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Pink Fairy Armadillo (Chlamyphorus truncatus)

Also known as the lesser fairy armadillo, the pink fairy armadillo is a unique species of small armadillo found only in Central Argentina. Pink fairy armadillos are the smallest known armadillo, with the largest individual growing to around 4 inches long. They are primarily nocturnal and burrow near anthills, as their main food item is ants, however they will eat worms, snails, plants and roots as-wells. Like a golden mole or a marsupial mole the pink fairy armadillo navigates its surroundings via “sand swimming” using its powerful claws to move through the sand as if it was water, its pink back/head plates shield it from debris. Although the pink fairy armadillo is listed as ‘data-deficient’ by the IUCN it suffers from habitat destruction as cattle farms are taking over its natural range. 

Phylogeny

Animalia-Chordata-Mammalia-Cingulata-Dasypodidae-Euphractinae-Chalmyphorus-truncatus

Image Source(s)

Armadillos have four babies at a time, always all the same sex. They are perfect quadruplets (the fertilized cell split into quarters, resulting in four identical armadillos). Some female armadillos who were captured for research gave birth long after being captured (up to 2 years later). These odd delayed births are a result of the female’s ability to delay the implantation of the fertilized egg during times of stress. This is a result of a reproductive tactic and is a reason why armadillos can easily populate new areas.

On average, an armadillo gets 18 1/2 hours of sleep a day. Armadillos are the ONLY animal other than humans that can get leprosy. There are 20 different species of armadillos, and if the sex organs are disconnected from the animal they are still active. When frightened, armadillos have been known to jump strait up in the air.

Armadillos don’t require a lot of oxygen. Even when they burrow they can stop breathing for up to 6 minutes just by storing air in their tracheas. The regulation of the body temperature of about 32°C is a big problem. Armadillos don’t survive long periods of frost, except the fairy armadillo that lives in Patagonia and hibernates.

The three-banded armadillo hardly digs a burrow; it protects itself by rolling up like a hedgehog. The only opening is covered by the shields of the head and the tail, so that even a dog can’t open this ball. As the body fat would disturb while rolling up, the fat moved to the dorsal part of the animal during evolution.


Image source

Cabassous unicinctus | ©Renato Gaiga   (Itiquira, Mato Grosso, Brazil)

The Southern naked-tailed armadillo or Cabasú de orejas largas,  Cabassous unicinctus (Cingulata - Dasypodidae) is a small armadillo from South America.

This species is found east of the Andes from northern Colombia, Peru, Ecuador, Bolivia, through to Venezuela, Guyana, French Guiana and Suriname in the north, to the state of Mato Grosso do Sul (Brazil) in the south [1].

In 2011 the first specimens of Cabassous unicinctus squamicaudis from Paraguay were documented, extending the known distribution of the species approximately 270 km south-southwestward in the cerrado eco-region [2].

Nine-banded armadillo, Dasypus novemcinctus: Heavily armored diggers with slow metabolisms, these remarkable creatures are related to extinct pampatheres and glyptodonts (some of which grew as large as small cars and had huge, clubbed tails). Their closest living relatives are the sloths and anteaters.

Six-banded Armadillo (Euphractus sexcinctus)

Also known as the Yellow Armadillo, the six-banded armadillo is a species of armadillo (Dasypodidae) which occurs in Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Uruguay, and Paraguay. Isolated populations occur in Suriname as well. Six-banded armadillos are solitary and unlike other armadillos is chiefly diurnal rather than nocturnal. They will inhabit a wide range of habitats from forests to grasslands but prefer open areas where they will feed on a range of plants and invertebrates.

Classification

Animalia-Chordata-Mammalia-Cingulata-Dasypodidae-Euphractinae-Euphractus-E. sexcinctus

Image: Exlibris

Megarian (Mediterranean) Banded Centipede - Scolopendra cingulata

This amazing centipede is Scolopendra cingulata (Scolopendromorpha - Scolopendridae), the commonest scolopendromorph species in the Mediterranean area.

It is a relatively large centipede growing up to 12 cm in body length. The body is flattened and comprised of many segments, each with a pair of legs. The posterior legs are spiny to ward off predators, while the anterior legs have been modified into maxillipeds that bite and include venom glands.

Like most centipedes, Scolopendra cingulata has adapted to being primarily a nocturnal organism. It is carnivorous and preys on any organism smaller than it. If threatened it will not hesitate to administer its toxic bite to the organism causing the disturbance before fleeing. 

The venom is extremely toxic to prey and causes paralysis or death. Although this venom is not fatal to humans, unless the victim suffers an allergic reaction, S. cingulata venom will cause painful symptoms in the bite region. These symptoms include severe pain, redness and swelling of the bite region, itching, and possible headaches. 

References: [1] - [2] - [3]

Photo credit: ©Adam Gor | Locality: Csákberény, Fejér, Hungary (2014)

Southern Long-nosed Armadillo (Dasypus hybridus)

…a species of armadillo (Dasypodidae) which inhabits the grasslands of northern Argentina, Uruguay, southern Brazil, and Paraguay. Like other armadillos southern long-nosed armadillos will construct and reside in small underground burrows and feed mainly on invertebrates, but they will also eat plant matter as well.

Classification

Animalia-Chordata-Mammalia-Cingulata-Dasypodidae-Dasypodinae-Dasypus-D. hybridus

Image: Patricia Carabelli

การศึกษาพิษเฉียบพลันของไดคลอโรไนโตรซาลิไซลานิลีดต่อหอยขี้นก (Cerithidea cingulata) และกุ้งขาวแวนนาไม (Litopenaeus vannamei) ระยะโพสลาร์วา 12

ศาสตร์เกษตรดินปุ๋ย-ขอบคุณแหล่งข้อมูล : มหาวิทยาลัยเกษตรศาสตร์

http://kucon.lib.ku.ac.th/cgi-bin/KUCON.exe?rec_id=012808&database=KUCON&search_type=link&table=mona&back_path=/KUCON/mona&lang=thai&format_name=TFMON

ผู้แต่ง: ธารทิพย์ นภาอำไพพร; ชลอ ลิ้มสุวรรณ; นิติ ชูเชิด ชื่อเรื่อง:การศึกษาพิษเฉียบพลันของไดคลอโรไนโตรซาลิไซลานิลีดต่อหอยขี้นก (Cerithidea cingulata) และกุ้งขาวแวนนาไม…

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