4

Iranian Sunnis: Ethnic and Cultural Diversity
dreamofiran.com

Sunni Mus­lims con­sti­tute approx­i­mate­ly 9% of the Iran­ian pop­u­la­tion. Major pop­u­la­tion of fel­low Iran­ian Sunni mus­lims reside in Sis­tan and Balouch­is­tan, Kur­dis­tan, […]

Sistan and Balouchistan province

Sistan and Balouchistan province is home to the largest population of Iranian sunnis who are most adherents of Hanafi school and from the Baluch ethnicity. Zahedan, Chabahar, Iranshahr, Khash, Saravan, Sarbaz, and Kenarak are Sunni majority. The Baloch people mainly speak Balochi language which itself is a branch of the Iranian languages, and more specifically of the Northwestern Iranian languages. The Baluchi language has the closest similarities to Avestan and old Persian.

Iranian Balochistan has had some of the earliest human civilizations in history. The Burnt city, near Zahidan, dates back to 2000 BC. The region was mentioned in Iranian ancient historical books and in Ferdowsi’s Shahnameh as well.

Baluchi customs and traditions are conducted according to codes imposed by tribal laws. These strong traditions and cultural values are important to Baluch people and have enabled them to keep their distinctive ancient cultural identity and way of life with little change to this day. The culture and traditions of the Baluch have historically been passed down from mother to daughter, and from father to son. The dress worn by Baluch women is one of the most interesting aspects of Baluchi culture. They are of strong significance to the culture of Iran and hold a special place in the society.

Kurdistan

Kurdistan province in western Iran on the borders with Iraq comes second in the list of largest Iranian Sunni community. Iranian Sunnis in Kurdistan are followers of Shafi’i school and from the Kurdish ethnicity. Most of the Iranian Sunni Kurds reside in Sanandaj, Sardasht, Marivan, Baneh and Naqdeh. While Iranian Shia Kurds are mainly in Ilam and Kermanshah province. Kurds are classified as an Iranian people. They speak Kurdish language which belongs to the northwestern sub‑group of the Iranian languages. Kurdistan has been historically part of Iran and Kurdish culture is closest to that of other Iranian peoples.

Western Azerbaijan province

Mahabad and Ushnoyeh and some other cities in Western Azerbaijan have Iranian Sunni communities. Majority of them are from Iranian Kurdish ethnic group while there is a minority of Iranian Sunni Turkish/Azeri among them as well.

Turkmen of Golestan

In northeast Iran province of Golestan, in Gonbad and Bandar Turkmen, the majority of population are followers of Hanafi school and of Turkmen ethnicity, an ethnic minority of Oghuz Turkish descent living in Iran.

Hormozgan Province

Iranian Sunnis in Hormozgan are of Persian and some of Arab ethnic group. Majority of Iranian Arabs are followers of Shia school but there is also minority of Iranian Sunni Arabs mainly in Hormozgan and few in Bushehr on the Persian Gulf seacoast. They speak a dialect of Arabic and are followers of Shafi’i school.

Cette statuette ne tient pas debout. Deux étaux métalliques sont nécessaires à son exposition, la partie supérieure de l’oeuvre étant trop pesante en proportion. A moins de supposer un support disparu, on peut en déduire que, contrairement à  aujourd’hui, cette statuette n’était pas primordialement faite pour être vue. 
Tout comme la fonction de cette sculpture du 4e millénaire avant notre ère nous est obscure, son esthétique est déconcertante pour un oeil contemporain. Il ne peut pas simplement y voir un corps de femme tant la forme qu’il contemple est éloignée de la collection des représentations concrètes qu’un esprit moderne range sous l’expression. De fait, nous voyons d’abord deux lobes de tubules gras et sinueux pressant une face poisson - un cerveau qui se serait extrait de son crâne et un visage qui aurait rétréci pour ne conserver que sa structure essentielle: son nez. Les seins, bombés comme des grenades, sont l’autre trait saillant de cette figurine. Dans l’esprit de celui qui l’a façonnée, il n’était manifestement ni utile ni sensé de développer les autres parties du corps : le menton et le front ont quasi-disparu ainsi que les bras ou le ventre. D’où le malaise du spectateur devant cette créature syncopée évoluant dans un rêve très ancien.

Text
Photo
Quote
Link
Chat
Audio
Video