moderate activity, significant activity and full activity).

Read more. [Image: Drflet/Wikimedia Commons]

Are concussions related to Alzheimer’s disease?

A new study suggests that a history of concussion involving at least a momentary loss of consciousness may be related to the buildup of Alzheimer’s-associated plaques in the brain. The research is published in the December 26, 2013, online issue of Neurology®, the medical journal of the American Academy of Neurology.

"Interestingly, in people with a history of concussion, a difference in the amount of brain plaques was found only in those with memory and thinking problems, not in those who were cognitively normal," said study author Michelle Mielke, PhD, with Mayo Clinic in Rochester, Minn.

For the study, people from Olmsted County in Minnesota were given brain scans; these included 448 people without any signs of memory problems and 141 people with memory and thinking problems called mild cognitive impairment. Participants, who were all age 70 or older, were also asked about whether they had ever experienced a brain injury that involved any loss of consciousness or memory.

Of the 448 people without any thinking or memory problems, 17 percent reported a brain injury and 18 percent of the 141 with memory and thinking difficulties reported a concussion or head trauma.

The study found no difference in any brain scan measures among the people without memory and thinking impairments, whether or not they had head trauma. However, people with memory and thinking impairments and a history of head trauma had levels of amyloid plaques an average of 18 percent higher than those with no head trauma history.

"Our results add merit to the idea that concussion and Alzheimer’s disease brain pathology may be related," said Mielke. "However, the fact that we did not find a relationship in those without memory and thinking problems suggests that any association between head trauma and amyloid is complex."