Green Broadbill (Calyptomena viridis)

Also known as the lesser green broadbill, the green broadbill is a species of broadbill (Eurylaimidae) which occurs in broadleaved evergreen forests in BOrneo, Sumatra and the Malay Peninsula. They are also known to occur in lowland and lower montane rainforests as well. Green broadbills generally occupy the canopy, where they feed almost exclusively on soft figs. To the point where they are a major aid in helping fig seeds distribute around the forest floor. 


Animalia-Chordata-Aves-Passeriformes-Eurylaimidae-Calyptomena-C. viridis

Images: Oreopium and Doug Janson

Plush-crested Jay - Cyanocorax chrysops

Cyanocorax chrysops (Passeriformes - Corvidae) is a species of jay native to Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Paraguay and Uruguay, distinctive by having a short crest of stiff, “plush-like” crown feathers, from which its common name is derived. It also has a dark violet blue back, a black bib, pale yellow underparts and nape, and spots of blue above and below the eye.

The Plush-crested Jay has a variety of loud vocalizations and also imitates other sounds of other birds, and even humans.

References: [1] - [2]

Photo credit: ©Gary Kurtz | Locality: Iguazu Falls, Argentina (2013)

Velvet-purple Coronet (Biossonneaua jardini)

…a species of coronet hummingbird (Boissonneaua spp.) which occurs among the humid foothil forests on the west Andean slope in western Colombia and north-western Ecuador. Like most hummingbirds, Boissonneaua jardini feeds mainly on nectar but will take insects as well. Adult velvet-purple coronets sport an amazing highly iridescent plumage with brilliant blues and purples. However in poor light they might appear all black. 


Animalia-Chordata-Aves-Apodiformes-Trochilidae-Boissonneaua-B. jardini

Image: Joseph C Boone


Researcher has confirmed a nesting site of the endangered Bryan’s shearwater, once thought to have gone extinct on Ogasawara island chain. The last it was seen on Midway Atoll in 1991.  Scientists conducted DNA testing on seabirds found on the Ogasawara Islands – which have been recognized as a UNESCO world natural heritage site – between 1997 and 2011, as their features matched those of the Bryan’s Shearwater.

  • Photo: A Bryan’s shearwater found on Higashijima island on the Ogasawara island chain in February 2015 Provided by the Forestry and Forest Products Research Institute

Crimson Sunbird - Aethopyga siparaja

Aethopyga siparaja (Passeriformes - Nectariniidae), the national bird of the Republic of Singapore, is a tiny sunbird that occurs naturally in tropical south-eastern Asia. The adult male has a bright red throat, chest and sides. He also has deep blue moustachial stripes. 

Reference: [1]

Photo credit: ©Eddy Lee | Locality: Singapore (2006)

Buff-breasted Paradise Kingfisher (Tanysiptera sylvia)

…a beautiful species of tree kingfisher (Halcyonidae) which are endemic to the Northern Queensland coastline of Australia. Like other members of the genus Tanysiptera, T. sylvia will show an unusually Long tail with white plumes. However, like other kingfishers T. sylvia still feeds mainly on fish which hare caught via plunge diving. Small insects and other invertberates are also taken as well. Breeding for T. sylvia will occur between October and January and T. sylvia pairs are known to solely use termite mounds as nest sites. 


Animalia-Chordata-Aves-Coraciiformes-Halcyonidae-Tanysiptera-T. sylvia

Image: Jim Brendon


Violaceous Euphonia (Euphonia violacea)

…a small species of true finch (Fringillidae) which is a resident breeder from Trinidad, Tobago and eastern Venezuela south to Paraguay and northeastern Argentina, and northern Brazil. Violaceous euphonia are known to occur in forests, cocoa/citrus plantation and second growth forests. Like other members of the genus Euphonia, Violaceous euphonia are social birds which feed mainly on small fruit and insects. 


Animalia-Chordata-Aves-Passeriformes-Fringillidae-Euphonia-E. violacea

Image(s): Dario Sanches