Giannandrea

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I prefer to remain mysterious and have people make their own judgment calls about me than to always have to EXPLAIN who I am and what I’m about. —   JANUARY JONES editorial credits: At Home with JANUARY Photography By BEN HASSETT Written By JANELLE BROWN Hair By GIANNANDREA Makeup By RACHEL GOODWIN Nails By MARISA CARMICHAEL Styled By KARLA WELCH
Mutations in RAB39B cause X-linked intellectual disability and early-onset Parkinson disease with α-synuclein pathology.

PubMed:
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Mutations in RAB39B cause X-linked intellectual disability and early-onset Parkinson disease with α-synuclein pathology.

Am J Hum Genet. 2014 Dec 4;95(6):729-35 

Authors: Wilson GR, Sim JC, McLean C, Giannandrea M, Galea CA, Riseley JR, Stephenson SE, Fitzpatrick E, Haas SA, Pope K, Hogan KJ, Gregg RG, Bromhead CJ, Wargowski DS, Lawrence CH, James PA, Churchyard A, Gao Y, Phelan DG, Gillies G, Salce N, Stanford L, Marsh AP, Mignogna ML, Hayflick SJ, Leventer RJ, Delatycki MB, Mellick GD, Kalscheuer VM, D’Adamo P, Bahlo M, Amor DJ, Lockhart PJ

Abstract
Advances in understanding the etiology of Parkinson disease have been driven by the identification of causative mutations in families. Genetic analysis of an Australian family with three males displaying clinical features of early-onset parkinsonism and intellectual disability identified a ∼45 kb deletion resulting in the complete loss of RAB39B. We subsequently identified a missense mutation (c.503C>A [p.Thr168Lys]) in RAB39B in an unrelated Wisconsin kindred affected by a similar clinical phenotype. In silico and in vitro studies demonstrated that the mutation destabilized the protein, consistent with loss of function. In vitro small-hairpin-RNA-mediated knockdown of Rab39b resulted in a reduction in the density of α-synuclein immunoreactive puncta in dendritic processes of cultured neurons. In addition, in multiple cell models, we demonstrated that knockdown of Rab39b was associated with reduced steady-state levels of α-synuclein. Post mortem studies demonstrated that loss of RAB39B resulted in pathologically confirmed Parkinson disease. There was extensive dopaminergic neuron loss in the substantia nigra and widespread classic Lewy body pathology. Additional pathological features included cortical Lewy bodies, brain iron accumulation, tau immunoreactivity, and axonal spheroids. Overall, we have shown that loss-of-function mutations in RAB39B cause intellectual disability and pathologically confirmed early-onset Parkinson disease. The loss of RAB39B results in dysregulation of α-synuclein homeostasis and a spectrum of neuropathological features that implicate RAB39B in the pathogenesis of Parkinson disease and potentially other neurodegenerative disorders.

PMID: 25434005 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE] http://dlvr.it/8n8tF6

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Giannandrea’s hair how-to, Gwyneth Paltrow’s chic updo at the 2012 Met Gala in New York

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Pantene is great for both elegant curls or sleek looks with lots of shine, like these looks I created here! Watch for Naomi Watts on the red carpet for The Oscars: she will have gorgeous, shiny, classic hair courtesy of G and Pantene!