When his majesty saw them, he was enraged against them, like his father, Montu, lord of Thebes. He seized the adornments of battle, and arrayed himself in his coat of mail […] His majesty was like Sutekh, the great in strength, smiting and slaying among them; his majesty hurled them headlong, one upon another into the water of the Orontes.”

The Battle of Kadesh against the Hittites. The shown scene is from the second court of the Ramesseum, the Egyptian mortuary temple of Pharaoh Ramesses II, dating to Dynasty 19.

In this particular detail we can observe Hittite troops reaching out to their defeated comrades, who are drowning in the river Orontes.

Quoted at the start of the post is part of the Egyptian account of the Battle of Kadesh, translated by James Henry Breasted (Ancient Records of Egypt: Historical Documents. Chicago: 1906, III:136-147).

Photos taken by kairoinfo4u.

Pharaoh-Branded Amulet Found at Ancient Copper Mine in Jordan


While exploring ancient copper factories in southern Jordan, a team of archaeologists picked up an Egyptian amulet that bears the name of the powerful pharaoh Sheshonq I.

The tiny artifact could attest to the fabled military campaign that Sheshonq I waged in the region nearly 3,000 years ago, researchers say.

The scarab (called that because it’s shaped like a scarab beetle) was found at the copper-producing site of Khirbat Hamra Ifdan in the Faynan district, some 31 miles (50 kilometers) south of the Dead Sea. Read more.

A copy of a portrait placed upon the bandages of a mummy found at the British Museum. The portrait was painted on a thin plate of cedar-wood and at the time of its publication in 1834, presented the earliest known image of an Egyptian.

from ‘A History of Egyptian Mummies’ by Thomas Pettigrew, 1834

Royal Institution Rare Book Collection

Some say the Afar people are descendants of the Egyptian pharaohs. They share some similarities in the way the men wear their hair and shawls draped loosely over their shoulders, words of their language, and use of symbols reminiscent of hieroglyphics to mark their camels.

Face Inlay of the Pharaoh Akhenaten

Egypt, New Kingdom, Amarna Period, Dynasty XVIII, about 1353-1336 BC
Cast, then cold-worked to refine the sculptural quality of the portrait and to create cavities for additional inlays for the eye and eyebrow
Overall H: 4.2 cm, Th: 0.6 cm, Gift of the Ennion Society
Collection of The Corning Museum of Glass, Corning, NY (^^2012.1.2^^)


The Egyptian Book of the Faiyum, 1st century BC-2nd century AD.

The Book of the Faiyum is the modern name of a text that describes the Faiyum oasis as the mythical center of prosperity and ritual. The text was compiled during the Greco-Roman period, perhaps in the temple of the crocodile god Sobek in Shedet, but it may be based on precedents from earlier periods. The most famous copy of this text, known as the Boulaq/Hood/Amherst papyrus, consists of two papyrus scrolls with hieroglyphic text and illustrations. Portions of this papyrus are now in the Walters Art Museum (Baltimore), the Morgan Library & Museum (New York), and the Egyptian Museum (Cairo). Besides this and other hieroglyphic versions, there are also hieratic and Demotic copies on papyrus and an unillustrated hieroglyphic version inscribed on the walls of the Sobek temple in Kom Ombo (Upper Egypt).

The focal point of the Walters Art Museum’s section of the book of the Faiyum is a long oval representing the Faiyum lake itself. Inside the lake, images of mythological figures including the crocodile god Sobek-Re, Osiris, and the solar child allude to stories of the creation of the world as well as the nightly regeneration of the sun god. Around the lake, forty-two deities are depicted, each representing an important cult site in Egypt. In this way, the book functions as a map of a ceremonial landscape centered in the Faiyum. (Walters)

Courtesy of & currently located at the Walters Art Museum, Balitmore, USA. Via their online collectionsW.738.



Hatshepsut was one of the most powerful women in the ancient world. She was the fifth pharaoh of the Eighteenth Dynasty of Ancient Egypt and she ruled longer than any other woman in Egyptian history. Hatshepsut was married to her sickly half brother, Thutmose II, and the two of them began to co-rule after the death of their father, Thutmose I, in 1492 BC In 1479 BC, Thutmose II died and Hatshepsut continued to rule by herself until her own death in 1458 BC. It is believed by many Egyptologists and historians that Hatshepsut was one of Ancient Egypt’s most successful monarchs. She commissioned many building projects and reestablished trade networks that had been disrupted by the Hyksos invaders of the Second Intermediate Period. Hatshepsut also led a large-scale expedition to the Land of Punt, a wealthy and sophisticated country to the south of Egypt. Hatshepsut is also believed to have led successful military campaigns in Nubia, the Levant, and Syria during her reign.

Faience handle of a lion biting a Nubian 

There is also gold and bone in the handle. It is 3cm high, 4,3cm long and 3cm wide ( 1 3/16 x  1 11/16 x 1 3/16 inch.) 

Egyptian, New Kingdom, 19th dynasty, Ramesside Period, reign of Ramses II, 1279 - 1213 BC. 

Source: Metropolitan Museum