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AFAR DEPRESSION; ERITREA, DJIBOUTI AND ETHIOPIA

The Afar Depression (aka the Danakil Depression) is a geological depression caused by the Afar Triple Junction, part of the Great Rift Valley. The Afar Depression overlaps Eritrea, Djibouti and the entire Afar Region of Ethiopia. The Afar Triangle includes the Danakil Depression and Lake Asal, which is the lowest point in Africa at 155 metres below sea level. The photo shows a hot spring within the Afar Depression. Dallol (https://www.facebook.com/photo.php?fbid=385595664834817&set=a.352867368107647.80532.352857924775258&type=3&theater) is also part of the depression. The floor of the Afar Depression is composed of mostly basaltic lava.

The name Afar Triangle refers to the area being the product of a tectonic triple junction, where the spreading mid ocean ridges that form the Red Sea and the Gulf of Aden emerge on land and meet the East African Rift. These three pieces of the Earth’s crust meet around Lake Abbe. Beneath this Lake is a source of volcanic heat which causes hot water to rise through the layers of salt and anhydride products. The area is extremely dry with annual rainfall average about 10 to 18 centimetres; temperatures range from 25°C in monsoons to 48°C in the dry season. Aside from Iceland, the Afar Depression is the only place on Earth where a mid-ocean ridge can be studied on land.

In the Depression itself, the Earth’s crust is rifting apart at the rate of 1-2 centimetres a year along each of the 3 rifts which form the triple junction. The consequence of this is a continuous sequence of earthquakes. Eruptions have occurred at Dabbahu and Erta Ale volcanoes (https://www.facebook.com/photo.php?fbid=380997365294647&set=a.352867368107647.80532.352857924775258&type=3&theater), as well as in Teru and Aura woredas. In 2005, 2.5 cubic kilometres of molten rock was injected into one of the plates along a dyke between depths of 2 and 9 km, forcing open an 8 metre wide gap on the surface, known as the Dabbahu fissure.

The area also contains many salt deposits; in some places the salt deposits are 5 km thick. The salt deposits have been created by water from the Red Sea flooding the Afar Depression and then evaporating. The Red Sea is expected, over millions of years, to erode through the highlands surrounding the Afar Depression and flood the valley. In 10 million years the whole 6,000 km of the East African Rift is expected to be submerged and form a new sea. 

Afar is also known as one of the cradles of hominids, containing the Middle Awash, the site of many fossil hominid discoveries such as Ardi, (Ardipithecus ramidus); the Gona (Gawis cranium); and Hadar, site of Lucy, the fossilised specimen of Australopithecus afarensis.

-TEL

Read more: http://ngm.nationalgeographic.com/2012/01/afar-depression/morell-texthttp://broadcanvas.blogspot.co.nz/2012/04/danakil-depression-hottest-place-on.html;http://www.nature.com/nature/journal/v442/n7100/full/nature04978.html
Photo: Carsten Peter for National Geographic
http://maxcdn.fooyoh.com/files/attach/images/1097/439/006/001/danakil.jpg

O
ther TES posts on this area:
http://on.fb.me/1r9pNGC
http://on.fb.me/1Cb148S
http://on.fb.me/1JwpjQU
http://on.fb.me/1CfddXC
http://on.fb.me/1GAJ87f

So I wrote a thing about Asal, my Inquisitor in Dragon Age: Inquisition. It’s been a while so apologies if it’s a bit repetitive or tiresome to read ;;

latinthropy skeletonquing tophatting elympion vestaloflight I figure you’d all be interested in reading

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Gambar tersebut di klaim sebagai Nabi Muhammad pada…

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Arts & Craft Ideas: http://www.craftsandfun.com/double-prong-alligator-clips-harga-asal-60sen-satu-saya-nak-letgo-35sen-satu-dengan-syarat-minimum-purchase-100pcs-tak-termasuk-harga-pos-whatsapp-0192222151-for-more-info-free-gift-if-u-purch/

Double prong alligator clips - Harga asal 60sen satu.. saya nak letgo 35sen satu dengan syarat minimum purchase 100pcs.. tak termasuk harga pos. Whatsapp 0192222151 for more info. Free gift if u purchase 500pcs !

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Oleh: Loanes Rakhmat

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Seorang wanita berinisial P (29), ditangkap oleh petugas kedapatan menyimpan 2 kotak kondom bersamanya. Bahkan petugas juga menemukan 6 buah kondom dalam tas yang diduga hendak digunakan.

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Asal Usul Marga Dou (窦): Nama marga: Dou Pinyin: Dòu Hanzi (Simplified): 窦 Hanzi (Traditional): 竇 Penulisan lain: Tou Si Shao Kang (姒少康) adalah penguasa keenam dari Dinasti Xia. Dia anak dari Si Xiang (姒相). Sang ayah tewas dalam pertempuran melawan dua anak Han Zhuo, yaitu Han Jiao dan Han Yi. Istri Si Xiang (姒相), Ratu Ji, yang saat itu […] Related posts:

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* Asal Usul Marga Duan (段) http://to.tionghoa.com/7vNXJQ