Grammar: Making Comparisons

This lesson covers how to make comparisons in Japanese. I was never good at them, honestly, so I want to take the time to cover them.

Unlike English, Japanese adjectives do not have great or greater than conjugations. In English, you have to add either the -er or -ier ending to an adjective or place “more” in front of it. Japanese is not like that all! Since you’re comparing nouns, the adjective really doesn’t matter. The focus is placed on the nouns in comparative sentences, so we must add something to these nouns to draw a comparison.

How to make a comparative sentence

In a comparative sentence, A and B can be either a verb or noun. If A is a noun, の must be used in front of 方が. If A is a verb, do not use の.

A + の方が + B + より + Adjective/Verb with Adverbs/Noun with Modifiers

A is more __________ than B.

方が (ほうが) - is more

より - than

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So here goes my first attempt translating from Korean! For Krizzia ♥

Source

btw language resource-wise I personally think the most underrated language resource on the internet is wikipedia

like, if you’re learning a language and don’t want to pore through an entire book or watch an entire movie or sift through heavy news articles with tricky wording, a fun thing to do is find a wikipedia article about something you’re genuinely really interested in - be that a book, movie, celebrity, organisation, or whatever - and see if that’s available in your target language

read it, try to understand it, make a list of words connected to that article

it’s fun and it’s free and wiki articles tend to be quite light so I mean it’s just a really good resource to be using when you’re stuck on how to progress with your reading skills

Nadine Nihongo Genki 1 and 2 Kanji Wall Chart

こんにちは!

If you’re studying using the Genki Textbook Series, I have created this wall chart free for you to download, print and use!

It includes all Kanji from lessons 3-23 (Genki 1 and 2).

It is A4 size, but if you want a larger copy feel free to request one in my inbox.

Download link [HERE]. Enjoy!

ネイディーン

Core Lesson 1 Words

(Pretty simple, also going to include words I already knew just because)

こんにちは - Hello (typically only used during the day*)

さよなら - good bye

男の子(おとこのこ) - boy

女の子 (おんなのこ) - girl

女の人 (おんなのひと) - woman

男のひと (おとこのひと) - man

彼女 (かのじょ) - she

(adding たち after those last 5 words makes them plural)

彼 (かれ) - he

(adding ら after 彼 makes it plural)

本 (ほん) - book

新聞 (しんぶん) - newspaper

書いて (かいて) - write

漢字 (かんじ) - kanji

ジュウス (じゅうす) - juice

水 (みず) - water

お茶 (おちゃ) - tea

食べて (たべて) - eat

料理 (りょうり) - cook

走って (はしって) - run

泳い (およい) - swim

Ummm I think I got them all? I hope so. I’ll update if I missed something.

*My understanding of japanese greetings is that you use a different one depending on the time of day, unsurprisingly that would be おはいおございます in the morning, こんにちは during the day (I think it kicks in around noonish, maybe a little earlier?) and こんばんは in the evening.

Hiragana ひらがな revision, and aisatsu あいさつ part 1

As I mentioned last week, when first stepping foot inside a Japanese classroom you will be learning the vowels in hiragana ひらがな. Do you remember them? We’ll do a little test…

あ - ?

い - ?

う - ?

え - ?

お - ? 

If you can’t remember them, make sure to check back to the post I mentioned - this stuff is vital - you can’t forget it! And what good is memorising what these characters are if you can’t remember how to pronounce them? Make sure you know exactly how to pronounce them! Pronunciation could possibly be the easiest part of Japanese because it’s always consistent and mostly simple for native English speakers (there are some exceptions, however; りょ ‘ryo’ gives me a lot of grief!). 

So that you know exactly what you’re doing, you can watch this video:

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8zfBMDNkJuI

This chick has a bit of a grating accent, in my opinion, but she will give you the exact pronunciation of each character and MOST IMPORTANTLY, she’ll show you how to write them with proper stroke order. Do not underestimate the importance of stroke order! Stroke order is important not just for hiragana ひらがな, but for katakana カタカナ and kanji 漢字, too. Before learning proper stroke order my あ looked like some sort of retarded mess, but following this video will hopefully prevent that from happening to you. Also, you have to practise! Don’t just settle for memorising how to read Japanese - writing it is just as important as it helps to strengthen pathways in the mind. You will remember twice as fast if you concentrate on both reading AND writing.

My final advice on beginning hiragana ひらがな and even for intermediate kana かな learners is to use this website:

http://www.realkana.com

It’s basically a flash-card system. Use it! It will count your right and wrong answers - so you can time yourself and calculate your percentage of correct answers. I gave this website to my sensei 先生, and she loved it.

Now, onto the next part of Japanese lesson 1 - aisatsu あいさつ

These, as I have covered before are your everyday expressions, some of which you will already know! As I list them I will give you the Japanese in both hiragana ひらがな and roumaji ローマ字, their meanings in English, and a little explanation about how to use each of them. Also, there are a lot of aisatsu あいさつ, so I won’t be covering them all in this post!

Konnichiwa こんにちは - Hello

Used after midday but before sunset. Konnichiwa can be used by anyone to anyone - friends, strangers, superiors - it’s universal.

Konbanwa こんばんは - Good evening

Used after sunset as a greeting; anyone can use this.

Ohayou gozaimasu おはようございます - Good morning

Used before midday as a greeting. Is a bit more commonly used than ‘good morning’ is in English. Between more casual acquaintances you can drop the gozaimasu ございます.

Oyasuminasai おやすみなさい - Good night

Used when going to sleep, but you can drop the nasai なさい to be more casual.

Arigatou gozaimasu ありがとうございます - Thank you

Used the same way as ‘thank you’ in English, though I feel like arigatou gozaimasu ありがとうございます carries a bit more weight than it does in English. You can drop the gozaimasu ございます for a more casual ‘thanks’, but you can also add doumo どうも to make doumo arigatou gozaimasu どうもありがとうございます if you really need to show your appreciation. You can also say hontouni arigatou gozaimasu 本当にありがとうございます which is like ‘I truly appreciate what you have done’ and is very humble in tone. For a super casual ‘cheers’ or ‘ta’ you can just say doumo どうも, but it’s somewhat uncommon.

Douitashimashite どういたしまして - You’re welcome

A very humble way of saying ‘you’re welcome’. More casually you can say ieie いえいえ which is like ‘it’s okay’ or ‘no problem’

 My latest post on my much-neglected blog, with a list of 50 simple kanji that I thought could be used for a nice introduction to kanji. :) 

Coming up next : a mega-list of all the kanji I’ve got to learn for my second year exam, will be nice to compare the difference between last year and this year. Also coming soon, a Spanish and Italian composition and an ‘end of second year summary’. 

Animal Actions:

jump:飛ぶ、とぶ

shiver:震える、ふるえる

shivering mimetic word: ブルブル 

bark:吠える、ほえる

woof!:ワン!

space out, daydream, stare off into space:ぼーっとする (written in kana alone)

sleep:寝る、ねる

snore:鼾をかく

sleeping soundly onomatopoeia: すやすや

wag:振る、ふる

dig:掘る、ほる



This image was created by me, but has been checked by a native speaker for accuracy (Hajime Maeda, check out his tumblr). Please feel free to share* the image, if you do please link to my blog. Thanks!

*but not sell

「始めて会った日のこと、覚えてる?」

Let’s break it down!

始めて  (はじめて): the first
会った (あった): the past-tense form of 会う, to meet.
覚えてる (おぼえてる): The casual form of 覚えています. which means ‘I remember’. The question mark turns this into a question.

2

This website is sooooo handy for beginners, (JLPT N5/N4). You can type in any Japanese verb and it’ll take you to a conjugation page.
You have to type in romaji, but aside from that it is a great resource. It’s really handy to use until you can start to just know how verbs will be conjugated from the feel (you’ll eventually be able to do this for most verbs, apart from the tricky godan verbs that end in る, I’m slowly getting there).

Check out the site [x]

Beginner phrases (June 19, 2014)

Ohayoo gozaimasu - おはようございます Good Morning 

Ohayoo - おはよう Good Morning (informal) 

Konnichi wa こんにちは Good afternoon

Konban wa こんばんは Good evening

O-genki desu ka. おげんきですか。How are you?

Ee, genki desu. ええ、げんきです。(Yes) I am fine.

Okagesama de, genki desu. おかげさまで、げんきです。Thanks to you, I’m fine.

Ee, okagesama de… ええ、おかげさまで (Yes) thanks to you… (I’m fine) (Informal)

O-hisashiburi desu ne. おひさしぶりですね。I haven’t seen you for a long time.

Shibaraku desu ne. しばらくですね。I haven’t seen you for a long time (informal)

Shitsurei shimasu しつれいします。Goodbye (Lit. excuse me) 

Ja (or de wa), mata. じゃ(でわ)また See you later

Sayo(o)nara さよ(う)なら Goodbye 

O-yasumi nasai おやすみなさい Good night (informal) 

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