African-Americans-in-the-war-effort

Gateway to Freedom: The Hidden History of the Underground Railroad by Eric Foner

Building on fresh evidence―including a detailed record of slave escapes secretly kept by Sydney Howard Gay, one of the key organizers in New York―Foner elevates the underground railroad from folklore to sweeping history. The story is inspiring―full of memorable characters making their first appearance on the historical stage―and significant―the controversy over fugitive slaves inflamed the sectional crisis of the 1850s. It eventually took a civil war to destroy American slavery, but here at last is the story of the courageous effort to fight slavery by “practical abolition,” person by person, family by family.

[BOOK LINK]

Creating a sold‐out situation at the AMC Discover Mills 5 p.m. showing of “Red Tails” this past Saturday, nearly 75 people, representing the local alumni chapters of eight international fraternities and sororities, joined forces to support a movie that was rejected by major Hollywood studios.

“Red Tails” tells the story of the Tuskegee Airmen, African‐American pilots who were an integral part of the World War II effort. It was produced by George Lucas and distributed by Twentieth Century Fox. When Lucas could get no takers for the story, he wrote the check for the film himself. Joining forces in their various colors and paraphernalia, members of these service‐based organizations took time to stand together (and, afterward, fellowship together) in a show of unity. “We all have different stories,” said Leonard Staten, President of the North Metro National Pan‐Hellenic Council. “But, tonight we made a singular statement: We WILL support the accurate, respectful telling of
American history and the contributions that African‐Americans made to it.”

The North Metro chapter of the National Pan‐Hellenic Council is comprised of Black Greek‐lettered organizations in the northern metro Atlanta region. It is their goal to unite as a single body under the ideals of emotional, social, economic, and community empowerment to the northern metro community.

Doris “Dorie” Miller (October 12, 1919 – November 24, 1943) was a cook in the United States Navy noted for his bravery during the attack on Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941. He was the first African American to be awarded the Navy Cross, the third highest honor awarded by the U.S. Navy at the time, after the Medal of Honor and the Navy Distinguished Service Medal. The citation accompanying the medal reads:

For distinguished devotion to duty, extraordinary courage and disregard for his own personal safety during the attack on the Fleet in Pearl Harbor, Territory of Hawaii, by Japanese forces on December 7, 1941. While at the side of his Captain on the bridge, Miller, despite enemy strafing and bombing and in the face of a serious fire, assisted in moving his Captain, who had been mortally wounded, to a place of greater safety, and later manned and operated a machine gun directed at enemy Japanese attacking aircraft until ordered to leave the bridge.

Nearly two years after Pearl Harbor, he was killed in action when the USS Liscome Bay was sunk by a Japanese submarine during the Battle of Makin. [x]

“Breaking a tradition of 167 years, the U.S. Marine Corps started enlisting Negroes on June 1, 1942. The first class of 1,200 Negro volunteers began their training 3 months later as members of the 51st Composite Defense Battalion at Montford Point, a section of the 200-square-mile Marine Base, Camp Lejeune, at New River, NC. The first Negro to enlist was Howard P. Perry, shown here.” [x]

Doris “Dorie” Miller (October 12, 1919 – November 24, 1943) was a Messman Third Class in the United States Navy noted for his bravery during the attack on Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941. He was the first African American to be awarded the Navy Cross, the third highest honor awarded by the U.S. Navy at the time, after the Medal of Honor and the Navy Distinguished Service Medal. The Navy Cross now precedes the Navy Distinguished Service Medal. Miller’s acts were heavily publicized in the black press, making him the iconic emblem of the war for blacks—their “Number One Hero"—thereby energizing black support for the war effort against a colored Japanese enemy. Nearly two years after Pearl Harbor, he was killed in action when USS Liscome Bay was sunk by a Japanese submarine during the Battle of Makin.

http://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Doris_Miller

Cuba Gooding, Jr. Portrayal: 🎥 http://youtu.be/mmmk41JEUW0 🎥