To combat her constant epileptic seizures, Addyson Benton’s family relocated to just outside Denver, Colorado, where they could legally purchase a marijuana-extract specially designed for Addyson using THCA, a biosynthetic precursor of THC, the active component of cannabis. Within hours of taking the patch, Addyson’s health took a 180 — and improved several common functions.
From 2009 to 2013, the research schooner Tara traversed the globe, carrying a multinational team of scientists. They surveyed the critical foundation of the marine food chain (a foundation we know dangerously little about): plankton, bacteria, protists, viruses and small animals. All in all, they found more 35,000 different kinds of organisms — many of them previously unknown to science. Read all about it!
Top photo: Tara in the Arctic Ocean (A.Deniaud/Tara Expéditions)
Photo 2: Plankton collected in the Pacific Ocean. (Christian Sardet/CNRS/Tara Expéditions)
Photo 3: A male Sapphirina copepod collected in the Mediterranean sea. (Christian Sardet/CNRS/Sharif Mirshak/Parafilms/Tara Expéditions)
Photo 4: A tiny
crustacean copepod, a spider crab larva, an amphipod, a baby squid, a Phronima amphipod, and
an Atlantic pteropod mollusc. (Christian Sardet/CNRS/Tara Expéditions)
Photo 5: A small medusa (a relative of the jellyfish) collected in the Mediterranean sea. (bepoles/Tara Expéditions)
Map of the voyage, based on a graphic by bepoles/Tara Expéditions.
In 1780 the Italian anatomy professor Luigi Galvani discovered that a
spark of electricity could cause the limbs of a dead frog to twitch.
Soon men of science throughout Europe were repeating his experiment, but
it didn’t take them long to bore of frogs and turn their attention to
more interesting animals. What would happen, they wondered, if you
electrified a human corpse?
The simple coalescence of a drop with a pool is more complicated than the human eye can capture. Fortunately, we have high-speed cameras. Here a droplet coalesces by what is known as the coalescence cascade. Because it has been dropped with very little momentum, the droplet will initially bounce, then seem to settle like a bead on the surface. A tiny film of air separates the drop and the pool at this point. When that air drains away, the drop contacts the pool and part–but not all!–of it coalesces. Surface tension snaps the remainder into a smaller droplet which follows the same pattern: bounce, settle, drain, partially coalesce. This continues until the remaining droplet is so small that it can be coalesced completely. (Image credit: Laboratory of Porous Media and Thermophysical Properties, source video)
Octopuses are well known for changing the colour, patterning, and
texture of their skin to blend into their surroundings and send signals
to each other, an ability that makes them both the envy of, and
inspiration for, army engineers trying to develop cloaking devices. As
if that wasn’t already impressive enough, research published today in
the Journal of Experimental Biology shows that octopus skin contains the pigment proteins found in eyes, making it responsive to light.
Reference: Ramirez, M. D. & Oakley, T. H. (2015). Eye-independent,
light-activated chromatophore expansion (LACE) and expression of
phototransduction genes in the skin of Octopus bimaculoides. J. Exp. Biol. doi: 10.1242/jeb.110908.
The common octopus (Octopus vulgaris). New research shows that
octopus skin contains the light-sensitive opsin protein, suggesting that
these clever cephalopods can “see” without using their eyes.
Photograph: Dave King/Getty Images/Dorling Kindersley
An Extraordinary Glimpse into the First 21 Days of a Bee’s Life in 60 Seconds
In an attempt to better understand exactly what happens as a bee grows from an egg into an adult insect, photographer Anand Varma teamed up with the bee lab at UC Davis to film the first three weeks of a bee’s life in unprecedented detail, all condensed into a 60-second clip. The video above presented by National Geographic doesn’t include commentary, but Varma explains everything in a TED talk included below. The primary goal in photographing the bees was to learn how they interact with an invasive parasitic mite that has quickly become the greatest threat to bee colonies. Scientists have learned to breed mite-resistant bees which they are now trying to introduce into the wild. Learn more about it in this video: