Lucihormetica luckae

…is a unique species of “giant cockroach” (Blabridae) which has been collected around the Tungurahua volcano in Ecuador. Lucihormetica luckae is noted among cockroaches for its ability to bioluminesce via two spots on its back carapace which are inhabited by bioluminescent bacteria. It is though that this ability evolved to mimic the appearance of the toxic click beetles of the genus Pyrophorus. It is also though that L. luckae might be the first known species to use bioluminescence as a form of defensive mimicry.    

Classification

Animalia-Arthropoda-Insecta-Blattodea-Blaberidae-Blaverinae-Lucihormetica-L. luckae

Image: Peter Vršanský and Dušan Chorvát

9

Hey look, it’s Euzosteria subverrucosa, one of my favorite native roaches. I’ve only seen them twice before, in Piara Waters, in Banksia scrub, and in Hammond Park, near Casuarina scrub. This one was in dunes at Secret Harbour. Isn’t she a cutie.

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Order Blattodea- Cockroaches

Cockroaches are possibly the most despised of all insects. Just hearing the word disgusts most people, but the truth is out of the thousands of known species only four are common pests. These are the American, German, Oriental, and Asian Cockroaches. 

Despite what most people think I find cockroaches to be fascinating and intriguing insects. They have adapted to almost every habitat on Earth. While most people are only familiar with the fairly unassuming brown pest species there are many bright, colorful, and beautifully patterned species. Many people even keep cockroaches as pets, Madagascar Hissing Roaches being the most common.

Cockroaches are part of the superorder Dictyoptera with their close relatives the mantids and termites. The similarities between roaches and mantids can be seen in the triangular heads and laying of oothecas. Recent DNA testing has led some people to consider termites to be part of the order Blattodea with the cockroaches because of the very close similarities with wood-eating roaches in the Cryptocercus genus.

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Pale-bordered Cockroach (Pseudomops septentrionalis)

…a species of Ectobiid cockroach which occurs in south central and south eastern North America and Central America. Pale-bordered cockroaches are active mainly from May to August and typically inhabit low-growing herbaceous vegetation and will occasionally visit flowers. Adults will feed on sap and flowers, and interestingly are not attracted to lights. 

Classification

Animalia-Arthropoda-Insecta-Blattodea-Blaberoidea-Ectobiidae-Blattellinae-Pseudomops-P. septentrionalis

Images: ©Graham Montogomery and ©Gayle and Jeanell Strickland

bug of the day on Flickr.

I have a confession to make: I am a bug racist. Having lived in a big apartment building in Boston for many years as a grad student, seeing any roach-like creature causes a visceral reaction in me, about 90% grossed-out-ickiness and 10% nausea. Which really isn’t fair, since the cockroaches that infest urban households are just a few of many species and genera of roaches, most of which stay outside. Thank goodness.

Anyway, here’s a female wood roach, genus Parcoblatta I believe, that was hanging around my stairs. Totally harmless. The colors are kind of cool to look at. But still. *shiver*

This is a special BotD for coleopteragirl on tumblr (sorry, not a Blattid, but the best roach I could find!). And because I know a lot of you, like me, are not roach fans, there’s a bonus beetle chaser coming up soon…:-)

Watch on drhoz.tumblr.com

Australian Cockroach “Sun Tiger” (Polyzosteria sp.) in Girraween National Park, Southern Downs, between Queensland and New South Wales, Australia

Cape Mountain Cockroach (Aptera fusca)

Also known as the Table Mountain Cockroach or the Giant Cockroach, the Cape Mountain Cockroach is a species of blaberid cockroach that is native to the Fynbos biome of the Western Cape region of South Africa. True to one of its common names A. fusca is quite large with adult females growing to around 30-40 mm (1.2-1.6 in) long, and males growing to around 29 mm (1.1 in) long. Cape mountain cockroaches are typically active at night and are herbivores. Unusually A. ptera gives birth to 18-25 live offspring and will protect their young for a while after giving birth. 

Classification

Animalia-Arthropoda-Insecta-Blattodea-Blaberidae-Aptera-A. fusca

Image: Slashme

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Green Banana Cockroach (Panchlora nivea)

Also known as the Cuban cockroach, the green banana cockaroach is a colorful species of cockroach native to Cuba, The Caribbean and parts of the southern United States. Green banana cockroaches are usually found outdoors and inhabit shrubbery, trees and other plants. They are strong fliers and are mainly active at night, and are usually attracted to bright lights. Banana cockroaches are often kept as pets due to their unique green color.

Phylogeny

Animalia-Arthropoda-Insecta-Blattodea-Blaberidae-Panchlora-nivea

Image Source(s)

anonymous said:

how do I get rid of these nasty,huge,flying palmetto bugs we have in south florida?! they're so annoying!

Palmetto Bugs…oh my ummmmmm well the south has been pondering that question for quite some time now and they have yet to reach a solution. Palmetto bugs are a variety of cockroach and as such, they will be here long after we’re gone. They are perfectly adapted for survival hence why we have fossils of them dating back to the days of dinosaurs and their body plan is almost wholly unchanged since then. You just don’t mess with perfection. Among their claims to fame are their abilities to flatten their bodies to avoid being crushed when stepped on, they’re well able to regrow limbs as juveniles, their ability to derive sustenance from nearly any organic food source from decomposing plant material to glue, wallpaper and grease, they’re able to recycle their urine indefinitely to avoid needing a source of water in most instances, and they can survive for days without a head as a result of their nervous system not being centralized. They can also survive some pretty lethal doses of radiation but it’s been proven that there are many insects that have this ability so it’s really not as special as we once thought.

The bottom line here is that you or the south really wont win this fight so the best you can do is reduce casualties. Because of the warmer temperatures in the south, species of cockroaches that can’t fly in the north are able to warm their flight muscles consistently enough to sustain flight. They typically fly at night and are attracted to lights so don’t leave the porch light on and don’t leave unscreened windows open. In addition, it’s generally a good idea to avoid leaving food crumbs around after dinner as that will draw them indoors. Aside from that, I think you should try to convince them that you’re on their side as they may be our overlords one day. May I suggest an offering of glue?

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