emma-swoon asked:

What animal does the leather come from that your pirate outfit is made of? You move in it so well, but my experience with bovine leather is rather, well, restrictive.

I’m afraid I don’t know what animal they were made from. They most likely are made of cow, though deer, pig, sheep, goat, chimera and even ogre are possibilities. I doubt they come from dragon, snake or crocodile, as those leathers have a rather distinctive quality.  

Hydra aren’t Nazis & Avengers isn’t racist

As an actual person of Romani/Jewish extraction…ffs, while I appreciate the problems with whitewashing characters, the Scarlet Witch and Quicksilver are not the two whose hill you want to die on.

They were raised by a cow-woman named Bova on Wudagore mountain and the Romani stuff was there just to pull in the “dark magic” stuff for Scarlet Witch, and the Magneto stuff was shoe-horned in when they were making him into a hero.

And as to getting a PoC to play the characters…no. I have no idea what some people seem to think a Romani person (or a Jew) looks like, but most of us look like whatever country’s host population looks like. There are plenty of blond haired, blue eyed Romani, and the fact that people don’t know that is more disheartening than making a couple of characters into generic Eastern European rather than go through the headache of bovine midwives and licensing headaches.

Romani aren’t some sort of weird Other that doesn’t look or talk like you. Most Romani would pass for generic white or…well, “generic eastern European”, and whatever image people have in their heads of my people are about a 100x more offensive than Elizabeth Olsen playing either a Romani or a person of generic Eastern European heritage.

And…god, both sides of my family suffered horrifically at the hands of Nazis. HYDRA are not Nazis. They worked with the Nazis because they’re a fascist cult. Red Skull is a Nazi. Hydra has had heads and splinter groups all over the globe encompassing all sorts of backgrounds, many of which comprised of members of the untermensch races that Hitler hated. 

In Marvel comics they have long gone out of their way to make it clear that HYDRA =/= Nazi, only that some members of Hydra worked for the Nazis, and Hydra itself goes back centuries and spans the globe.

I’ve love to see a Romani superhero…but, to be honest, he’d just look like me, and I just look like a guy you’d pass on the street. One of the benefits or being my flavour of Romani and Jew in America is that I don’t stand out, I’m just another generic white guy, but I actually grew up in an area that had Neo-Nazis who would have gladly murdered me if they knew what I was.

Please, I can understand and appreciate that some of you are trying to be helpful, but as a person who actually belongs to both ethnic groups you’re championing…stop, because you’re wrong about Hydra (because I’ve read Marvel since I was a boy, and they really are NOT Nazis), and please stop assuming that Romani are some weird ethnic other.

And, btw, Romani are NOT the same as Irish Travellers, which are often the focus of TV shows like “My G**** Wedding” and such. 

Oh, and as to the G-word, I bear no ill will to Elizabeth Olsen for using it and being corrected because she STOPPED using it. It’s hard for Americans and even some other people across the world to realize it’s considered a slur when TV shows use it as their titles.

People always think they know other people, but they don’t. Not really. I mean, maybe they know things about them, like they won’t eat doughnuts or they like action movies or whatever. But they don’t know what their friends do in their rooms alone at night or what happened to them when they were kids or if they feel sad for no reason at all.
—  Libba Bray, Going Bovine

Photo taken from the book “Nomads who cultivate beauty” by Mette Bovin (Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, 2001)Wodaabe dancers 1975

The Bovine Stomach

Contrary to popular belief, cows do not have four stomachs. Rather, as ruminants, they have three compartments (and four distinct sections) to a single stomach.

  • The first compartment is called the reticulorumen. This is by far the largest compartment, and is where the microbes that break down the cellulose and other complex carbohydrates found in ruminant diets live

    This compartment mostly consists of the rumen, lined by papillae and surrounded by strong muscles, which contracts regularly in order to move the digesting food through the system. The smaller section of this compartment (between 5 and 10% of the total volume) is called the reticulum, which has a honeycomb-like texture, and is directly involved in eructation - returning the cud to the mouth after it has been partially digested.

    While the food is broken down in this compartment, very little is absorbed here.

  • The second compartment is the omasum. It’s also known as the “book” or “manyplies”, because of its many folds that look like book pages. The dried stomach in the photograph has a section removed in the lower left corner to show the unique texture of this compartment.

    The large surface area of this compartment is believed to function primarily as a place to absorb liquids and volatile fatty acids. The omasum squeezes its contents many times before passing them on.

  • The final compartment is the abomasum. This stomach is most similar to the stomachs of monogastrics (“single digestion”) such as humans and pigs. It digests the remaining contents chemically, rather than mechanically. It secretes rennet, which is used to break down proteins (mostly dead microbes from the rumen), and is used in cheesemaking.

After food particles are chemically digested in the abomasum, they exit the stomach into the small intestine. Here, the sugars created by the fermentation of carbohydrates and the peptides from the broken-down proteins are absorbed.

Estomac de boeuf” prepared in 1896 by E. Petitcolin.