Psychosis is defined as being a lost touch with reality.
It is not always linked to mental illness, and can be a result of a different problem all together.
Any sort of psychosis, does not only mean hallucinations. Psychosis is what is involved in all psychotic illness’s. Hallucinations do not always point to mental illness or psychosis, and can be serious. If you experience any hallucinations see a doctor immediately.
Psychosis involves negative and positive symptoms. Positive symptoms are what have been added to your personality before psychosis had happened. Negative symptoms are what has been taken from your personality, due to psychosis.
Common positive symptoms include :Hallucinations, delusions, disorganized speech, catatonia.
Common negative symptoms include: Flat effect (emotionless), loss of energy and motivation, lack of hygiene, reduced speech, memory problems, troubles paying attention.
These are not limited, but are found to be the most common in those dealing with psychosis. Usually an individual will have more of one set, than the other. ie. More positive symptoms than negative.
There are also different types of hallucinations that will be accounted for within psychosis.
Visual - This is one of the most common ones. Usually people suffering from visual hallucinations will see terrifying things, that are’t really there. Common examples are seeing shadows, colors, and bugs.
Auditory - This is another one of the most common experienced hallucinations The most common types of auditory hallucinations are hearing voices. There are different labels for different type of voices people here:
Command hallucinations are voices that commad you to do something, usually harmful. They will often threaten you.
Thought insertion is when it hears like thoughts are being implanted in your head, that do not belong to you. It is similar to hearing your own thoughts - but it’s not. A lot of people think they have this, but it’s more complicated than one would think. These are also related to delusions.
Voices coming from outside your head is most likely the most common of auditory hallucinations. They can also be command hallucinations.
There are also different types of auditory hallucinations, such as hearing footsteps, whispers, or even a knocking from outside your window
Olfactory halluciations are smells that aren’t really present. It’s common for a person suffering from psychosis to smell a bad odor, usually coming from themself.
Gustatory hallucinations are tastes that aren’t really present. They are normally associated with food. It is common for someone with psychosis to suffer gustatory hallucinations of their food tasting metallic as if it were poisoned. This can usually bring on delusios.
Tactile hallucinations are the sensation of being touched by nothing really there. It can feel like someone touching you, or poking you, and even like a cat brushing up against your leg. It can also feel as though your insides are moving. ie. Your stomach moving all over your body. Although some people call this a different name.