Charlotta Bass (1874-1969) was the first Black female newspaper owner-editor in the U.S. She published the California Eagle, the largest and oldest Black newspaper on the west coast from 1912-1951. Bass dedicated herself to combating racist images such as the 1915 film Birth of A Nation, police brutality and supporting the Scottsboro Boys in 1931. During the 1920s she was the co-president of the Los Angeles chapter of Garvey’s UNIA and founded the Industrial Business Council to counter racial employment discrimination. During the Great Depression of the 1930s, she encouraged Black businesses with the campaign known as “Don’t Buy Where You Can’t Work”.  

Bass’ uncompromising stance against racial injustice resulted in her life being threatened on numerous occasions. She was branded a communist, and the FBI placed her under surveillance on the charge that her paper was seditious.

In the 1940s, the Republican Party chose Bass as western regional director for Wendell Willkie’s presidential campaign. Three years later, she became the first African-American grand jury member for the Los Angeles County Court. In the late 1940s, Bass left the Republican Party and joined the Progressive Party because she believed neither of the major parties was committed to civil rights.

Bass served in 1952 as the National Chairman of the Sojourners for Truth and Justice, an organization of Black women set up to protest racial violence in the South. That year, she was nominated for Vice-President of the United States by the Progressive Party. Bass became the first Black woman to run for Vice-President of the United States. Her platform called for civil rights, women’s rights, an end to the Korean War, and peace with the Soviet Union. Bass’s slogan during the vice presidential campaign was, “Win or lose, we win by raising the issues.”


The National Portrait Gallery

Delve into the eventful and interesting life of the English writer Virginia Woolf, considered to be one of the most important writers of the 20th century. The National Portrait Gallery is showcasing a very personal look into Woolf’s life before, at the height, and the tragic end to her career. 

Woolf had a modern approach to writing, she was inspired by avant-garde, her Bloomsbury group friends but mostly from her real life experiences. Woolf touched on important issues within her writing, such as feminism, depression and homosexuality. She had a voice and used it. Woolf was considered a significant figure in the London literacy society. She began writing in 1900 for The Times Literacy Supplement about the Brontë literacy family. Her first book The Voyage Out was published in 1915, inspired by her own personal emotions and experiences of sexuality and death. To The Lighthouse (1927) was considered by Time Magazine as one of the top 100 best English language novels. Again, the book was Woolf’s own experiences and thoughts on childhood and adult relationships.

Virginia Woolf: Art, Life and Vision lets you see rare belongings of letters, diaries and books exposing Woolf’s thoughts, as if she is in the room with you. Black and white atmospheric photographs of Woolf taken by Man Ray and colourful characteristic portraits by Roger Fry. As well as photographs of family and friends.

Be inspired and get to know Virginia Woolf in an intimate setting. A writer who is still relevant today and should not be ignored.

“Every secret of a writer’s soul, every experience of his life, every quality of his mind is written large in his works.” - Virginia Woolf.

For more information visit http://www.npg.org.uk/whatson/virginiawoolf/home.php

Listen to Patrick Wolf - To The Lighthouse, inspired by Virginia Woolf.


Article by Bronwyn Stemp.


Il livornese Pietro Fanfani (1815-1879), filologo, romanziere, editore di scritture antiche, famoso per le sue accesissime polemiche con l’Accademia della Crusca, nel 1870 compilò assieme a Costantino Arlia (1829-1915) il Lessico dell’infima e corrotta italianità, dove presentava un  lungo elenco di errori in cui ricorreva l’italiano di allora.
Un libro che, visto adesso, per certi versi sembra una specie di pronipote dell’Appendice di Probo (e suona ancor più strano sapere che viene da uno che polemizzò anche con Manzoni, contro l’idea che gli Italiani non avessero una lingua parlata unica), mentre per altri è un’ottima cartina di tornasole per scoprire i forestierismi che  giravano all’epoca -per lo più di origine francese- e che Fanfani attacca senza mezzi termini.
Insomma, l’italenglish non è un fenomeno isolato.
In Italia non s’è mai capito qual è il confine tra le parole introdotte per forza, durante la nostra lunga storia di paese invaso, e le parole di cui ci siamo innamorati e basta, solo per il gusto dell’esotismo.

[cnat - orastrana.it]

Kittyinva: Happy September! Let’s start it off with this pretty cover from the September, 1915 “Modern Priscilla”.


you don’t have to have read the book

you don’t have to like all 13 dwarves

you don’t even have to know all their names

you don’t have to speak fluent Sindarin or know who Morgoth is or know what year Tolkien finished his studies at Exeter or even understand that the Necromancer is Sauron



elrond says ignore everyone who says otherwise ok and who can argue with that forehead


Lest We Forget

April 25 - ANZAC Day

Australian and 





For those of you who don’t live in the Land Down Under, ANZAC Day is perhaps one of the most important days in the Aussie and New Zealand calander - if not, the most important day. It marks the day our troops arrived on the shores of Gallipoli in 1915. But it is so much more than that. It is the day that we honour all the brave men and women who have served in our armed forces, and continue to do so. As one, we mourn the losses of those who died, give thanks for those who returned home, show our support for those who continue to struggle with the memories day after day, and celebrate the freedom their sacrifices have given us.  

We are a country that prides itself on our ability to laugh at everything - even ourselves. We pull through disasters together, and enjoy the good times as a team. We have a strong sense of mateship which is in my biased opinion unparalleled by any other nation on this Earth. I am proud to be an Australian; and I am so very grateful to our ANZACS for giving up all they have so my country could be what it is today. True, it has it’s flaws like drop bears and politicians but it is still an amazing, incredible place to live. Thank you. 


April Fools Day: World War 1 - 1915.

On April 1, 1915, in the midst of World War I, a French aviator flew over a German camp and dropped what appeared to be a huge bomb. The German soldiers immediately scattered in all directions, but no explosion followed. After some time, the soldiers crept back and gingerly approached the bomb. They discovered it was actually a large football with a note tied to it that read, “April Fool!”

She felt very old and mature and wise - which showed how young she was.
—  Anne of the Island by L.M. Montgomery