The Earliest Greek Alphabet, Cyprus, c. 800 BC

The tablets are in Greek on copper, consisting of 2 tablets with 20-23 lines in archaic Greek capitals with some North Semitic (Phoenician) letter forms, written by 2 or more scribes. This is the oldest European alphabet, the oldest writing tablets extant, and part of the world’s oldest book in codex form. A third tablet originally bound with the present ones is housed at the University of Würzburg, Martin-von-Wagner-Museum; a fourth is owned by a private collector. The codex originally consisted of at least 5 tablets.

The tablets were made in Cyprus but were excavated in Fayum, Egypt. The alphabet on the plaques is now called the Fayum alphabet and the earliest Greek manuscript extant. It is an alphabet table that is contemporary with Homer and an amazing preservation of students’ learning of the Greek alphabet at the very inception of its use. Apart from the present manuscript, the oldest Greek inscription of any length is the Dipylon oinochoe from Athens, c. 740 BC.

Dozens of items uncovered at Paphos Agora site


Pottery of different categories, terracotta figurines, coins and metal objects, were found in a well excavated during the Paphos Agora Project, as part of archaeological investigations into what was once the ancient city of Nea Paphos, the capital of Cyprus in the Hellenistic and Roman periods.

According to the department of antiquities, during the fourth season the aim was not only to excavate and provisionally study the uncovered material, but also to conduct preservation work and to implement new, non-invasive research techniques already partly tested during the 2013 season. Read more.

Fuck your parliament and your constitution. America is an elephant. Cyprus is a flea. Greece is a flea. If these two fleas continue itching the elephant, they may just get whacked good …We pay a lot of good American dollars to the Greeks, Mr. Ambassador. If your Prime Minister gives me talk about democracy, parliament and constitution, he, his parliament and his constitution may not last long…

Lyndon B Johnson

By 1967, Greece was under a brutal military junta backed by the US from which it did not emerge for seven years.

Archaeological excavations reveal shops and building in Nea Pafos


An Australian archaeological excavation project at the site of the Hellenistic – Roman theatre of Nea Pafos has revealed a series of what is believed to be shops and another building.

The Australian team, which has been excavating at the UNESCO World Heritage site since 1995, conducted its excavations from August 16 to September 20, this year, a Department of Antiquities press release says.

The team was directed by Dr Craig Barker of the University of Sydney, while the excavations are supported by the Nicholson Museum at the University of Sydney and the Australian Archaeological Institute in Athens.

“Through the years of excavation of the ancient theatre, the team has uncovered architectural remains carved out of the bedrock of the southern slope of Fabrika hill, in the north-eastern quarter of the ancient walled city”, the press release says. Read more.