Marsyas, often depicted as a satyr, was the unlucky victim of the god Apollo. Marsyas obtained the instrument auloi, which was two pipes connected by a mouthpiece, from Athena. Like most Greek myths where the mortals and lesser beings had to be instigators against the gods, Marsyas challenged Apollo to a contest. He mimicked the sounds of the lyre’s strings with the auloi perfectly each time, enraging Apollo with each passing note.
Growing tired of how well Marsyas was playing, Apollo switched the lyre around so the instrument was played like a violin is played. The only way Marsyas could mimic the lyre’s notes was if the two instruments were held in the same position, and the placement of an auloi is not interchangeable. Needless to say, Apollo won the contest.
Marsyas’s punishment was used to explain the reddish tint pine trees have. Apollo hung him from a pine tree and skinned him, thus the rouge tint pine trees have.