anwar sadat

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October 6, 1981 - Egyptian President Anwar Sadat is assassinated

Over his 11 years as Egypt’s third president, Mohamed Anwar al-Sadat charted a new course for the country.  He expelled Soviet advisors from Egypt and began to reform the economy. On October 6, 1973, he launched a surprise attack against Israeli forces in the Sinai in order to reclaim this Egyptian peninsula captured during the 1967 Six Day War. 

In spite of new western investment and U.S. aid, the economy continued to decline, resulting in work strikes and riots over food shortages. Sadat, convinced that war was too costly for his people, took an unprecedented step onto the world stage. He traveled to Jerusalem at the invitation of Israeli Prime Minister Menachem Begin and addressed the Israeli Knesset (parliament) on November 20, 1977, calling for peace in the Middle East.

The following year, the Camp David meetings began between Prime Minister Begin, President Sadat, and President Jimmy Carter.  Three scheduled days turned into thirteen intensely frustrating ones.  However, on September 17, 1978 the Camp David Accords were signed and the groundwork laid out for the Egyptian-Israeli Peace Treaty.  Both Sadat and Begin were awarded the 1978 Nobel Peace Prize for their negotiations.

Three years later, in 1981, President Sadat was killed by fundamentalists dissatisfied with the concessions that had been made in the peace process.

-from the Carter Library

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New Dimensions of a Relationship

President and Mrs. Ford welcomed President Anwar Sadat of Egypt and Mrs. Sadat to the White House on October 27, 1975. On that day President Sadat became the first Egyptian head of state to make an official visit the United States.

The leaders had met for the first time in June 1975 for talks in Salzburg, Austria, where they established “a warm personal friendship,” as President Ford said in remarks at the arrival. He also praised President Sadat’s leadership in the Middle East:

The United States Government respects your far­sighted statesmanship and wisdom, and your unswerving dedi­cation to the well being of the Egyptian people and to all of the Arab people. You, Mr. President, have helped to bring about historic new developments in the Middle East. It is our fervent hope that these developments will lead to a durable peace for all peoples of that region.

In his responding remarks President Sadat recognized America’s contributions to peace in his region, noting that “Great events have taken place in our area since our meeting and, thanks to you and to the people of the United States that are behind you and seeking peace, based on justice.”

Read the entire exchange of remarks.

The Assassination of Anwar Sadat, Cairo - 6 October 1981

Muttax84:

The NY Times report of the assassination said:

CAIRO, Oct. 6 — President Anwar el-Sadat of Egypt was shot and killed today by a group of men in military uniforms who hurled hand grenades and fired rifles at him as he watched a military parade commemorating the 1973 war against Israel.

Egypt’s treaties and international commitments would be respected. He said the Speaker of Parliament, Sufi Abu Taleb, would serve as interim President pending an election in 60 days.

The assassins’ bullets ended the life of a man who earned a reputation for making bold decisions in foreign affairs, a reputation based in large part on his decision in 1977 to journey to the camp of Egypt’s foe, Israel, to make peace.

Comme d'habitude
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  • Claude François
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Claude François - Comme d’habitude

Arthur got me to listen to this a few days ago, seems appropriate to stick it on the shelf today.

Egyptian-born French pop singer Claude Francois performed the original of “My Way”. The Frank Sinatra version is known in some circles to be a choice favourite of the late Anwar Sadat mirroring his unique guileful ways and the era of history replete with intrigue he left behind. Though he was absent from the 1979 Sinatra in Egypt concert, they certainly knew each other to warrant these words after his assassination on this day in 1981.

Comme d’habitude 1967

Peace Treaty between Egypt and Israel

On March 26, 1979, on the North Grounds of the White House, Presidents Jimmy Carter and Anwar Sadat and Prime Minister Menechem Begin joined hands in celebration of the signing of the “Treaty of Peace Between the Arab Republic of Egypt and the State of Israel.”

This is one of the most requested photographs from the Carter Library.

More — The Camp David Accords

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In June 2011, Sadolin Paints and the Goethe-Zentrum Kampala created the first Mabarti Challenge — Art in Public Space: 31 selected artists, both up-coming and with a broadly-based appreciation, painted to colour the every-day lives of Ugandans.

From 18th to 26th June 2011, the 31 works were painted across Kampala’s inner city on corrugated iron (known in Uganda as Mabaati Sheets) sheets, which are usually provided by Sadolin Paints to shield construction sites. They now are a landmark of the brightness and contrast art implements in public space.

A jury of five, consistent of Prof. Dr. George Kyeyune, Professor of Art at the Makerere University, artists Josephine Mukasa and Roshan Karmali and a representative of Sadolin and Goethe-Zentrum Kampala respectively, decided upon the four winners of the competition.

The works shown above are by, from the top down:

1. Anwar Sadat

2. Damba Ismail Musoke

3. David Kigozi

4. Ritah Nabuyungo Edopu

5. Farid Mahfudh

6. Ronex Ahimbisibwe

7. Sheila Nakitende

8. Zaenah Nabukenya

9. Xenson aka Samson Ssenkaaba

10. Ssali Yusuf

youtube

President Anwar Sadat van Egypte over de afgezette sjah van Perzië (nu Iran, onder de duim van de Ayatollah). De sjah wordt opgevangen door Sadat. Zowel Sadat als de sjah overlijden in de twee jaren die op dit interview volgden. De sjah overleed in 1980 aan kanker en Sadat werd in 1981 vermoord (1979).

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October 6, 1981: Egyptian president Anwar al-Sadat is assassinated in Cairo.

Anwar al-Sadat was a controversial figure in the Arab world; in 1979, he and Israeli Prime Minister Menachem Begin signed the Israel-Egypt Peace Treaty, which earned both of them a Nobel Peace Prize, but contributed to Egypt’s expulsion from the Arab League until 1989. His growing unpopularity finally resulted in his assassination during a celebratory parade in Cairo, when he and eleven others were killed by grenades and gunfire. The orchestrator of the assassination, Khalid Islambouli, along with three of his conspirators (all members of the Egyptian Islamic Jihad movement) were publicly executed.

Sadat’s funeral was attended by Gerald Ford, Jimmy Carter, and Richard Nixon, as well as numerous foreign dignitaries. Out of the Arab states, only Oman, Somalia, and Sudan sent representatives. He was succeeded by his vice-president, the recently ousted Hosni Mubarak.

Jehan Sadat

(English/Egyptian) [Egyptian]

Known as: Former First Lady of Egypt (Widow of President Anwar Sadat; Helped reform Egypt’s civil rights in the 1970’s; Founded the Arab-African Women’s League; Senior fellow at the University of Maryland, College Park; Author of “A Woman of Egypt” & “My Hope For Peace”; Awarded many international awards for public service and humanitarian efforts for women and children)

More Information: Jehan Sadat’s Official Site, Charlie Rose Interview: Jehan Sadat, CNN: Thirty years later, Sadat’s widow still hopes for peace, Jehan Sadat’s Wikipedia page


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Radio Zinhum - June (Sample)

راديو زينهم - مقطع يونيو

بدري شوية، الإذاعة بكاملها موجودة على الموقع

Finished this one a little early, full episode (incl. download) on website.

أنور سادات، عادل إمام، بليغ حمدي، مصطفى محمود، خالد مزنر، نجاة، إلياس رحباني وتسجيلات برية

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