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The effect of the winds of Mars by europeanspaceagency on Flickr.

Via Flickr:
Here on Earth, we are used to the wind shaping our environment over time, forming smooth, sculpted rocks and rippling dunes. In this way, Mars is more similar to Earth than you might expect.

On the Red Planet, strong winds whip dust and sand from the surface into a frenzy, moving it across the planet at high speeds. These winds can hit 100 km/h, enough to create giant dust storms that settle across huge swathes of Mars, lasting for many days or even weeks.

As these winds travel they carve their surroundings, eroding and smoothing and gradually wearing away the planet’s surface features over millions of years.

Evidence of these processes can be seen in this image from ESA’s Mars Express orbiter. The image shows part of the Arabia Terra region, which is scattered with craters of varying sizes and ages. The craters in this image, caused by impacts in Mars’ past, all show different degrees of erosion. Some still have defined outer rims and clear features within them, while others are much smoother and featureless, almost seeming to run into one another or merge with their surroundings.

The largest crater in this image also has the steepest rim. With a diameter of some 70 km, this crater dominates the left, southern, side of the frame. At first glance, this image seems to show something amazing in this crater, and in one of its neighbours to the right: is this a hint of blue liquid water? No, it is an optical illusion caused by the image processing. The blue-hued patches lying within the ragged craters are actually dark sediments that have built up over time. Again, this is due to the winds, which carry dark, volcanic, basalt-rich deposits across the planet.

This colour image was taken by Mars Express’s High Resolution Stereo Camera on 19 November 2014, during orbit 13728. The image resolution is about 20 m per pixel.

Credit: ESA/DLR/FU Berlin, CC BY-SA 3.0 IGO

Copyright Notice:

This image is licenced under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 IGO (CC BY-SA 3.0 IGO) licence. The user is allowed to reproduce, distribute, adapt, translate and publicly perform it, without explicit permission, provided that the content is accompanied by an acknowledgement that the source is credited as ‘ESA/DLR/FU Berlin’, a direct link to the licence text is provided and that it is clearly indicated if changes were made to the original content. Adaptation/translation/derivatives must be distributed under the same licence terms as this publication. To view a copy of this license, please visit creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/igo/

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X15: How To Create A Football Revolution

y do ppl keep using asia as an example for reverse racism ?? lmfao like asia is one single place where all the whites are mistreated and ~oppressed~ :-((

Not Another Teen Wolf Podcast Episode #93 – Comic Book Girlfriend

Karen and Natalie continue their character analysis episodes with Stiles Stilinski! We’re also joined by Loz, who gives her perspective on re-creating the character for fanfiction.

Featured Song: “The Kids Aren’t Alright” by Fall Out Boy

– What made Karen want to write these character analysis feature articles?
– Was this one harder than the last two?
– How much do we love Stiles?
– We discuss how the show has raised the bar in terms of acting.
– What was our first impression of Stiles?

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My Top Ten Tips for Studying Well

I’m quite conventional when it comes to studying. Chances are, you’ve probably heard of some of these at one point of another. But I’m here to show you how they have worked for me, how some are helpful and others not so much.  Detailed post below!


1. Find your motivation. 

The first thing you need to do is find motivation.  Now I’ll admit, this is the hardest but definitely the most important.  It will define your work ethic and as work features so centrally in our lives, your character and purpose in life. 

List out your motivations for studying.  Think properly about them. Think about the things you value most in life and how they relate to your studies. Though this may be an important part of it, try to think about it beyond just what your parents, school and society expects of you. 

 And bear in mind, they may change as time passes too. That’s why you need to constantly ask yourself: Why am I studying?  And make sure you can answer it clearly and truthfully. 

2. Mind over matter

Your brain is like a muscle. It needs to be trained, pushed and honed to function at it’s fullest potential.   Just like those crazy fitness junkies who enjoy the burn / torture exercise. (Blogilates y u do dis?!) They tell you the pain is really all in your mind.  80% of the battle is mental. 20% is  the actual effort.  

Sitting down to actually do your work is arguably the most arduous first step. Half the time when we don’t want to start something is because we’re scared of failure. It will happen, so just embrace it and move on. An unfit person will always struggle at first. The decisive factor is whether they continue even when they don’t feel like it.  

A lot of this process is conditioning your mind.  You must believe that you can do it and will do it in order to actually do it. This can include positive affirmation, reminding yourself of your values and goals, imagining the process and the results.  I had a teacher who told us about a student who would approach his essays with an attitude that he had already finished.   This would take off the pressure and the stress he felt initially so he could actually do it. 

Therefore, most of my tips below relate to making the first step to sitting down to studying easier and mental conditioning, rather than actual study techniques.  

3. Create the space

This is obvious but: find a clean, quiet place to study free of distractions.  And then stick with it.  
This is part of mentally conditioning your brain to associate one specific place with studying.  Don’t play games there, don’t eat eat there, don’t hang out there. Only study there.  This is to combat procrastination and distractions.  Your brain will eventually cease to seek out things to do other than study once you condition it to think there is nothing to do but study. 

Make it an environment you want to be in. Mood is largely dictated by atmosphere.  If you wouldn’t want to be in a messy room generally to begin with, you are so not going to study in it. 

Here’s my checklist for a solid study environment:

  • Good lighting - Poor lighting strains your eyes and makes you sleepy. Natural sunlight, a well lit room or a solid white light lamp are the best.
  • Minimum noise - Some people can study with a lot of background noise, I can’t.  I try to places with minimum talking or music because it interferes with my concentration.   
  • Chairs and Table - Find a solid chair with a back.  Your back will get tired if study for long periods with nothing to lean on.  It is important to also find a chair that is proportionate to your table and body height.  Normally if you are sitting up, the edge of your table should line up near your belly button. (Can be hard to find, so don’t be super pedantic unless it’s an adjustable chair.)
  • Aesthetically pleasing - I make sure it’s neat and tidy.  For the decorative types, motivate yourself by sticking up inspiring pictures and quotes.   You’ll find yourself much more excited to study in this visually appealing space than usual.

4. Plan 

Plan backwards.  Start from your goals and work out how you will get there. This will extend from plans on a long term to mid-term basis all the way to daily disciplines.  You’ll find that once you’ve thought about what you need to do and how to get it done, the overall process of studying is less overwhelming.

It’s helpful to brain storm and list out how you will achieve your goals over a year long / semester long basis.  Once you’ve got the long term figured out get a diary, a planner, a piece of paper whatever.  Plan out your weekly schedule to include your activities, study sessions and rest.  This will help you to see if you are on track to achieving your long term plans.  To do lists are also helpful in planning what specific tasks you need to complete in a day.  Prioritising tasks helps you to not waste time because you always know what you’re supposed to be doing. 

An important thing to keep in mind while planning is that ironically, things do not always go to plan. Don’t be disheartened if they do (took me a long time to learn).   Make sure you set aside buffer time for distractions, interruptions, things that come up and the spontaneous moments that make up life. 

5. Be organised

What’s the difference with planning and being organised? You ask. Well, planning just means knowing what to do, being organised basically means knowing where your stuff is.  Like planning, organisation helps reduce the overwhelming feeling that you have no idea what is going on.  It gives you a sense of control over your studies.  

Firstly, figure out what medium is most helpful to you whether it be computer, paper and pen etc.  Create a comprehensive system where you know where all your content goes.  Make it a priority to review and reorganise those folders whether digital or paper every week. 

Physically organising your information is a way to review your work and also help your brain compartmentalize the information.  If you understand the contents’ order and purpose in the syllabus you’ll have greater recall. Furthermore, it saves you all that time trying to organise notes during the week of exams which you could use actually studying. 

6. Study in blocks

The key to studying well is not studying more, but studying effectively

I’ve had many people moan to me about how much they study but how little it pays off. That’s because they’re doing it wrong.  12 hours of study in one day does not equate to 12 hours of effective and productive study.  (Unless you are a machine.)

This is essentially another aspect of mental conditioning and body hacking. Your brain can only concentrate to its highest capacity for a certain period of time.  On average it’s an hour, depending on the individual and the task.  After around the one hour mark, your brain begins to wander and it cannot take in as much information.   The way around this is to study in timed blocks with timed breaks.  

My study blocks are based on the tasks:

  • 1.5 hours with 30 minute break- Out put orientated tasks e.g. essay writing
  • 45 minutes with 15 minute break - In put orientated e.g. readings 
  • 30 minutes with 5 minute break - Computer orientated e.g. typing notes 

Taking a timed break helps boost concentration by giving your brain a break so it doesn’t feel so tired.  Normally breaks should be taken away from your study space doing something different to what you were doing before.  It’s best to not to spend your break on Facebook or YouTube, as it interrupts your studying frame of mind.  The best things I find to do are: reading, eating, listening to music or talking to people. 

7. Create an incentive system

This really relates to the above study block system during breaks but extends to other forms of incentives too.   

After completing your required study for the day, treat yourself to something.  It can be you get to play a game, watch an episode of Friends, eat a whole chocolate cake as long as it proportionate to the work you’ve done.   This way, you’re mentally conditioning yourself to think that study is rewarding.

Other more long term incentives may be a day out, a holiday, a chance to do something you’ve really wanted. Try to think of a creative incentive that motivates you (aside from your academic goals.)  

8. Maintain healthy habits

People tend to underestimate this, but your health is the absolute cornerstone of your existence, let alone your academic performance. 

You need to get enough sleep.  At least 8-9 hours to be functioning at a healthy optimal level. 6-7 hours is just not cutting it.  There is countless research out there showing us that inadequate sleep effects you in every way.  Therefore, constantly pulling all nighters for assessments will not allow your body to perform optimally for  exams.  Your recall, concentration and  problem solving skills will not function as well as it would after a good nights sleep.  

Another key thing is also when you sleep.  If you sleep for ten hours from 3am-1pm, chances are you will still not feel very great. The sleep deficit myth is a trap.  You cannot make up for lost sleep by oversleeping on the weekend.   Our bodies function best when we follow the patterns of the sun.  Of course, in our day and age this is very hard so it’s best to be asleep by 11pm in order to allow your body to get the rest it needs from deep sleep between 1-2am.  

Other key things include eating well.  Overeating or a poor diet can have direct impacts on your concentration and energy levels.  Try eating a massive Maccas meal and see what happens? Food coma.  

Staying hydrated is also connected to concentration. A lot of the time that I have headaches is from dehydration.  Also constantly sipping water makes you want to go to the toilet which keeps you awake.  It’s better than coffee!  (Which makes you dehydrated.) 

9. Balance out your life

If your life is all about studying, you are very soon going to find it is a miserable and isolating slave driver.  Study is a means to help you understand and interact with the world, not the ends of itself. 

Remember what you value in life and stick with it.  Make as much time as you would for those activities and relationships as you would for study.  This will help you to keep perspective as to why you study. 

Do not make my mistake or one that I constantly see repeated in many others, to throw my social life, my hobbies and passions at the mercy of study.  I reprimand myself for how I neglected people and things that were equally, if not more important to me. 

A healthy work life balance is important to your mental and spiritual well being. Many scary stories are told to us law students about lawyers driven to anxiety, depression and even suicide through insane 70 hour work weeks.  I myself developed what I considered to be a mild form of anxiety that came and went through my last year of high school through to the first few years of university. 

If you are developing some form of mental or physical health issue due to the effects of study, stop.  It’s not worth it.  Make sure you talk to someone about it, whether it be a friend or even a doctor or counselor. You worth more than your performance. 

10. Be intentional with your rest

In light of the last point, you can imagine how important this is.  Rest needs to be ingrained into your schedule.  Without it, you will soon find yourself burnt out. 

I have also come to realise that rest is not just simply being a potatoe and watching netflix and scrolling through my feeds a million times over.  Often I find these activities tire me even more and do not motivate me further.  

You have to use you time of rest intentionally.  Think about what things invigorate you most: that inspire you, challenge you and build up your character.  For some it may be spending with family, doing something you love like music, art or volunteer work.  For me, it is spending time with God and realising that all of the above that I do is only made possible by Him and for Him.  I am reminded that here is why I study, what my goal is and where my identity really lies.  

Of course, you always do need some time to be a potatoe and just watch netflix. 

Hope my own tips and ideas were helpful and all the best! (:

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Axolotls exhibit a trait known as neotony.  Normally, salamanders have three stages to their lives; egg, larva (the stage with gills and fins), and adult.  Axolotls, however, remain in their larval stage throughout their lives, never losing their gills, and never developing features such as eyelids.

Naturally Fierce Feature: Lyneka

Naturally Fierce Feature: Lyneka

1. Tell me a little about yourself and your hair journey.  My name is Lyneka, but I go by Neka. I am 26 years old. I am originally from Boston (Go Pats), but I currently live in the DMV. The more I learn about natural hair, the more obsessed I become. I am also the ultimate goofball. 2. How long have you been natural? Have you always embraced your curls?I have been natural since 2010, but I…

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本日情報解禁となったそうで、神聖かまってちゃんの6/24発売予定のベストアルバム「ベストかまってちゃん」。 その中の 自分らしく という楽曲のMVに出演させていただきました! 発売まであと11日、MVはこちらからチェック出来ます。⇨ youtu.be/dbrE7ufCwYQ

Kaoru is featured in Shinsei Kamattechan’s [自分らしく] (Jibun Rashiku) MV!

#pugsproud_feature #pugsrequest #pugsofinstagram #pug #pugs #puggod #pugmob #pugface #puglife #pugpicsfeature #qtpugs #puglove #pugrescue #pugsproud #pugstagram #pugoftheday #dogs #pugsrequest #instapug #insta_dogs #dogsofinstagram #cutestsofttoys #cutepugsonly #flatnosedogssociety #photooftheday #borderterrier #BeOnCanadianPugs #staffie Hey guys who added bubble bath to the sea today … Say Mabel, Brian & Cuz Toffee… 🐾💦🙊💦🐾#constantinebeach by jedmondson27 http://ift.tt/1M4pP8c

Cinnamon Grand’s B2b, now a Cinnamon’s city hotels initiative

Colourful and trendy bags made out of recycled flexi banners will go on sale on 05 June at all city properties

Taking its environmental commitment to the next level, Cinnamon Grand Colmbo has extended its pioneering Banners to bags (B2b) initiative to the other two Cinnamon’s city properties – Cinnamon Lakeside and Cinnamon Red; to collectively build a greener mindset among guests and associates as part of the Cinnamon’s city hotels, World Environment Day agenda, this year.


The three hotels, collaborating under the Cinnamon’s city hotels banner endeavours to embed a culture of environmental awareness within the organisations, through eco-friendly initiatives such as B2b project which aims at achieving a well-balanced triple bottom line of people, planet and profit, inspired by the 3R concept of reduce, reuse and recycle. The hotels will have a week of special Environment Day related activities to keep the momentum going.


B2b is a key initiative, and as such the three hotels will feature attractive, durable and trendy nags, created out of flexi banners used by the properties during 2014. Over 200 banners have been collected and are currently being transformed in to fashionable totes, duffels, wristlets and more by retired tailors of Cinnamon Grand, who are, after five years of designing the B2b bag collection, are experts in the field.


On 5 June (Friday), in commemoration of World Environment Day, the three hotels will feature these bags in their lobby area for sale. Proceeds from this are channelled towards the Children’s Ward of the Maharagama Cancer Hospital and cancer awareness related initiatives.

At the B2b launch in 2009 - 2007 Nobel Peace Prize Co-Laureate Prof. Mohan Munasinghe is seen addressing the gathering at a press conference to launch the initiative. Also in the photo are (L-R) Cinnamon Grand Operational Manager Terrence Fernando, Marketing Communications and Sustainability Manager Tharika Goonathilake, General Manager Rohan Karr and Director Operations Chris Quyn

A first in Asia, the Banners to Bags (B2b) initiative is a unique project by Cinnamon Grand that recycles flexi banners into practical, durable and waterproof bags. The project, launched in 2009 made Cinnamon Grand the first hotel in Sri Lanka and the fourth organisation in the world to embark on this exceptional enterprise. The venture is creatively themed around using flexi banners placed as promotional material on the hotel’s billboards to be transformed into bags with multi-dimensional use. The project is endorsed by 2007 Nobel Peace Prize Co-Laureate Prof. Mohan Munasinghe and has been cited as a prime example of business innovation applied to promote sustainable development.


Executive Vice President John Keells Holdings and Cinnamon Hotels & Resorts Sector Head-City Hotels Rohan Karr noted that this initiative would strengthen the city hotels image as responsible corporate stewards.  “To us, being green goes beyond rhetoric; we put it into practice and want to permeate the message of preserving this planet to as many as we possibly can. This is why we are proactive with the younger generation. We want them to experience nature, be responsible in disposal and waste management, enjoy the fruits of being green and be ecologically conscious,” he said.
“It is heartening to note that, the three Cinnamon’s city properties have come on board to partner this unique initiative this year,” Karr added. “As a corporate entity that has sustainability at the core of all operations, Cinnamon Grand is committed towards inculcating a greener mindset amongst all stakeholders. This project has certainly been an impetus to showcase how a simple recycling initiative can contribute towards the greater cause of sustainability. In partnering with Cinnamon Lakeside and Cinnamon Red, we have been able to further expand the reach of the project, creating greater awareness and reducing environmental hazards, whilst positively impacting the social dynamics.”


Cemented on the foundation of ‘Recycling towards a better tomorrow’, B2b truly emphasises the philosophies of the triple bottom line and 3R under three key advantage points – environmental, economic and social.


The key environmental advantage is that the project aims at reducing waste that could arise from discarding the banners and reusing these products by recycling it for a more productive use. Flexi banners are usually discarded either by incineration which releases harmful gases into the environment or by dumping into landfills which result in blockage of waterways and other channels and being a breeding ground for parasites that could spread harmful diseases among communities.


The economic impact lies in the creation of sustainable income for unemployed tailors, who are now gainfully employed, with the dual advantage of giving them a sense of self-worth and dignity. Primary social benefits are the proceeds being directed to the Cancer Hospital in Maharagama and cancer awareness related projects. However, the awareness creation among the society through these bags that being fashionable could also mean being eco-friendly is an added benefit.

Limited Edition Final Fantasy XIV PS Vita Launches In Japan

Limited Edition Final Fantasy XIV PS Vita Launches In Japan

Set for release later this month, a new range of Limited Edition Vita systems are hitting stores in Japan featuring themes based on the latest chapter of the online MMO Final Fantasy XIV. Partnering with Square Enix, the new designs taking inspiration from Final Fantasy XIV: Heavensward, there are special models of the PS4, PlayStation Vita and PlayStation Vita TV hitting retail on 23rd June 2015.

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