'to-have-and-have-not'-(1944)

Your heroes are soldiers whose only weapons against tanks, planes, and guns were their revolvers and bottles filled with petrol. Your heroes are the women who tended to the wounded and carried messages under fire, who cooked in bombed and ruined cellars to feed children and adults, and who soothed and comforted the dying. Your heroes are the children who went on, quietly playing among the smouldering ruins. These are the people of Warsaw. 

Immortal is the nation that can muster such universal heroism. For those who have died have conquered, and those who live shall fight on, and yet again bear witness that Poland lives when the Poles live!

—  The last broadcast of Radio Lightning, during the Warsaw Uprising, 1944. Days later, the entire city was razed and its inhabitants given no quarter, despite arrangements to allow civilians to leave. The Soviet Army stood on the other side of the Vistula River and watched this occur, doing nothing.

meanderings0ul asked:

Yes artillery! May I ask if you have any sources you would recommend? You seem to find interesting sources. I have been cobbling together ideas from Wikipedia timelines and have generally accepted that there would have been artillery shortages in summer of 1944 on the Italian and other European frontlines. I headcannon that Peggy spent a lot of time on logistics and such for the various commando units with the ssr. Trying to make ww2 history work with the mcu is so fun.

I’ve mostly focused the first-hand battle experience of being under artillery fire, or of directing it, but you can find some of the passages I found most striking here.

Now, soldiers knew they were facing forces beyond their control. “When I heard the whistle of an approaching [shell],” Sledge reported, “every muscle in my body contracted. I braced myself in a puny effort to keep from being swept away. I felt utterly helpless.” “We were reduced to the size of ants,” Atwell submitted. “I felt cowardly and small,” said Bernstein; “I felt like a fly about to be swatted.”

Ernie Pyle described an Anzio shelling: “There was debris flying back and forth all over the room. One gigantic explosion came after another. The concussion was terrific. It was like a great blast of air in which my body felt as light and as helpless as a leaf tossed in a whirlwind.” Combat engineer Henry Giles also testified to the overpowering effect of the cannonade. During a bombardment by German 88s, one shell “got louder and louder until it was right on top of us and a thousand boxcars with locomotives attached couldn’t have been noisier… . Then we heard a thud and I came as close to dying from fear as I ever will… .” Wounds inflicted in such barrages or elsewhere often came to constitute the decisive event. U.S. correspondent Keith Wheeler described the moment he was hit: “A violence nothing had ever taught me to believe possible smashed against the right side of my face.”

“To me,” wrote Marine Eugene Sledge, “artillery was an invention of hell. The onrushing whistle and scream of the big steel package of destruction was the pinnacle of violent fury and the embodiment of pent-up evil. It was the essence of violence and of man’s inhumanity to man.” “It was,” proposed Private Lester Atwell, “as if an enraged giant were hurling with all his force an entire string of trains, screaming locomotive and all.” Infantryman Walter Bernstein thought that “something about heavy artillery … is inhuman and terribly frightening… . It is like the finger of God.”

Shell sounds carried the highest priority. Learning to identify outgoing artillery fire spared the soldier unnecessary alarm and expenditure of the energy to throw himself to earth. Recognizing incoming shells, and differentiating their sounds, established imminent danger. In North African combat, infantryman George Abend “learned to distinguish shells by the different sounds of their flight and explosion.” To judge the peril in which Japaneseshellings placed him, Marine Grady Gallant cultivated a sophisticated discrimination between air and impact sounds. Flight: “If the shell is low and about to hit the earth, it has a tearing sound; if it is higher, but will strike soon, it has a rushing, ghostly cry; if it is absolutely safe, very high and very fast, it leaves behind it a whish-whish-whishing sound.” Explosion: “If the shell strikes very, very close, it combines the tearing sound with a metallic scream followed instantly by brittle cracking noises ended by a deafening explosion … sounds … in rapid sequence, blended into each other.” And to outgoing-incoming and flight-explosion variations, soldiers added a third set: the cannons-mouth noise of the propellant charge (“a deafening roar as if the sky were falling”) versus that of the shellburst (“a sharp ripping crack, not so loud but much more menacing”).

There’s also a great passage in To Hell and Back (ask me about my crush on Audie Murphy!) where he’s calling in artillery strikes while single-handedly holding off an entire German company.

Ulm is a city in Baden-Württemberg, Southwestern Germany, situated on the Donau (Danube) river. Population: ~120,000. Ulm was founded around 850 and is rich in history and traditions as a former Free Imperial City. Today, it’s an economic center thanks to varied industries. It’s primarily known for having the church with the tallest steeple in the world (162 m), the Gothic Ulmer Münster, and for being the birthplace of German physicist Albert Einstein. The strategic bombing during WW2 against Ulm occurred just before Christmas in 1944. The raid killed 707 people, left 25,000 homeless, and over 80% of the medieval city center lay in ruins. Most of the city was rebuilt in the plain and simple style of the 1950s and 1960s, but some of the historic landmark buildings have been restored. The city’s railway station is served, among other lines, by one of the European train routes (Paris – Strasbourg – Stuttgart – Ulm – Munich – Vienna – Budapest). Direct connections to Berlin are also available. Other notable residents include Dieter Hoeneß (former football player & general manager of Hertha BSC and VfL Wolfsburg), Uli Hoeneß (former football player, current president of Bayern Munich football club), Hildegard Knef (actress, singer, writer), and Mike Krüger (comedian).

A forlorn looking 4.7 cm Pak (f) anti tank fun stands impotently over a part of Omaha beach as US invasion forces stream ashore. This weapon was one of a number captured from the French army in 1940 and put to use by the Germans on the Atlantic Wall. It was an effective weapon in 1940 but was obsolete in 1944. However it would have been able to penetrate the hulls of landing craft with ease.

This one may not have been used on the day and in any case failed to prevent the landings that are happening all around it. Its breech is covered by what appears to be a German army greatcoat.

A pair of US Corps of Engineers Caterpillar D7 bulldozers can be seen on the beach as a Rhino Ferry unloads its cargo. A LCM on the left can be seen heading away from the beach.

In the background is just a part of the vast armada that made up the invasion force.

fulldefendorprince asked:

Hey! Do you have the dates for when the Japanese invaded Guam at beginning of War in Pacific? Also do you have the dates for The Battle-when US forces took Guam back? Thanks a lot!

The Japanese invaded Guam on 8 December 1941, and the American forces surrendered two days later on 10 December 1941, after Governor George J. McMillin gave his order at 0600.

Americans landed on Guam on 21 July 1944, almost three years after the surrender. There had been some preparations going on near the area a few days before, like shore bombardment and obstacles removal, but the main landing took place on that day. Guam was declared secure on 10 August 1944, although a number of Japanese soldiers held out in the jungles of Guam for quite a long time.

The village of Distomo is tucked into the foothills of central Greece, near the ancient city of Delphi. Had recent history been kinder to it, the village might have been known for its 10th-century Byzantine monastery or its postcard scenes of grandfathers like Lukas Pergantas, tending their small vineyards.

But Pergantas says his hometown is defined by a horrific massacre by Nazi forces on June 10, 1944.

“They stormed in and murdered anyone in front of them,” says the 63-year-old retired electrician. “They disemboweled pregnant women. They killed children, even babies.”

Waffen SS forces killed 218 people, a quarter of Distomo’s population, including the first husband of Pergantas’ mother, Efrosyni.

“So we were raised to have a kind of hatred toward Germans,” he says. “Imagine, as children, if we didn’t finish our milk, we were told that the Germans would come after us, not some bad wolf.”

All of Greece suffered during the Axis occupation by Nazi and Italian fascist forces, which lasted from 1941-1944; more than 160,000 Greek civilians were killed during World War II, and tens of thousands more died of starvation.

Day 3:

Choose a different time period and describe what your character would have been like in that time period.

I’ll go with what I know the most:
(1940-1944) Vichy France.

France is divided in two zones. The Free zone, and the occupied zone, led by Marshall Petain, who is the Puppet of Germany. Trevor, in this time period, would have still been a police officer, part of the Gendarmerie, possibly in the region of Broceliande, which is known for its fantastic legends and which was occupied.
People claim that this is where Merlin is buried, and that you could find a magical fountain if you search well enough. Those would be thing he would not believe in, obviously.

While there was a group of resistance back then, led by General Charles de Gaulle, I don’t think Trevor would have joined it, not out of cowardice but rather because helping his people on a local scale would have seemed more realistic and important to him at the time. That means helping them having access to food, water, electricity, but also helping out people in need, such as the Jews, who were hunted down by the Einsatzgruppen, the German police (death squads) in charge of executing the Nazi Regimes opponants, as well as the Jews.
A great deal of French people decided to hide Jewish people in their barns, attics and basements during the war, often risking to be reported by a neighbor who collaborated with the new regime. The consequence was execution, most of the time without a trial.

On a lighter note, Trevor would have read things such as Pilote, Le Petit Vingtième, Les Aventures de Tintin, which were your source of comics at the time.
He would have had a family too, because people back then got married at a very early age and it’s more than likely that they would have had more than 4 kids, which was a common thing to do as well, especially at the country side.

Below you can see the outfit worn by Gendarmerie officers during the war.

So I found this picture the other day while working on a project in U.S history. The picture is a Free Belgian soldier, who was in the Free Belgian Forces, with his girlfriend or just a lady he met on V.E day. You don’t see many Belgian soldier pictures especially during V.E day so I thought it was worth sharing. I don’t know much about this picture but the soldier could have been in 1st Belgian Infantry Brigade or known as the Brigade Piron. Or he could have been part of another brigade. The Brigade Piron participated in Operation Paddle as their first time in combat. They also helped free Belgium, of course, and the Netherlands. #worldwar2 #ww2 #Freebelgianforces #Belgium #VEday #brigade #piron #military #1940s #1944 #soldier by captain_olimar04 http://ift.tt/1OmICMd

Seventy years ago 15 year old Anne Frank lost her fight to stay alive in the hell that was Bergen-Belsen. It is ironic that perhaps, just perhaps, if she and her sister Margot had been able to remain in Auschwitz for the winter of 1944-45 the sisters may have had more of a chance, as although conditions were terrible, the gas chambers had been destroyed. Being transported between the two camps in October 1944 they may have even believed that a camp in Germany, the country where the Frank family had flourished for generations, would offer them a better chance of survival than their terrifying existence under the chimneys of Auschwitz in the alien “eastern reaches of Europe.

If the Frank girls had any thoughts en route that maybe returning to Germany, where they had their own distant memories of early childhood spent in the vibrant city of Frankfurt, they were in for a grave shock. By the time the Frank girls arrived in Bergen-Belsen camp it was a virtually abandoned wasteland of starvation and disease.

When we think of the teenage Anne Frank we think of a vivacious, and bright girl, who faced the world head on both before and during her enforced hiding. But the last seven months of her short life were very different, her prized long dark hair shaved to her skull, bearing a tattooed number on her arm to replace her name Annelies Marie Frank, constantly itching from her striped camp uniform and desperate even for a mouthful of the cabbage soup she so despised while in hiding.

In my early years of travelling around the UK with the Anne Frank exhibition, I almost became blasé as at each opening an elderly man would introduce himself as a liberator of Bergen-Belsen, and would describe to me what he saw there. I have not met a liberator for many years now - those first-hand witnesses are very few now in numbers. I even remember in the 1970s working for a company that had a rather strange warehouseman. I was somewhat fearful of this man George, until it was explained to me by a colleague that George had been in one of the units that had gone into Bergen-Belsen and what he had seen of man’s inhumanity to man had affected him mentally ever since.

A Dutch witness to Anne and Margot’s sickness in the camp recalls finding their two thin bodies behind the barrack where they had succumbed almost together, wrapping in a thin blanket the corpses that had been the sisters, and sometime sibling rivals, Anne and Margot Frank and throwing them into a mass grave.

So these were the final lice ridden, delirious, starving days of Anne, the girl who had written just a few days before her capture in the summer of 1944: "I cannot build my life on a foundation of chaos, suffering and death” and went on to affirm: “I must hold on to my ideals, for perhaps the day will come when I will be able to carry them out”.

At the Anne Frank Trust UK we have decided to mark the 70th anniversary of Anne’s death (poignantly we will never know the exact date but we have chosen to mark it the day before the camp’s liberation she never got to see), not with a one minute’s silence, which has its rightful and appropriate place in commemoration ceremonies, but with a one minute of being #not silent. In other words raising our collective voices and making a noise to remember a young girl, who thanks to the tenacity of her Holocaust survivor father Otto Frank and the publication of her diary, could eventually not be silenced. In the intervening 70 years Anne’s writing and vision of a better future has inspired statesmen, such as Nelson Mandela who read it and encouraged other prisoners to do so while in Robben Island prison, and John F Kennedy, who said: “Of the multitude who throughout history have spoken for human dignity in times of suffering and loss, no voice is more compelling than that of Anne Frank.” And perhaps even more importantly the millions of young people who have determined to make the world better in Anne’s memory.

Led by the participation of notable people, actors and writers such as Naomie Harris, Eddie Izzard, Ceallach Spellman, Simon Callow, children’s laureate Malorie Blackman, Jacqueline Wilson and head of the New York based International Rescue Committee, David Miliband, we are asking everyone in this country and wider, young and old alike, in their homes, schools and workplaces, to take just one minute to film themselves (selfie style!) reading from Anne’s diary, or even just speaking about their own lives and hopes for the future. A selection of one minute extracts can be downloaded from the Trust’s website or you can dip in to the diary and choose your own. And we are calling on all those who do this to post their clip on to their social media or video sharing platforms such as YouTube or Vimeo, using the hash tag #notsilent to create a giant wave of noise and activity.

Together we can be #notsilent to remember an ordinary, yet extraordinary, teenager who died in terror because of murderous hatred and prejudice. Together we can be #notsilent to challenge all manifestations of prejudice and hatred.

#notsilent www.annefrank.org.uk/notsilent

An 83 year old Army Veteran arrived in Paris by plane. As he was fumbling in his bag for his passport, a stern French customs agent asked if he had been to France before. He admitted that he had indeed been here previously. The lady sarcastically said, “Then you should know to have your passport out and ready, Sir.”

The gentleman said “I didn’t have to show it last time.”

“Impossible!” the customs agent exclaimed. “All foreigners have always had to show a passport to enter the country.”

The man responded in a low tone, “Well, when I came ashore on the beach on D-Day in 1944, I couldn’t find any damn Frenchmen to show it to!”

Cape Coral Police Financial Crimes Detectives Complete Two Successful Operations

(April 15, 2015)-  Detectives with the Cape Coral Police Department Financial Crimes Unit have participated in two operations in the past week in an effort to crack down on fraudulent activity within the city.

The first, on April 8th, was an unlicensed contractor sting. The agency worked with the City of Cape Coral Code Compliance/Licensing Division, the Florida Department of Business and Professional Regulation and the Lee County Sheriff’s Office in an effort to crack down on unlicensed contractors. The operation took place at 1231 Lafayette Street which is an empty commercial building owned by the City of Cape Coral. Individuals that did not have a license were contacted through their ads on Craigslist.

Once at the building, if the individual agreed to do work for which they did not have the proper license, they were charged accordingly.

The following individuals were charged with unlicensed contracting:

Thomas Peter Leech
DOB: 10/18/1944
2201 Jackson Street
Fort Myers, FL

David William Johnson
DOB: 11/12/1985
105 Hercules Drive
Fort Myers Beach, FL

John A. Bradley
DOB: 10/23/1959
118 SW 49th Terrace
Cape Coral, FL

The second operation involved the use of illegal skimmers on gas pumps. On April 14th, Detectives with the Financial Crimes Unit along with the Street Crimes Unit, checked gas stations within the City of Cape Coral for skimming devices. Over 84 gas pumps, at 24 different gas stations, were looked at. At that time, no skimming devices were located. However, on March 31, 2015, the agency was notified by the Florida Department of Agriculture that during a routine inspection, a skimming device was found on a gas pump at the Shell Station located at 2231 Delprado Boulevard.  

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CAPE CORAL POLICE DEPARTMENT | Public Affairs Office | 1100 Cultural Park Boulevard | Cape Coral, FL 33990 | (239) 242-3341
This paper examines a rare and unstudied piece of consultancy work undertaken in 1944 by Friedrich Hayek for the British Colonial Office and for the Government of Gibraltar. Hayek’s subsequent reports suggested the reorganization of the state-regulated Gibraltar housing market in line with free market principles designed to relocate the colony’s working-class population into neighbouring Spain. However, rather than freeing Gibraltarians from the evils of state planning, as identified in The road to serfdom (also 1944), this proposal would have delivered them into the dictatorship of General Franco. Not only was Franco’s regime brutal, but it also practised autarkic economic policies virtually identical to those which Hayek maligned in The road to serfdom. In sum, Hayek’s proposals would have benefited Gibraltar’s landlords at the expense of the liberty of the majority of the civilian population.
BOB JOHNSON: Why do you, from sunrise to sunset, and at odd hours throughout the night have to drink tea?
PETER GIBBS: Well, after Pearl Harbor you Americans joined the honorable company of tea drinkers. Don’t forget that the Nazis and Japs have knocked down every country they’ve tried to, except the tea drinkers –China, Russia and England. So long live drinking tea.
—  Michael Powell and Emeric Pressburger, A Cantebury Tale (1944)
Mrs. Smith's Neighborhood, Her Home


     Our 20th National Rebuilding Day is on April 25th, in the Westwood neighborhood. We have selected 20 amazing homeowners that have been a part of the neighborhood for many years. Through this mini blog we will share their stories and the stories of the neighborhood with you, our supporters. Mrs. Smith’s story is below. 

   
     Mrs. Smith is the 89 year old widow of a veteran who served in the Navy. They got married in 1949 and have lived in their home for 58 years, where they raised two daughters. One of her daughters lives with her, and her four grandchildren visit her often. She moved to Dayton in 1944 to work at Wright Patterson Air Force Base and the Dayton VA as a secretary. She met her husband at a USO dance in Dayton.


     One of her fondest memories of her home is being host to all of the neighborhood children. She continues to be a fixture in her neighborhood. 


     We will continue to share these stories leading up to the event using the label  MNMY. We are still looking for for volunteers to help us work to make Westwood a safe and healthy neighborhood, please consider signing up. Don’t forget to check back often to read a new story from one of our homeowners.

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“ Soldiers, Sailors and Airmen of the Allied Expeditionary Forces!

You are about to embark upon the Great Crusade, toward which we have striven these many months. The eyes of the world are upon you. The hopes and prayers of liberty-loving people everywhere march with you. In company with our brave Allies and brothers-in-arms on other Fronts you will bring about the destruction of the German war machine, the elimination of Nazi tyranny over oppressed peoples of Europe, and security for ourselves in a free world.

Your task will not be an easy one. Your enemy is well trained, well equipped and battle-hardened. He will fight savagely.

But this is the year 1944! Much has happened since the Nazi triumphs of 1940-41. The United Nations have inflicted upon the Germans great defeats, in open battle, man-to-man. Our air offensive has seriously reduced their strength in the air and their capacity to wage war on the ground. Our Home Fronts have given us an overwhelming superiority in weapons and munitions of war, and placed at our disposal great reserves of trained fighting men. The tide has turned. The free men of the world are marching together to Victory!

I have full confidence in your courage, devotion to duty, and skill in battle. We will accept nothing less than full Victory!

Good Luck! And let us all beseech the blessing of Almighty God upon this great and noble undertaking.”

-Supreme Allied Commander, Dwight D. Eisenhower, 6 June 1944 (at Omaha Beach)

The Pomegranate

The only legend I have ever loved is
the story of a daughter lost in hell.
And found and rescued there.
Love and blackmail are the gist of it.
Ceres and Persephone the names.
And the best thing about the legend is
I can enter it anywhere.  And have.
As a child in exile in
a city of fogs and strange consonants,
I read it first and at first I was
an exiled child in the crackling dusk of
the underworld, the stars blighted.  Later
I walked out in a summer twilight
searching for my daughter at bed-time.
When she came running I was ready
to make any bargain to keep her.
I carried her back past whitebeams
and wasps and honey-scented buddleias.
But I was Ceres then and I knew
winter was in store for every leaf
on every tree on that road.
Was inescapable for each one we passed.
And for me.
                   It is winter
and the stars are hidden.
I climb the stairs and stand where I can see
my child asleep beside her teen magazines,
her can of Coke, her plate of uncut fruit.
The pomegranate!  How did I forget it?
She could have come home and been safe
and ended the story and all
our heart-broken searching but she reached
out a hand and plucked a pomegranate.
She put out her hand and pulled down
the French sound for apple and
the noise of stone and the proof
that even in the place of death,
at the heart of legend, in the midst
of rocks full of unshed tears
ready to be diamonds by the time
the story was told, a child can be
hungry.  I could warn her.  There is still a chance.
The rain is cold.  The road is flint-coloured.
The suburb has cars and cable television.
The veiled stars are above ground.
It is another world.  But what else
can a mother give her daughter but such
beautiful rifts in time?
If I defer the grief I will diminish the gift.
The legend will be hers as well as mine.  
She will enter it.  As I have.
She will wake up.  She will hold
the papery flushed skin in her hand.
And to her lips.  I will say nothing.

-Eavan Boland

Each year the copyright community celebrates January 1 as “Public Domain Day.” That is because a convenient fiction included in most nations’ copyright laws says that if a work’s term of protection expired during the previous year, it officially enters the public domain on the following January 1st. Instead of having to figure out the exact day of an author’s death, and having different works enter the public domain each day, we just save them all up, so that all the works whose term expired in 2014 (i.e., all works whose authors died 70 years earlier, in 1944) entered the public domain on New Year’s Day 2015. At least, they did in most other countries, but not in the U.S.

📈 ❶ Top 10 IQ: n.1 - William James Sidis - IQ 250-300 ❶ 📈

📈 ❶ Top 10 IQ: n.1 - William James Sidis - IQ 250-300 ❶ 📈 FULL LIST ► http://ift.tt/1GdFhx9 📌 📈 The 10 Highest IQs in History 📈 ❶ 1 - William James Sidis - IQ 250-300 William James Sidis (April 1, 1898 – July 17, 1944) is another individual whose exact IQ score is unknown. Sidis was an American child prodigy with exceptional mathematical abilities and a claimed mastery of many languages. After his death, his sister made the unverifiable claim that his IQ was “the very highest that had ever been obtained,” but any records of any IQ testing that Sidis actually took have been lost to history. Experts have pegged his IQ somewhere in the range of 250 to 300, which would give him the highest IQ score in history. Born in 1898, he entered Harvard at the age 11, to study mathematics, which at the time made him the youngest person to ever enroll at the prestigious university. Sidis was claimed to be conversant in over forty languages and dialects. It was later acknowledged, however, that some of the claims made were exaggerations, with a researcher stating “I have been researching the veracity of primary sources of various subjects for about twenty-eight years, and never before have I found a topic so satiated with lies, myths, half-truths, exaggerations, and other forms of misinformation as is in the history behind William Sidis”. Sidis became famous first for his precocity and later for his eccentricity and withdrawal from public life. Eventually, he avoided mathematics altogether, writing on other subjects under a number of pseudonyms. After completing his studies he began teaching, but found that the students in his class who were older than he was did not take kindly to being educated by what they perceived to be a boy. ► http://ift.tt/18VsLBJ 📌 📈 The Top 10 People with the highest IQs in Androidian History 📈 FULL LIST ► http://ift.tt/1GdFhx9 📌 Please stay tuned on updates about Top 10 IQ SUBSCRIBE NOW: ► http://ift.tt/1Nc5k9b 📌

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