apriums

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Pluots, Apriums, Apriplums, and Plumcots

Plum (Prunus salicina or Prunus cerasifera) + Apricot (P. armeniaca)


These fruits are interspecific hybrids between plums and apricots, which occur naturally (plumcots/apriplums), but have also been bred (pluots/apriums). 

Occasionally a combination will produce fertile offspring, and the resulting tree is often further hybridised. Apriplums and Plumcots are generally first generation hybrids (F1), whereas Pluots and Apriums are complex hybrids (F2, or crossed again with a plum or apricot).

The names of the latter two complex hybrids–“Pluot” and “Aprium”–were trademarket by California’s prolific stone fruit (Prunus) breeder Chris “Floyd” Zaiger, of Zaiger’s Genetics. He also created the “Nectaplum” (nectarine x plum), and “Peacotum” (a complex hybrid of a peach x apricot x plum). The firm has recently developed “Plerries” and “Cherrums,” which are plum/cherry hybrids.

The genetic closeness of these trees, which allows them to hybridise with one another, is also the reason the can be grafted together, as can other Prunus  species like almonds and cherries.

Tree of 40 Fruit

Your can try and create hybrids like this in your yard, by planting different species of Prunus close together, grafting them to a single rootstock, or hand-pollinating them. After you eat the season’s fruit, makes sure to plant the pits in Autumn, and see what comes up next Spring!


Find Trees: Pluot, Aprium

Related: Breeding Avocados

#Prunus #fruit trees #hybrids #plant breeding #DIY

h/t to rebl-housewife-and-her-scientist for inspiring me to write about these.

apriums

I went to (my first) SF Food Swappers event last night. for the swap, I brought aprium bread pudding and aprium bars.

everyone kept asking (and you are probably wondering) - what is an aprium?

according to Wiktionary, it’s a three-quarters apricot. it’s mostly an apricot, with slight aftertastes of plumishness. they are perfect right now - still tart, perfect texture. in my book, great for desserts!

the aprium bar recipe was adapted from this recipe over at Smitten Kitchen, originally with a strawberry-rhubarb combo (yum). I made the crust a little bit too thin and the bars were crumbly, but so delicious! I loved the tartness of the fruit in contrast to the sweet crust and topping.

the bread pudding recipe is entirely fudged improvised. who doesn’t like this stuff, honestly. hey, it’s got bread in it. and pudding…?

pretty much apriums are the best scientifically engineered hybrid that ever existed. sorry, killer bees. you came in a close second.

The Southern Californian winter garden is a delicious one. Cabbage, broccoli, Brussels sprouts, and kale, carrots, beets, and radishes, onions and leeks, and an astounding array of lettuces can all be pulled from your garden’s soil. The winter is starting to come to a close but there remain plenty of options for the winter gardener. The time for tomatoes, peppers, squash and cucumber is just around the corner. A post on the summer vegetable garden is soon to come. But today’s late-winter gardener should focus on crops that grow quickly (to make room for soon-to-be-planted summer crops) and on planting fruit trees.

Late Winter Vegetables

Beets grown from seeds need thinning. Here, there are two plants germinating; pull the smaller one to allow the larger plant more room to grow!

These beets are ready for harvest!

Beautiful, home grown beets are easy to tend and lend themselves to a vareity of culinary uses.

Beets  – These root vegetables grow fairly quickly and will tolerate the heat if the weather warms up.  If you sow seeds today you could be eating beets by mid April. Chioggia is a great Italian variety that is sometimes called “Candy Cane” for its alternating rings of red and white flesh. Beet “seeds” are usually several seeds fused together. After your beets germinate be sure to thin your plants – each individual should be 4 – 6” from its neighbor.

These are Tonda di Parigi Carrots. Their blunt, marble shape make them perfect for a quick carrot crop or shallow soils.

Carrots – Homegrown carrots are incredibly sweet and tender. Seeds sown today could grow into nice sized vegetables by the middle of April. A great variety to try is Tonda di Parigi, a small marble shaped carrot that is great for shallow, rocky, or heavy soils. Be sure to keep your carrots seeds close to the surface. A covering of a 1/4” is plenty.

Lettuce germinating from seed. This should happen 7 to 10 days after sowing.

Leaf lettuce, crisp and ready for harvest.

Leaf Lettuce – The warm weather that we’ve been having and the impending increase in temperature are not ideal conditions to grow head-lettuce. Luckily, it is easy to cultivate young leaf lettuces that grow quickly and will grow back after harvest. Purchase three or four types of lettuce seed of varying type, colour, and texture. Sow these seeds very densely (3 – 4 seeds per square inch) and just barely cover them with soil. Keep them moist until some begin to germinate (4 – 7 days). After 28 – 40 days you should be ready for your first harvest. Use scissors or a very sharp knife to cut your lettuce 2” from the level of the soil. Harvest directly into the salad spinner, rinse, spin, and dress simply. These greens are gorgeous. The plants that you’ve cut should be ready for a second harvest in 10 – 14 days. Continue this until you’re sick of fresh greens (unlikely) or you’re ready to plant tomatoes!

Stone Fruit Trees

Bareroot trees aren’t impressive at first, but they’ll surprise you!

Bareroot tree in the ground.

Flowering stone fruit.

Late winter is the perfect time to plant a fruit tree in Southern California. Peach trees have been blooming recently and this signifies the beginning of a close to tree-planting season. Now is the time to act if you’ve thought of planting peaches, nectarines, plums, and apricots. If you haven’t considered adding these to your home landscape, you certainly should! Not only are the fruits of these trees delicious, a pruned stone-fruit tree is a beautiful thing.

Be sure to plant two different varieties if you want to grow apricots or plums. Both of these fruits require a second tree of a different variety planted nearby to ensure cross-pollination (and fruit!). If you have ONE of these trees and it isn’t bearing, cross-pollination is likely the issue.

You can definitely pick container-grown trees up from local garden centers. A better and sometimes less expensive option is to buy bare-root trees from the store or online. An excellent online retailer is Peaceful Valley Farm Supply – www.GrowOrganic.com.

Here are some of our favourite stone-fruit varieties:

Plums

Methley

Satsuma

Elephant Heart

Late Santa Rosa

Burgundy

Peaches

Red Baron

Double-Jewel

Eva’s Pride

Apricots and Apriums

Flavor Delight Aprium

Royal Blenheim Apricot

Good luck! And if you have issues with your vegetables or fruit trees please use the comments section below to post your questions/challenges. We’re happy to help!

And don’t forget, if you are interested in backyard gardening or urban farming, I will be hosting a FREE workshop this May at the Yorba Linda Public Library on seed saving. Check it out on Wednesday, May 14 at 7:00 p.m. in the Library’s community room.  (This class is in addition to a number of free cooking classes we will be offering at the Library throughout the spring!)

Happy planting!

~Jonathan Duffy Davis

Late Winter Gardening for the Southern California “Homestead” The Southern Californian winter garden is a delicious one. Cabbage, broccoli, Brussels sprouts, and kale, carrots, beets, and radishes, onions and leeks, and an astounding array of lettuces can all be pulled from your garden’s soil.
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Summer solstice may be six weeks away, but to us, the season begins with Uncle Vern’s certified organic apriums. First up: the Tasty Rich aprium, a favorite apricot-plum hybrid that resembles an apricot in appearance and flavor. (Later, we’ll see several varieties of pluots, a hybrid of the same two fruits, but that favors the plum.) David Karp’s LA Times photo shows an example of the pretty apriums that may appear at farmers markets for $3.00/lb or more. The apriums we’ll receive have been battered and scarred by hail, but their flavor is fully intact, and the price is right. Ugly fruit is beautiful to us!

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This unseasonably warm weather over on this side of the mountains means early organic fruit! Our Rock Island property is even earlier than our Wenatchee property and here’s proof! Pictured are our organic Rainier Cherries and our organic TastyRich Apriums that are growing like crazy!