Die Hard.

Some animals die harder than others. Hunters know this. You can shoot a buck right through the heart with a .308 and watch the animal charge away from the scene as if no worse for wear, only to find him crumpled in the undergrowth several miles away. 

Most of the time, when I’m looking down the barrel of a gun at a living target, it’s because that animal is suffering, and they tend to accept death with a somber readiness. That was not the case with the ram I was asked to butcher at the farm the other day. 

This was a young guy - a yearling, really, but with an awful temper and bad habit of trying to mount the females he was penned with, even when they wanted nothing to do with him. The family who owned him were all worried that he was going to cause somebody real physical harm, and needed him gone ASAP. 

They tied him to the fence, away from the road and other livestock, and laid out some grain for the bully-ram to eat. While he had his head down, I lined up the sights of my trust .22 Marlin 81-DL and fired. 

It’s easy to misjudge a headshot - So many people shoot right between the eyes. But that’s too low to take out an animal like a ram.

My first shot went right where I needed it to go, and I stood back after I’d fired, anticipating that he would fall instantly. I’d seen cows, llamas, and many other large animals go down from a single close-range shot with a .22 to the brain; I myself have pulled the trigger on a few of them.

But to my shock and amazement, the bully-ram still stood, staggering backward. I quickly dropped the bolt on the rifle, releasing the cartridge, and loaded another round, which I landed in the same place as the first. The ram’s knees buckled, but he stood back up again and swayed back and forth, so without pausing for a moment, I unloaded two more rounds into him. 

He finally collapsed, and though I knew he was in his death throes and couldn’t feel anything more, I emptied all the rest of my shots into him, more for my sake than for his. Seeing an animal die so hard, especially one with as much fire in his heart at that ram, haunts me. 

I understand, though, that this was unique situation; the ram was chock full of testosterone which likely sent his adrenaline levels through the roof, and he was not ready or wanting to die. A lesser warrior than him would have succumbed far sooner, but he fought his fate to the very end.

When he was finally gone, I rested my hand on his blood-streaked forehead and said a little prayer of sorts, letting him know that my intentions were good, and promising to use every part of him I could.

The farmers kept his hide, and Danny and I butchered up the carcass for meat. What we didn’t reserve for our own consumption, I gave to the dogs, who have now feasted and are resting well. I removed a bunch of fat (my gods, he had so much fat!) so that  I could render some tallow, and ended up making a bunch of candles, which I’ll be listing soon in the shop. 

I let one candle burn for the ram, bully he was, out of respect for his memory. 

It’s 2 am, I can’t sleep, and I’m this close to breaking down and reading all the glorious and terrible fanfic that has probably been written about Jupiter Ascending. 

A “were-jaguar” effigy, likely representing a combination of a human and spirit animal, is part of a still-buried ceremonial seat, or metate, one of many artifacts discovered in a cache in ruins deep in the Honduran jungle. 

An expedition to Honduras has emerged from the jungle with dramatic news of the discovery of a mysterious culture’s lost city, never before explored. The team was led to the remote, uninhabited region by long-standing rumors that it was the site of a storied “White City,” also referred to in legend as the “City of the Monkey God.”

Archaeologists surveyed and mapped extensive plazas, earthworks, mounds, and an earthen pyramid belonging to a culture that thrived a thousand years ago, and then vanished. The team, which returned from the site last Wednesday, also discovered a remarkable cache of stone sculptures that had lain untouched since the city was abandoned.

In contrast to the nearby Maya, this vanished culture has been scarcely studied and it remains virtually unknown. Archaeologists don’t even have a name for it.

Honduran troops lead a convoy through a town that served as the base for helicopters ferrying members of the expedition to a location in the Mosquitia rain forest where they examined ruins of an ancient city. 

Christopher Fisher, a Mesoamerican archaeologist on the team from Colorado State University, said the pristine, unlooted condition of the site was “incredibly rare.” He speculated that the cache, found at the base of the pyramid, may have been an offering.

"The undisturbed context is unique," Fisher said. "This is a powerful ritual display, to take wealth objects like this out of circulation."

The tops of 52 artifacts were peeking from the earth. Many more evidently lie below ground, with possible burials. They include stone ceremonial seats (called metates) and finely carved vessels decorated with snakes, zoomorphic figures, and vultures.

The most striking object emerging from the ground is the head of what Fisher speculated might be “a were-jaguar,” possibly depicting a shaman in a transformed, spirit state. Alternatively, the artifact might be related to ritualized ball games that were a feature of pre-Columbian life in Mesoamerica.

A stream winds through part of an unexplored valley in Mosquitia in eastern Honduras, a region long rumored to contain a legendary “White City,” also called the City of the Monkey God.

"The figure seems to be wearing a helmet," said Fisher. Team member Oscar Neil Cruz, head archaeologist at the Honduran Institute of Anthropology and History (IHAH), believes the artifacts date to A.D. 1000 to 1400.

The objects were documented but left unexcavated. To protect the site from looters, its location is not being revealed.

Former British Special Air Service (SAS) soldiers prepare a helicopter pilot for liftoff from a landing zone cleared for a team of scientists surveying a secret location in the Mosquitia jungle. The helicopter ferried people and supplies from its base.

Stories of “Casa Blanca” and a Monkey God

The ruins were first identified in May 2012, during an aerial survey of a remote valley in La Mosquitia, a vast region of swamps, rivers, and mountains containing some of the last scientifically unexplored places on earth.

For a hundred years, explorers and prospectors told tales of the white ramparts of a lost city glimpsed above the jungle foliage. Indigenous stories speak of a “white house” or a “place of cacao” where Indians took refuge from Spanish conquistadores—a mystical, Eden-like paradise from which no one ever returned.

Since the 1920s, several expeditions had searched for the White City, or Ciudad Blanca. The eccentric explorer Theodore Morde mounted the most famous of these in 1940, under the aegis of the Museum of the American Indian (now part of the Smithsonian Institution).

Former British SAS soldier Andrew Wood hacks through thick foliage to clear a way for scientists to investigate an archaeological site first identified using an aerial imaging technology called lidar.

Morde returned from Mosquitia with thousands of artifacts, claiming to have entered the City. According to Morde, the indigenous people there said it contained a giant, buried statue of a monkey god. He refused to divulge the location out of fear, he said, that the site would be looted. He later committed suicide and his site—if it existed at all—was never identified.

More recently, documentary filmmakers Steve Elkins and Bill Benensonlaunched a search for the lost city.

They identified a crater-shaped valley, encircled by steep mountains, as a possible location.

Archaeologist Oscar Neil Cruz of the Honduran Institute of Anthropology and History examines a building stone discovered during a foray to a location identified by lidar as a place of interest. Several such construction stones, apparently shaped by hand, were found in a row at the top of what appears to be an ancient plaza.

To survey it, in 2012 they enlisted the help of the Center for Airborne Laser Mapping at the University of Houston. A Cessna Skymaster, carrying a million-dollar lidar scanner, flew over the valley, probing the jungle canopy with laser light. lidar—”Light Detection and Ranging”—is able to map the ground even through dense rain forest, delineating any archaeological features that might be present.

Frequent rains turned the expedition camp into a sea of mud.

When the images were processed, they revealed unnatural features stretching for more than a mile through the valley. When Fisher analyzed the images, he found that the terrain along the river had been almost entirely reshaped by human hands.

The evidence of public and ceremonial architecture, giant earthworks and house mounds, possible irrigation canals and reservoirs, all led Fisher to conclude that the settlement was, indeed, a pre-Columbian city.

Former British SAS commando Steve “Sully” Sullivan (right) waits while the scientific team puzzles over a construction stone that they believe was carved by members of a vanished civilization yet to be identified.

Threatened by Deforestation

An archaeological discovery isn’t confirmed until it has been “ground-truthed.” The ground exploration team consisted of American and Honduran archaeologists, a lidar engineer, an anthropologist, an ethnobotanist, documentary filmmakers, and support personnel. Sixteen Honduran Special Forces soldiers provided security. The National Geographic Society sent a photographer and a writer.

The expedition confirmed on the ground all the features seen in the lidar images, along with much more. It was indeed an ancient city. Archaeologists, however, no longer believe in the existence of a single “lost city,” or Ciudad Blanca, as described in the legends. They believe Mosquitia harbors many such “lost cities,” which taken together represent something far more important—a lost civilization.

Anna Cohen, a University of Washington anthropology graduate student, documents a cache of more than 50 artifacts discovered in the jungle. Following scientific protocol, no objects were removed from the site. The scientists hope to mount an expedition soon to further document and excavate the site before it can be found by looters.

The valley is densely carpeted in a rain forest so primeval that the animals appear never to have seen humans before. An advance team clearing a landing zone for helicopters supplying the expedition noted spider monkeys peering down curiously from the trees above, and guinea hen and a tapir wandering into camp, unafraid of the human visitors.

"This is clearly the most undisturbed rain forest in Central America," said the expedition’s ethnobotanist, Mark Plotkin, who spent 30 years in Amazonia. "The importance of this place can’t be overestimated."

The region also is gravely threatened. Deforestation for ranching has checkerboarded the jungle to within a dozen miles of the valley. Huge swaths of virgin rain forest are being cut illegally and burned to make way for cattle. The region has become one of the biggest beef-producing areas in Central America, supplying meat to fast-food franchises in the United States.

Virgilio Paredes Trapero, the director of the IHAH, under whose auspices the expedition operated, spent several days at the site. He concluded: “If we don’t do something right away, most of this forest and valley will be gone in eight years.” He spread his hands. “The Honduran government is committed to protecting this area, but doesn’t have the money. We urgently need international support.”

In addition to looting, another threat to the newly discovered ruins is deforestation for cattle ranching, seen here on a hillside on the way to the site. At its present pace, deforestation could reach the valley within a few years. 

The expedition was made possible with the permission, partnership, and support of the government of Honduras; Honduran President Abogado Juan Orlando Hernández Avarado;  Virgilio Paredes Trapero, director of the Honduran Institute for Anthropology and History (IHAH); Oscar Neil Cruz, hief of the Archaeology Division of IHAH, as well as Minister of Defense Samuel Reyes and the Armed Forces of Honduras under the command of Gen. Fredy Santiago Díaz Zelaya, with Gen. Carlos Roberto Puerto and Lt. Col. Guillermo Oseguera, and the soldiers of TESON, Honduran Special Forces.


So, I just reached 1,000 followers on here and now that I think about it, I don’t know what I’m really doing with my life. haha. (ノ◕ヮ◕)ノ*:・゚✧

Here’s the stuff I’m giving away:

  • One Blue 3DS XL with Animal Crossing: New Leaf and Shin Megami Tensei IV (comes with Shingeki No Kyojin and Lucario decal and Protective case and screens)
  • One Polaroid Sun 600 LMS
  • One Polaroid SX-70 One-Step Land camera
  • Kingdom Hearts, Kingdom Hearts Chain of Memories, Kingdom Hearts 2, along with Kingdom Hearts and Kingdom Hearts 2 Strategy Guides
  • Avatar The Last Airbender The Search Part 1-3
  • 3 Gameboy SP’s (each winner of the three will choose one Gameboy Color and one Gameboy Advanced game)
  • Assorted Plugs: The Lucky Cat and silicone tunnels are 1/2”
    The white double flared, stainless steel single flared, and Totoro and No Face plugs are all 7/16”
    The Ice King and Marceline plugs are 00g
    The smallest Totoro plugs (bottom right) are 0g
    All of the body jewelry have been thoroughly cleaned.

-Must be following me (I will be checking to see if the selected winners are following).
-Reblog this post. You can reblog as many times as you want, you’ll have better odds of winning.
-You can like this post too as a bookmark, but LIKES WONT BE COUNTED.
-You have until May 23, 2014 to reblog this post
-I will choose 9 winners (at random, using a follower generator) at random on May 24, 2014 and message them (this means that you should probably have your ask box open).
If the winners don’t reply within a week, then I will have to choose another winner.
The winners must also be comfortable with giving me their full name and address. Make sure to ask your parents if you are under 18.
**-If one of the winners has received plugs as their prize, and doesn’t wear plugs/gauges  I will have to select another winner until I find someone that does. Unless you don’t wear plugs/gauges and you want them anyways.

This giveaway will be shipped EVERYWHERE. LITERALLY EVERYWHERE. YOU LIVE ON NAMEK? I’LL SHIP IT THERE. But really, I will ship worldwide.

If you have any questions, feel free to message me! Good luck everybody (✿◠‿◠)


Disney’s Ladies

This is a collage of all of the female characters in chronological order in all Disney Films (excluding Studio Ghibli).

Note: I included all human-esque characters so no talking animals. If the character is an animal but acts and talks like a human (Maid Marrion), I included them. But I didn’t include female animals that act like animals but can talk. This is a collage of just Disney’s ladies and not animals. I’m hoping I didn’t forget any characters but that is possible. I grouped some characters if it was easier and if it was hard to find pictures of them separated. Also, I wrote all the movies that were included in that picture as a caption if you’re wondering. 


Artist & Photographer:

Raffaello De Vito



APPARATI "Nel precedente lavoro "APPARTENENZE" l’intento è documentare l’evidente. Una registrazione visiva e oggettiva, priva di ogni interpretazione, di persone che condividono un territorio, un luogo. Credo che la fotografia debba essere poesia e che la poesia debba suggerire il mistero. Molte sono le definizioni di mistero e tutte hanno a che vedere con la nozione del nascosto, del segreto. Per Heidegger il mistero è inerente all’essenza della verità. In questo lavoro “APPARATI” dove la rappresentazione oggettiva di organi (lingua, cuore, occhi….)  è palese, anziché limitarsi a rivelare ciò che in natura è nascosto, ne evoca il mistero, Il mistero dell’ordinario che pone nuovi interrogativi.” APPARATI [APPARATUS] "In my previous work "APPARTENENZE"  my intent was documenting obviousness.  A visual and objective entry,  devoid of any interpretation,  of people who share an habitat, a place.  I believe that photography should be poetry  and that poetry should suggest mystery.  There are many explanations of mystery and they all have to do with the concept of hidden, of secret.  According to Heidegger, mystery is about truth’s essence.  In this work “APPARATI”  where the objective representation of organs  (tongue, heart, eyes…)    is clear, rather than merely revealing what in nature  is hidden, it evokes mystery,  the mystery of the ordinary that raises new questions.”