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Today in Middle-Earth: The dwarves surrender when surrounded by Elves, but Bilbo uses the ring and disappears (August 23rd, 2941 T.A.)

Such day as there ever was in the forest was fading once more into the blackness of night, when suddenly out sprang the light of many torches all round them, like hundreds of red stars. Out leaped Wood-elves with their bows and spears and called the dwarves to halt.

There was no thought of a fight. Even if the dwarves had not been in such a state that they were actually glad to be captured, their small knives, the only weapons they had, would have been of no use against the arrows of the elves that could hit a bird’s eye in the dark. 

Dwarf Caiman - Paleosuchus palpebrosus

Also named Cuvier’s Smooth-fronted Caiman, Paleosuchus palpebrosus (Crocodylia - Alligatoridae) is a small, South American caiman, found near rivers and inundated savanna areas. This species is the smallest of the family. Males grow to about 1.3-1.5 meters, while the females grow to 1.2 meters. 

Paleosuchus palpebrosus is a social species with diverse and interesting behaviors. Like most crocodilians, they can convey social messages through sounds, postures, movements, smells, and touch. Although most crocodilians are somewhat social, P. palpebrosus are typically found alone or in pairs. 

Systematic studies of adults indicate that there are dominance hierarchies within groups. The most hostile and aggressive individuals appear to be the most dominant. These individuals control access to mates, nest sites, food, and living space. Dominance is asserted and maintained by social signals and displays.

Reference: [1]

Photo credit: ©Thierry Montford | Locality: French Guiana (2008)

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