Another illustration for my women in science series. Jane Goodall is a primatologist, ethologist and anthropologist and is the worlds top expert on chimpanzees.

Get one here at: https://www.etsy.com/listing/197871802/women-in-science-jane-goodall

This Week in Science - June 24 - 30, 2013:

  • Antimatter gun here.
  • Severed spinal cord repairs here.
  • Ancient horse genome record here.
  • Robotic-chimpanzee here.
  • NIH retiring chimps here.
  • NASA launched IRIS here.
  • Body-heat flashlight here.
  • 500+ million yr. old creature here.
  • Clinical iPS stem-cell trial here.
  • Cloned mouse from blood-drop here.
  • PayPal Galactic launch here.
  • New pulsating star type here.
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The First Animal Astronauts

These pioneering space animals did not volunteer to travel into space, but their adventures captured the imagination of millions as they watched these animals make history.

  • Laika, a mixed-breed dog, was the first living being in orbit. She was launched on the Soviet Union’s Sputnik 2 mission in November of 1957.
  • A rhesus monkey named Sam is shown after his flight in December of 1959, which tested the launch-escape system of NASA’s Mercury spacecraft.
  • Enos the chimpanzee being readied for his orbital spaceflight of November 1961.
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Now You Can Play as Pigs, Wolves, and Chimps in GTA V

Drive of the Planet of the Apes.

Name: Jane Goodall
Dates:
1934-present

Why she rocks:
 She is one of the world’s most famous primatologists, ethologists, anthropologists and UN Messenger of Peace. She is the world’s foremost expert on chimpanzees, and did a 45 year study on social interactions of wild chimpanzees. She founded the Jane Goodall Institute to work extensively on conservation and animal welfare issues.

Quote: “Change happens by listening and then starting a dialogue with the people who are doing something you don’t believe is right.”

Because of this woman… we have a better understanding of the life of primates, which, in many ways, is not too different from humans.

Very happy about the news this week for chimps in US labs. It was a big week-please visit this tribute to the last 1000 chimps in medical labs in he USA.

For almost 100 years, chimpanzees have been used in biomedical and behavioral research in this country, the last industrialized country to experiment on our next of kin. The end of using chimpanzees as nameless test subjects is near. Already hundreds of research chimpanzees have been retired. In tribute to all who have been forced to serve, here we look forward to the journey to sanctuary of the LAST 1000.

Humans’ closest animal relatives, chimpanzees, have metacognition — knowing what one knows, according to new research by scientists at Georgia State University and the University at Buffalo.

“The demonstration of metacognition in nonhuman primates has important implications regarding the emergence of self-reflective mind during humans’ cognitive evolution,” the research team noted.

Metacognition is the ability to recognize one’s own cognitive states. For example, a game show contestant must make the decision to “phone a friend” or risk it all, dependent on how confident he or she is in knowing the answer.

“There has been an intense debate in the scientific literature in recent years over whether metacognition is unique to humans,” said Michael J. Beran of the Georgia State Language Research Center

The experiment

Chimpanzees at Georgia State’s LRC have been trained to use a language-like system of symbols to name things, giving researchers a unique way to query animals about their states of knowing or not knowing.

In the experiment, researchers tested the chimpanzees on a task that required them to use symbols to name what food was hidden in a location. If a piece of banana was hidden, the chimpanzees would report that fact and gain the food by touching the symbol for banana on their symbol keyboards.

But then, the researchers provided chimpanzees either with complete or incomplete information about the identity of the food rewards.

In some cases, the chimpanzees had already seen what item was available in the hidden location and could immediately name it by touching the correct symbol without going to look at the item in the hidden location to see what it was.

In other cases, the chimpanzees could not know what food item was in the hidden location, because either they had not seen any food yet on that trial, or because even if they had seen a food item, it may not have been the one moved to the hidden location.

In those cases, they should have first gone to look in the hidden location before trying to name any food. In the end, chimpanzees named items immediately and directly when they knew what was there, but they sought out more information before naming when they did not already know. The research team said, “This pattern of behavior reflects a controlled information-seeking capacity that serves to support intelligent responding, and it strongly suggests that our closest living relative has metacognitive abilities closely related to those of humans.”

The research was supported in part by the National Institutes of Health and the National Science Foundation.