The Tower of Babel (Hebrew: מגדל בבל Migdal Bavel Arabic: برج بابل Burj Babil) according to the Book of Genesis, was an enormous tower built in the plain of Shinar (Hebrew: שנער). The phrase “The Tower of Babel” does not actually appear in the Bible; it is always, “the city and its tower” (אֶת-הָעִיר וְאֶת-הַמִּגְדָּל) or just “the city” (הָעִיר). It is thought that the city received the name “Babel”, from the Hebrew word “balal”, meaning to jumble.
According to the biblical account, a united humanity of the generations following the Great Flood, speaking a single language and migrating from the east, came to the land of Shinar, where they resolved to build a city with a tower that reached the heavens. God seeing this project was affronted with the audacity of humanity thus resolved to confound their speech by creating thousands of different languages so that the people would not be able to communicate effectively to complete their goal. The result was humanity scattering itself across the world, taking their individual languages with them whilst the tower remained unfinished.