As recent work on the construction of gender has demonstrated, any strict dispensation may be historically precipitous. Neither heterosexuality nor homosexuality existed as categories in early modern Europe, for the simple reason that neither the standard nor its deviation(s) had yet been prescribed. The latter-day incontrovertible male/female binary […] was not yet in place. In addition to a two-sex model, Thomas Laqueur has documented the Galenic one-sex model that obtained in the Renaissance. In this model women were viewed as incomplete men, though, as Stephen Orgel has recently proposed, at the same time that this model privileges man over woman, it also threatens male identity with the possibility that “we are all, in essence, really women.”
Further, one need only turn to the official grammar book of the period for the suggestion that there were neither one nor two but rather many categories of gender; William Lily’s Latin Grammar, the only grammar prescribed in schools in Shakespeare’s time, classifies nouns into seven genders, including male, female, neuter (neither male nor female), doubtful gender (either male or female), and epicene (both male and female).
—  "The Materiality of the Shakespearean Text" by Margreta de Grazia and Peter Stallybras (Shakespeare Quarterly 44.3, 1993). 
Mispronounce Everything You Say ft. J.R.R. Tolkien
  • Mispronounce Everything You Say ft. J.R.R. Tolkien
  • Fieldofheathers-stuff

I apologize in advance to every Tolkien fan who will be inevitably and rightfully offended by my awful pronunciation of Silm characters names.

Blame Preda.

Tagged by beguilingblackness, tagging whoever wants to do it!

  1. Your name and username
  2. Where are you from.
  3. Pronounce the following words: Círdan, Teleri, Kinslaying, Silmarilli, Melkor, Aulë, Melian, Beleriand, Ard-Galen, Turambar, Akallabêth, Maglor, Marach, Hitlum, Helcaraxë, Blood, Ungoliant, Void, Taniquetil, Naugrim, Quendi, Atani, Valaraukar, Ilúvatar, Lórien, Beren, Teleporno.
  4. What do you call an elf that burns ships and leaves half of his people astray on barren frozen lands?
  5. What do you call those little quendi-like beings that die so fast of natural causes?
  6. What do you call a plate of mashed potatoes?
  7. What are those ugly beings that live far in the north called?
  8. What do call an elf with just one hand?
  9. What’s the name of those little gems that seem to drive everyone crazy?
  10. Pick a Tolkien-related book and read a passage from it.
  11. Do you think you sound a bit too Sindar?
  12. Be Maiar or Valaraukar?
  13. Do you know anyone on the Tolkien Read Along in real life?
  14. End the audio post with your three favourite character names.

okul açılmadan ne yapalım, kitap okuyalım temalı ne çok fotoğraf var.
ama kitap cilveli bir şey değil midir?
böyle hayatın sıkış tepiştir bir sürü meşgalen vardır; nefes alacak vakit yokken uykulardan taviz vererek okumaya çalışırsın.
tadından yenmez bir olgu değil midir?


The Hobbit: AUJ filmmakers’ commentary:

Peter Jackson and Philippa Boyens share some interesting facts about the movie

  • In case some didn’t know, the dwarf next to Thorin is Peter Jackson
  • The claw in Frodo’s hands ended up being too small to be Smaug’s (but we can still pretend it is)
  • The part about Glamdring not glowing was also because it didn’t glow in LOTR

I wanted to draw some elves and vomit some colors. Thank goodness this one is finally done. Now I can start drawing me some dwarves!

P.S. I’ve just realized that Legolas is drinking on the job. I don’t know what the alcohol policy is in Mirkwood but knowing Thranduil, I don’t think it’s even an issue.

The Hobbit by JRR Tolkien
The Hobbit (2012, 2013 Movie) © Warner Brothers/New Line Cinema/MGM

The Hobbit, Version 1

The stairs seemed endless. Slowly, Legolas set one foot before the other, only thinking about getting home up in the tree again. When he could finally open the door, the warmth made him waver for a second, before he glid inside and let himself fall on the couch, not even caring to take his booths out.
"Edeneth?" he sighed. He should have sworn she was at home, but he didn’t see her. Perhaps she was in the bedroom-part.