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photos by Nick Brandt that show an eerie lake in Africa turning animals into stone. Lake Natron in northern Tanzania is a death trap for birds and bats who appear to slam into it due to its surface’s extremely reflective nature. 

Temperatures in the lake can reach up to 60 °C (or 140 °F) and the water has an extremely high soda and salt content which causes “the creatures to calcify, perfectly preserved, as they dry.” Via

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The lake takes its name from natron, a naturally occurring compound made mainly of sodium carbonate, with a bit of baking soda (sodium bicarbonate) thrown in. Here, this has come from volcanic ash, accumulated from the Great Rift valley. Animals that become immersed in the water die and are calcified.

"No one knows for certain exactly how they die, but it appears that the extreme reflective nature of the lake’s surface confuses them, and like birds crashing into plate glass windows, they crash into the lake."

(via geekologie)

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Calcified animals found washed up on the shores of Lake Natron in Tanzania and posed as they would be found in real life. The animals become “calcified” as their bodies become encrusted in sodium carbonate or bicarbonate when the water level of the lake drops.

This deadly lake receives its harsh composition from the neighboring volcano, Ol Doinyo as alkali-rich natrocarbonatites from the volcano enter the rainwater run-off, polluting the water. There is no calcium in the lake, however there are inflowing freshwater channels that precipitate and mix with the high pH alkaline water which also contributes to its very unique composition. 

Lithopaedion

A rare phenomenon which occurs most commonly when a foetus dies during an abdominal pregnancy and calcifies on the outside as it is too large to be reabsorbed by the body. This protects the mother’s body from the dead tissue of the baby and prevents infection.

It is not unusual for a stone baby to remain undiagnosed for decades and it is often not until a patient is examined for other conditions or a proper examination is conducted that includes an X-ray that a stone baby is found.

thewomanofscandal asked:

Hi there! Recently I've been taking class Classic Backgrounds of English Lit and the Prof chose metamorphosis as the prevailing theme for the semester. Most of his choices have been pretty standard: Ovid, The Odyssey, Orlando, Twelfth Night, etc. However there was one choice that kind of threw me for a loop: Pride & Prejudice. Though I adore Austen, I'd honestly never considered it metamorphosis novel and I wondered if you (as a great lover of transformation) had any thoughts about it?

easy! because okay. pride and prejudice is metamorphic through and through. but the transformations are less concrete / visually manifest than, say, kafka’s insect or the odyssey's man-thwarting witches.  

the clue is the title: the crux of it is the mutual, inch-by-inch then all at once transformations of elizabeth and darcy, the falling away of their pride and prejudices. it’s the idea that humans can undergo profound metamorphosis catalysed by love (and money, the novel’s other fixation, because in austen’s world a person changing social class is an equally dramatic rupture).

the abstract but radical nature of transformation — how a life can be ruined or mended by a word, a look, the briefest of touches — is a concept the narrative goes back to again and again; and actually dramatises, because austen’s novel is a study of the intricacies of manners and etiquette and intimacy, of that strange insular drawing-room world hinged upon small and great shifts of surface and substance. and when these changes happen, it’s women who have most to gain or lose.

(actually. to get one degree more meta, pride and prejudice is a transitional or metamorphic text: austen’s novels are published at the same time as the work of blake, wordsworth, byron, et al. but she’s writing something profoundly different, at a moment when the novel is rapidly changing; and austen’s text underwent dramatic changes during its creation, from an epistolary novel called first impressions to the third-person free indirect of pride and prejudice. and austen herself is a chimera, a creature of changing times: a woman of leisure was not supposed to make a living at all, particularly not from authorship, which wasn’t considered a respectable means of income for a woman of her class.)

some people consider pride and prejudice to be tame and quaint and effervescent, but it’s actually a disquieting novel about instability, transition, faultlines in the old bastions of power, shifting social hierarchies—and women’s terrible vulnerability to changes of fortune. 

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"I unexpectedly found the creatures – all manner of birds and bats – washed up along the shoreline of Lake Natron in Northern Tanzania. No-one knows for certain exactly how they die, but it appears that the extreme reflective nature of the lake’s surface confuses them, and like birds crashing into plate glass windows, they crash into the lake. The water has an extremely high soda and salt content, so high that it would strip the ink off my Kodak film boxes within a few seconds. The soda and salt causes the creatures to calcify, perfectly preserved, as they dry."

Nick Brandt 

We can’t know another’s dark
when we’re alone
in our own hearts

We are secrets
hidden within riddles
that have calcified and hardened
into toxic, little clumps
and the older we get
the more the poison
festers

Uncle Fester, Auntie Fester
Sister Fester, Brother Bile
I only point the finger at you
to throw the dogs
off my scent

There is no key
to unlock the door
unless it bears the shape
of our own particular
brand of brokenness
We’ll wear it like a badge
or else we’ll bury it
six feet deep
in our memories

I have a headache
that could be a poem
I can no longer tell
the difference
There are words
that ache, that seethe, that
fester

— 

Max Mundan, Fester

© David Rutter 2014

Single Lines

 

As the title suggests, this is some BRILLIANT work, and you should take a few minutes to see the creativity in simplistic genius, not only here, but in general. This guy takes a single line (think of writing with a pen but never leaving the paper) and creates animations that are exceptionally detailed. This is a good vid to enjoy…

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Psychopath BBC documentary Full Documentary


t-uoi said:
have you read iceman inheritance? it talks about how white people evolved to be so aggressive and emotionless compared to people of color.. their pineal gland became calcified bc of lack of alkaline that is found in fruits and veggies only found in warmer tropical areas or many PoC places.. bc their pineal gland is calcified they only operate with aggression and lower level of thinking..high level of melanin is associated with higher conductance and able to feel emotions which they lack