This relatively small oil painting is one of several similar works of artist Jacques Barthelemy Delamarre, who in the last third of the 18th century lived in Paris, and who was clearly received at the Court of Queen Marie Antoinette. All of these works are portraits of Queen’s favorite lap dogs, especially the miniature (always groomed as poodles) Bolognese dogs that were exclusively bred for her (in this painting, the artists demonstrates the dog’s actual size by placing it beside the ink stand with quill). Over the duration of many years Marie Antoinette owned a number of these (short-lived due to weakness of the new breed) miniature dogs - all of them bearing the same name “Pompon”.