David Hammons grew up in Illinois, but he moved to New York City when he was in his thirties. That is where his “African American Flag” hangs - above The Studio Museum of Harlem. Even though Hammons isn’t originally from New York, I think the fact that he places his art there shows that the city has become a part of his culture.
The Pan African Flag was unveiled to the world by Marcus Garvey and the UNIA-ACL at its international convention in 1920. This flag has hold on proudly for over nine decades under different titles: African-American flag, Pan-African flag, RBG Flag, African-American Flag, UNIA flag, Marcus Garvey flag, Black Liberation Flag, Black Power Flag, etc.
June 12, 1917 (96 Years Ago) - Founding Meeting of Hubert Harrison’s Liberty League, First Organization of the Militant “New Negro Movement”
On June 12, 1917, a rally at Harlem’s Bethel African Methodist Episcopal Church, at 52-60 W. 132nd Street off Lenox Avenue, drew 2,000 people to the founding meeting of Hubert Harrison’s “Liberty League,” the first organization of the militant “New Negro Movement.” The audience rose in support as Harrison demanded “that Congress make lynching a Federal crime,” urged support of resolutions calling for enforcement of the thirteenth, fourteenth and fifteenth amendments (outlawing slavery, establishing national citizenship and equal protection, and guaranteeing the right to vote), and called for democracy for “Negro-Americans.”
Scheduled speakers at the event included Harrison, the young activist Chandler Owen, Dr. Adam Clayton Powell, Sr. (the pastor of the Abyssinian Baptist Church on West 40th St.), and other prominent ministers and laymen. Other speakers included a young lawyer, James C. Thomas, Jr. who, later in the year, would run unsuccessfully for Alderman in Manhattan’s 26th district, and Marcus Garvey, a relatively unknown former printer from Jamaica, who had spent some time in Costa Rica, England, and touring the United States.
Harrison made clear that this “New Negro Movement” was “a breaking away of the Negro masses from the grip of old-time leaders—none of whom was represented.”
The Liberty League, in June 1917, also adopted a tricolor flag. Because of the “Negro’s” “dual relationship to our own and other peoples,” explained Harrison, “[we] adopted as our emblem the three colors, black brown and yellow, in perpendicular stripes.” These colors were chosen because the “black, brown and yellow, [were] symbolic of the three colors of the Negro race in America.” They were also, he suggested, symbolic of people of color world-wide. It was from this black, brown, and yellow tri-color that Marcus Garvey would later, according to Harrison, draw the idea for the red, black, and green tri-color racial flag which the UNIA would popularize, and which later would become identified as Black liberation colors.
While the June 12 meeting at Bethel Church formally founded the Liberty League, it was a July 4, 1917, rally at the Metropolitan Baptist Church on 138th Street between Lenox and Seventh Avenues, which drew national attention to the organization and saw the first edition of the Hubert Harrison-edited newspaper “The Voice: A Newspaper for the New Negro.”
Information on the founding of the Liberty League and “The Voice” and on the Declaration, Petition, and Resolutions of the Liberty League can be found here.
What blood was shed establishing the ”New World” ?
How many Africans were Murdered, Raped , and Dehumanized in order to establish the “Great Nation” of America?
When you take pride in being American what are you really taking pride in?
Genocide? Enslavement? Hypocrisy?
As a Black person honoring the American flag would mean Honoring the rape, robbery and murder of your ancestors. “I’m so happy this nation was established by you colonizing Africans and enslaving my people for 500 years. Thank You. God Bless America ” Turn down for what?!……………………………………………………..