ca. 1860-70’s, [carte de visite portrait of Olive Oatman, Survivor of the Oatman Massacre and held five years in captivity by Yavapais indians]

"In 1851 Olive Oatman survived the brutal massacre of most of her family by the Yavapais in Arizona and was held in captivity for five years. While in captivity she was tattooed on her face and arms in the tribal tradition.”

via Heritage Auctions

The inscription reads: “My very first success in Photography.” 

A bit out of focus and smeared with chemical streaks, these technical mistakes only make her first “successful” print more charming.

The artist was 48 when she made her first photograph, and she continued to photograph Victorian England to make images that combined “the real and Ideal.”

Annie, January 1864, Julia Margaret Cameron. J. Paul Getty Museum.

ca. 1900, [albumen portrait of Cherry Kearton standing on his brother Richard’s shoulders to take a picture of a bird’s nest]

The brothers were pioneers of wildlife photography, and in 1892, took the first ever photograph of a bird’s nest with eggs. In 1899 they published “With Nature and a Camera”, illustrated with 160 photographs. Richard went on to develop the ‘photographic hide’ after a series of experiments, one of which involved hiding in a stuffed ox in order to obtain better pictures.

via the National Media Museum, Royal Photographic Society

Here is a list of the most common by-products that sneak into the food we eat and cosmetics we use. Since this list is so long. This post will be split up into three parts. Part ONE (A-K)

1⃣  Albumen {Albumin} - In eggs, milk, muscles, blood, and many vegetable tissues and fluids. In cosmetics, albumen is usually derived from egg whites and used as a coagulating agent. In cakes, cookies, candies, etc. Egg whites sometimes used in “clearing” wines.

2⃣  Carmine. Cochineal. Carminic Acid - Red pigment from the crushed female cochineal insect. Reportedly, 70,000 beetles must be killed to produce one pound of this red dye. Used in cosmetics, shampoos, red apple sauce, and other foods (including red lollipops and food coloring).

3⃣  Casein. Caseinate. Sodium Caseinate - Milk protein. In “nondairy” creamers, soy cheese, many cosmetics, hair preparations, beauty masks.

4⃣  Elastin - Protein found in the neck ligaments and aortas of cows. Similar to collagen.

5⃣   Gelatin - Protein obtained by boiling skin, tendons, ligaments, and/or bones in water. From cows and pigs. Used in shampoos, face masks, and other cosmetics. Used as a thickener for fruit gelatins and puddings (e.g., Jell-O). In candies, marshmallows, cakes, ice cream, yogurts. On photographic film and in vitamins as a coating and as capsules. Sometimes used to assist in “clearing” wines.

6⃣  Glycerin. Glycerol - A byproduct of soap manufacture (normally uses animal fat). In cosmetics, foods, mouthwashes, chewing gum, toothpastes, soaps, ointments, medicines, lubricants, transmission and brake fluid, and plastics. Derivatives: Glycerides, Glyceryls, Glycreth-26, Polyglycerol.

7⃣  Isinglass - A form of gelatin prepared from the internal membranes of fish bladders. Sometimes used in “clearing” wines and in foods.

8⃣  Keratin - Protein from the ground-up horns, hooves, feathers, quills, and hair of various animals. In hair rinses, shampoos, permanent wave solutions.

✳ For a full list of animal ingredients download the “Animal-Free" app on iPhone/android.

Part One (A-K)

➡ Part Two (L-R)

➡ Part Three (S-W) #vegansofig