Such is the greatness of this day for indeed, in it lies sublime rewards and forgiveness from Allāh.

The excellence of this day, purifying oneself on this day and the prayer called salatul-jumu’āh were mentioned in a variety of ahadīth;

• On purifying oneself on this day

[1] Abu Hurairah (RA) narrates that Muhammad ﷺ said once in a Friday;

"O Community of Muslims! Allāh has made this day an ‘Eid for you, so take a bath and heedfully brush your teeth with Siwāk (toothstick)."

[2] Abu Umāmah (RA) narrates that Muhammad ﷺ said;

"Indeed the bath, taken on Friday, removes sins even to the extent of removing the roots of the hair."

[3] Salmān Al Fārsī (RA) narrates that Muhammad ﷺ said;

"A person who takes a bath on Friday, and purifies himself as much as he can, applies oil to his hair, or uses the perfume available in his house, then goes to the masjid and without squeezing two persons and prays what is prescribed for him, and then listen to the Khutbah of the Imām silently and attentively, his sins are forgiven from this Friday to the last one."

[4] Abu Ayyūb Al Ansārī (RA) narrates: I heard Muhammad ﷺ saying;

"Anyone who takes a bath on Friday, and uses perfume if he has any, and wears his best clothes and then comes out until he reaches the masjid and offers the prescribed Salāt and does not hurt anyone, and keeps silent from the time the Imām comes out for the Khutbah (Sermon) till he finishes the Salāt, it is an atonement for his sins from this Friday to the last one."

• On praying Salātul-Jumu’ah 


[5] Abu Hurairah (RA) narrates that Muhammad ﷺ said;

"Anyone who performs wudhū and performs it properly then comes to the Friday Salāt, listens to the Khutbah (sermon) attentively, and remains silent, his sins between this Friday and the last one are forgiven; and alos (the sins) for the additional days. But he who touches the pebbles during the Khutbah (plays with them with his hands, or floor-mats or clothes) then he has acted irrelevantly (due to which he lost the special reward for the Friday Salāt)"

[6] ‘Abdullāh ibn ‘Amr (RA) narrates that Muhammad ﷺ said;

"One who takes bath on Friday properly and perfectly and goes very early for Friday Salāt, sits very close (to the Imām), and listens (to the sermon) attentively, and remains silent, then for each step of his, gets reward of one year’s salāt at night and one year’s fasting."

[7] Aws ibn Aws Thaqafī (RA) narrates; I heard Muhammad ﷺ saying;

"He who takes bath properly and perfectly on Friday, hastens to the masjid very early and goes on foot, not riding, sits close to the Imām and listens (to the sermon) attentively, does not speak at all, then for each step he will get the reward of one year’s fasting and one year of offering Salāt at night."

[8] Yazīd ibn ‘Abī Maryam (Rahimahullāh) narrates: ‘Abaya ibn Rafi (Rahimahullāh) met me, when I was going to Friday Salāt on foot and he said: Glad tidings for you, indeed these steps of yours are in the Path of Allāh; I heard Abā ‘Abs (RA) saying that Muhammad ﷺ said;

"He whose feet are covered with dust in the Path of Allāh, those (feet) are forbidden on the Hell-Fire."

[9] Abu Hurairah (RA) narrates that Muhammad ﷺ said;

"When it is a Friday, the angels stand at the door of the masjid recording the names of those who come first, and then those who follor. And he who comes early is treated like one sacrificing a camel, net is like one who sacrifices a cow, next a sheep, next a hen and next an egg. When the Imām comes out (for giving the sermon), the angels fold up the register and become busy in listening to the sermon."

• Excellence of this day

[10] Abu Lubāba ibn ‘Abdul Mundhir (RA) narrates that Muhammad ﷺ said;

"Friday is the chief of the days, and most dignified among the days in the sight of Allāh Subhānahū wa Ta’ālā. This day is greater than ‘Ēid-ul-Adha and ‘Ēid-ul-Fitr in Allāh’s sight. It has five attributes: On this day Allāh created Ādam ‘Alaihissalām; on this day Allāh sent down Ādam ‘Alaihissalām to the earth; on this day Allāh seized Ādam ‘Alaihissalām in death; it contains a certain hour at which no slave asks Allāh for anything unlawful; and on this day the Last Hour will come. All His preferred angels, the sky, the earth, the winds, the mountains and the oceans fear the day of Friday (as on this day Resurrection will take place). "

[11] Abu Hurairah (RA) narrates that Muhammad ﷺ said;

"None of the days, on which the sun rises and sets, is better than Friday. All living creatures fear the day of Friday except the two burdensome classes, Human beings and Jinns."

[12] Abu Sa’īd Al Khudrī (RA) and Abu Hurairah (RA) that Muhammad ﷺ said;

"There is a specific time on Friday in which whatever a Muslim slave asks from Allāh ‘Azza wa Jall. He grants it to him and this is after ‘Astr."

[13] Abu Mūsā Al Ash’arī (RA) narrates: I heard Muhammad ﷺ saying (mentioning the specific time on Friday in which Du’ā is accepted); "It occurs between the time when the Imām sits down fro Khutbah till the end of Salāt"

Note: There are many other ahādīth ascertaining the hour of acceptance of a supplication on Fridays. Hence, the whole day of Friday should be utilized in worship and supplication.  

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and we pray that Allāh accepts our prayers on this beautiful day and grant us His Mercy. Amīn.

Zohayma

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F.N.

[1] Tabarānī | Majma’uz-Zawaīd
[2] Tabarānī | Majma’uz-Zawaīd
[3] Bukharī
[4] Musnad Ahmad
[5] Muslim
[6] Musnad Ahmad
[7] Abu Dawūd
[8] Tirmidhī
[9] Bukharī
[10} Ibn Mājah
[11] Ibn Hibbān
[12] Musnad Ahmad | Fath-ur-Ribbān
[13] Muslim | Nawawi 

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