November-18

November 18, 1883: Railroads Create the First Time Zones

On this day in 1883, American and Canadian railroads began using four continental time zones. This stemmed from schedulers’ confusion transporting passengers across thousands of local times. Most towns in the United States had their own local times based on “high noon” when the sun reached its highest point in the sky.

The railroad companies created the new time coding system without assistance from the federal government. Most Americans and Canadians embraced the time zones since railroads were the primary link between the two countries. Congress did not officially adopt the time zones until 1918 under the Interstate Commerce Commission.

Check out American Experience’s “Streamliners” timeline of significant events related to the development of American railroads.

Photo:  Railroads. Men working on locomotive II, ca. 1920-ca. 1950. (Library of Congress)

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One Direction arriving at the Where We Are Book Signing in London - November 18, 2013. #7

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One Direction at the Where We Are Book Signing in London - November 18, 2013. #16

A Day In The Life - 18th November 1963: EMI presents The Beatles with silver discs.

The Beatles have a day off from their 1963 Autumn Tour on this day but, rather than spend it relaxing, they attend a ceremony held at EMI House in London, where they are given a number of silver presentation discs to mark their extraordinary record sales.

The group is presented with discs for Please Please Me and the not-yet-released With The Beatles by EMI’s chairman Sir Joseph Lockwood. George Martin then presents each of them with a smaller disc to mark the sales of the Twist and Shout EP. Finally, the editor of the music newspaper Disc, Gerald Marks, presents them with another silver disc for the Twist And Shout EP, and another for the She Loves You single.

Afterwards The Beatles enjoy a cocktail party and a formal lunch in the boardroom of EMI House, in the company of EMI executives and special guests.

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One Direction at the Where We Are Book Signing in London - November 18, 2013. #19

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One Direction at the Where We Are Book Signing in London - November 18, 2013. #15