Giant Neem Tree, Sentang

Azadirachta excelsa

Hardy, fast-growing, low-maintenance tree

Urban settings: 20-30m tall

Native: 40-50m tall, 4m girth 

Crown

  • unevenly rounded 

Fruit

  • scented like garlic when bruised or cut
  • Edible but not very tasty; eaten by birds and bats 

Trunk

  • brown or greyish 
  • flaky on older trees 

Interesting points:

  • Whole tree is rich in azadirachtin, which helps control insect pests. Hence, tree is increasingly used to produce biodegradable and environment-friendly insecticides. 
  • Seed oil is used to make soap 
  • Valuable timber
  • young shoots, leaves and flowers are eaten as vegetables 
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