The Ofuna Roster: “Every man who was there has a unique story to tell”
Today is National POW/MIA Recognition Day. In recognition of those who suffered as POWs in WWII, we would like to highlight a special recent addition to the Museum’s collection and the wonderful connections that the donation of this material set into motion.
We are contacted daily by families of those who served in WWII with questions about artifacts in their possession. In May 2014, Phyllis Parr reached out to the Museum about an artifact from her father’s service.
Phyllis’ father, Phil “Bo” Perabo was from Tupelo, Mississippi and served as a pilot in both the Battle of the Atlantic and in the Pacific. Perabo flew off of theBogue, theCardand theBennington. Perabo was captured after bailing out on a mission to Japan, after swimming eight hours to reach the shore. He was taken to Ofuna POW camp where he was reunited with his childhood friend Dave “Son” Puckett, also an aviator who had been captured months earlier.
While at Ofuna—which has received recent news attention because it also became home to Olympic runner Louis Zamperini whose story is told in the bestselling book Unbroken, soon to be a major motion picture—just after liberation, Perabo compiled a roster of all of those confined there, having each man sign in his own hand, his name, unit, and hometown. The roster lists 135 men, predominantly Naval aviators.
Phyllis said about the roster, “My family and I have always believed that the roster does not belong to us alone but to all the families of the men who were at Ofuna.” This led to some citizen archivist work. Phyllis sent out over twenty letters to any former prisoners or their descendants that she could track down. In her letter she told about her dad, about the Ofuna roster and her plans to donate the item to The National WWII Museum. Several people responded to the letter— some with their own stories of their father’s experiences.
On August 8th, having learned of the roster and its placement at the Museum, we received a visit from three grandsons of the late Ofuna POW Forrest E. McCormick. Forrest E. McCormick was a flier in the VF-17 Squadron based on the USS Hornet. It was a miracle, McCormick survived to make it to the Ofuna camp. He had bailed out over a Japanese beach having been shot and having broken his arm at the elbow. A village doctor saved him from villagers bent on beating him to death. After the ordeal in Ofuna his grandson Evan McCormick wrote, “his left arm was 3 inches shorter than his right the rest of his life and instead of the 6, 3’’ height he went to war as, he stood around 6 ft the rest of his life… The happy ending to all this is that he made it back, had four kids, and lived a good life.” It was a profound experience, and seeing the roster was the highlight of the McCormick brothers’ trip.
Phil Perabo passed away on May 18, 2014, just three days after his daughter and I visited and spoke about his experiences. We are grateful to him and to his daughter for documenting his experience and for sharing that documentation with the Museum and others.
German soldiers man an MG 34 (Maschinengewehr 34) recoil-operated machine gun, taking cover on the side of a house in Rahachow during the German invasion of the Soviet Union (Operation Barbarossa). Rahachow, Gomel Region, Belarus, Soviet Union. July 1941.
I had the great fortune of seeing a B-17 this morning at an executive airport just south of Raleigh. This particular B-17 was used in the filming of the Memphis Belle movie from back in the early 1990’s. What a gorgeous warbird.
Soviet soldiers are photographed on the streets of the Czech village of Cotkytle following the Soviet liberation of the region from the Germans. The soldier in the foreground carries with him an Waffen-SS dagger affixed to his belt, taken as a souvenir. Cotkytle, Pardubice Region, Czechoslovakia (now, Czech Republic.) May 1945.
The “Viper” was designed in 1945 by Derek Alfred Hutton-Williams and was his attempt to meet the specifications set by the Ordnance Board for a service submachine gun. Although technically the Viper was a submachine gun, it was designed to be used more like a machine pistol. The shoulder stock was to facilitate for one-handed firing and the magazine (a German MP-40 mag) doubled as the pistol grip. The safety was not a switch but a button, which was pressed down fully for automatic fire and pressed down half-way for single shots. Despite the interesting design of the Viper, it was rejected after extensive tests. These days a weapon could be made with half the size and twice the accuracy.
Portrait of a French soldier of the Free French Forces drinking water from a flask after a meal during the Western Desert Campaign following the capture of the Libyan province of Fezzan from the Axis Italians by the Free French Forces and soldiers from the British Long Range Desert Group. Near Murzuk, Fezzan, Libya. March 1942.
El Marmon Herrington CTLS es ese tanque o vehiculo blindado a cadenas que no gano grandes batallas pero en el primer momento estaba ahí.
Lo utilizaba los US MARINE CORPS en Alaska y en las islas Aleutianas, tambien lo utilizo Holanda en sus islas del pacifico pero este vehiculo poco podia hacer con la de tropas Japonesas que estaban conquistando medio Pacifico y Asia.
U.S. Marines wash laundry on a makeshift washing machine after the United States successfully defeated Japanese during the Battle of Eniwetok Atoll in February 1944. Eniwetok Atoll, Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands (now, Marshall Islands). June 1944. Image taken by Charles Jacobs.