'anglo

3

The First Anglo Afghan War Part III —- The Bloody Retreat from Kabul.

In case you missed Part I, Part II

By the end of 1841, it was quite clear to the British that they could not maintain an orderly hold over Afghanistan.  All over the country Afghan tribes and warlords were rising up in rebellion against the British.  The British had even lost control of the capital, Kabul, and were forced to man a poorly defensible position outside the city.  Supply lines had been cut off, and a large army under the command of Akbar Khan was on its way to destroy the British.  Without supplies and reinforcements, for British commander Major General Sir William Elphinstone, it was quite clear that his army had only one option, to retreat or face total destruction.

On January 6th, 1842 Elphinstone’s Army set out out the safety of the British garrison at Jalalabad over 90 miles away.  The army consisted of 4,500 Indian and British soldiers, as well a 12,000 civilian camp followers.  The trek was especially hazardous because of the lack of supplies, the harsh Afghan winter, the exceedingly rough terrain of the Hindu Kush Mountains, and worst of all, the ambushes conducted by Ghilji tribesmen who inhabited the mountains.  Under negotiations, Akbar Khan had agreed to provide escorts for the retreating army so that the Ghiliji would not attack them.  Instead Akbar alerted them to their retreat.  When the column reach the passes of the Hindu Kush, they were met by Ghiliji tribesmen armed with muskets and captured artillery.  They took sniper shots from high cliffs and fired grapeshot rounds from cannon in narrow passes, wiping out whole sections of the column at a time.  Experts marksmen who were experienced at hunting and fighting in the mountains, the Ghiliji often shot down men from ranges that were so far away the British couldn’t even fire back.  

The retreat through the Hindu Kush Mountains was slow and arduous, hampered by terrain and snow.  Many soldiers perished due to exposure, frostbite, hunger, and disease.  Many soldiers committed suicide along the way.  After only traveling 26 miles, the column had lost 3,000 people.  Then military cohesion began to break down as soldiers mutinied and deserted.  But of course, there was no where to go, and those who turned around and attempted to escape back to Kabul or flee into the mountains were either killed or captured by the Ghiliji.  As the march progressed, soon Afghan guerrillas were able to isolate and massacre whole units and groups of men.  Finally on the 6th of January, the column reach the final pass on their journey, which was blocked by a large group of tribesman.  By then the army was reduced to 200 soldiers and 2,000 camp followers.  The path behind them was also blocked by Afghan tribesmen, and more tribesmen littered the mountains.  With nowhere to go, the commander of the army, Brigadier Thomas Anquetil ordered the men to charge.  Only two small groups were able to break through.  One group 60 men fled to the hills near the village of Gandamak, where they were surrounded and annihilated.  The other group consisted of 12 cavalrymen, who were shot at the rest of the way to Jalalabad.

On January 13th, 1 British officer, a company surgeon named William Brydon, and a handful of Indian soldiers rode into Jalalabad.  When asked where the rest of the army was, Brydon responded, “I am the rest of the army”.  They were all that remained of the 16,500 that had left Kabul a mere week ago.  2,000 were captured, most of whom were sold into slavery at the markets of Kabul.  Among the captured were Gen. Elphinstone, an old officer who was at his prime during the Battle of Waterloo, he didn’t live long in captivity and died in April.  

After the destruction of Elphinstone’s army British garrisons at Jalalabad and Kandahar were also attacked by Akbar’s forces.  The British East India Company and regular British Army sent more armies and beat back the Afghans, even conducting a reprisal attack on Kabul itself, but the British could never tame Afghanistan and bring it under their control.  By late 1842, all British forces had withdrawn from the country.

The British would go to war two more times in the 19th and early 20th century.  While in both wars they won many tactical and strategic victories, trying to sculpt Afghanistan into a proper British colony was as fleeting as trying to build a sandcastle with dry sand.  Over the upcoming decades, neither the British, nor the Soviets, nor the Taliban, nor even the Americans could truly control Afghanistan, rather the country remains pretty much the same as it had been when Alexander the Great first stepped foot in the country in ancient times.  There is a damn good reason why Afghanistan is called “the graveyard of empires”.

anonymous asked:

I've submitted two asks before this, so if more is against the rules feel free to not answer this one! But I'm slightly concerned about the premise of my novel, which is that the main character reincarnates through time. In her first life she's an Amorite, and at various points she's an Anglo-Saxon, an Ethiopian woman, a Heian-era noble, an Israeli Jew, a Japanese-American, etc. It's pretty central to the story's premise, but I'm worried that it amounts to erasure. Thoughts?

Reincarnation into Different Races

This sounds a lot like David Mitchell’s stuff (Cloud Atlas, The Bone Clocks). I don’t think it quite amounts to erasure, personally, but a) others may feel differently and b) if you did this, you’d have to do your research and be respectful…

—mod Jess

I don’t think erasure is the problem you’ll be fighting against; I think it’s more like making sure it doesn’t feel like the character is cosplaying her personas instead of actually living them. Like when she wakes up as a modern day Japanese American, will she still carry the memories of what life as an Israeli Jew felt like? Will she be able to let go of what used to be her Jewishness? etc

—mod Shira

anonymous asked:

eres tan blanca! pareces espanola :(

soy huera porq soy española! mi madre es alemana de Berlin y mi padre es de Madrid. nací en cuba pero 100% Anglo Saxon y White

bandaidpennylane asked:

I was watching a video of Lana on Youtube and I was taken aback at how well she spoke Spanish. No accent or anything like most anglo's sound when they try speaking Spanish. Does Lana have Spanish blood or family or was she raised by a Spanish nanny growing up? There has to be a reason she speaks Spanish so well.

I don’t think so. I think she might have dated someone who did. She has talked about going to Miami and having lots of Spanish speaking friends which inspired her to come up with the name Lana Del Rey. “He’s crazy y cubano, como yo my love" "I can speak Spanish, You can sing for the neighbours." Also in an interview this year: “I live in East L.A., and I speak Spanish,” she says. “The girls who work in the club in the video (Gods and Monsters) are my friends, people I knew before I became a little more well known. Like, I’ve always spoken Spanish in all my songs the past few years. So for me, personally, it’s not a far-out-there reference.”

White Anglo Australians will make jokes about the indigenous population being thieves yet ignore how many of their ancestors were actually convicted criminals

fionajesus asked:

Your blog is so so so beautiful, I'm a mixed race girl and I've sometimes (ashamedly) disliked my darker features. These posts make me realize how beautiful us brown angels are. Thank you <3

This is so sweet, ty! I had the same internalized racism issues before I finally learned to love my culture and race, like it was terrible. I used to wear foundation that was several shades too light for my skin, I lightened my hair to blonde and brown shades, I plucked out my naturally thick eyebrows, I refused to speak in Hindi or Punjabi and eat Indian food or watch or listen to Indian movies and music, or wear any Desi attire, and I wanted people to call me by a more Anglo nickname, I mean it was soo ridiculous and it was the result of years of racism that got to me and turned me into…that MESS.

Anyways, it took me a long time to fix myself but now I’m proud of who I am and I show it through this blog and I’m so glad other brown girls find peace through these screencaps, as strange as it may sound lol. We don’t need to assimilate into whiteness, because our dark features and rich culture are already beautiful and perfect 。◕ ‿ ◕。

Accuratissima Angliae, Scotiae et Hiberniae Tab. 
Carel Allard (1648-1709)
Atlas Van der Hagen, 1690
Koninklijke Bibliotheek, The Hague

Carel Allard’s British Isles map is one of the most striking of its time, with two richly decorated and symbolic cartouches. To the right, the title panel is surrounded by twin likenesses of William III and his wife Mary against a background of the accoutrements of war. The map may well have been prepared shortly after their accension to the English throne in 1689 when Anglo-Dutch ties were particularly close. The coats of armes above the portraits is still in Stuart form; below, there is an eleborate anagram of W and M, and the figures of Neptune and his attendants. To the left a sunlit orb is encircled by the garter, with supporters representing the four continents. Two vignettes of naval engagements are engraved in the lower part of the map.

6

The Color of Beauty

According to a 2008 survey, the models in the New York Fashion Week were: 6% Black, 6% Asian, 1% Latina, 87% White.


The Colour of Beauty is a shocking short documentary that examines blatant racism in the fashion industry. Apparently, from the industry’s perspective, the black girls who are featured need to look exactly like white girls only that they are painted black.

Who’s Renee Thompson?

Renee Thompson is a 24 year old model trying to make it as a top fashion model in New York. She’s got the looks, the walk and the drive. She has been modeling for 10 years around the world and has experienced some degree of success but her dream is to hit the NY Fashion Week runway and become the next big thing. A dream that seems almost impossible at times as door after door gets slammed in her face, all because she’s black

Renee feels that she is constantly under scrutiny over something she can do nothing about. What’s even worse is the fact that clients expect the black models to be literally flawless– a higher standard than what is set for white models.(x)

Ancient & Magickal Alphabets

(image can also be found in Grimoire for the Apprentice Wizard)

Celestial Alphabet/Angelic Script, Malachim, and Passing the River were made up by 16th century German alchemist/astrologer/lawyer/magician/occultist/soldier/theologist Heinrich Cornelius Agrippa.  Theban was created by 15th century German cryptographer/historian/lexicographer/occultist/theologian Johannes Trithemius, one of Agrippa’s teachers.  The Alphabet of the Magi was created by 16th century Swiss German alchemist/astrologer/botanist/occultist/physician/toxicologist Theophrastus Bombastus von Hohenheim (aka Paracelsus), another of Trithemius’s students, who rejected Agrippa’s magical theories.

Those, and the two Tolkien made, are entirely fictional and are good to use in most any context.

All the others are real alphabets from real cultures — some still used today.  Appreciate, don’t appropriate.

More writing systems can be found at Omniglot.

Sword from the Anglo-Saxon Sutton Hoo ship-burial, dates to approximately AD 620. Suffolk, England.

This sword is one of the many artifacts discovered in the Sutton Hoo ship-burial, which is thought to have belonged to one of four East Anglian kings: Eorpwald, Raedwald and co-regents Ecric, and Sigebert. The artifacts of this burial were chosen to reflect the high rank of the king, and to equip him for the Afterlife.

Courtesy & currently located at the British Museum, London. Photo taken by Völkerwanderer.

5

The Color of Beauty

According to a 2008 survey, the models in the New York Fashion Week were: 6% Black, 6% Asian, 1% Latina, 87% White.


The Colour of Beauty is a shocking short documentary that examines blatant racism in the fashion industry. Apparently, from the industry’s perspective, the black girls who are featured need to look exactly like white girls only that they are painted black.

Who’s Renee Thompson?

Renee Thompson is a 24 year old model trying to make it as a top fashion model in New York. She’s got the looks, the walk and the drive. She has been modeling for 10 years around the world and has experienced some degree of success but her dream is to hit the NY Fashion Week runway and become the next big thing. A dream that seems almost impossible at times as door after door gets slammed in her face, all because she’s black

Renee feels that she is constantly under scrutiny over something she can do nothing about. What’s even worse is the fact that clients expect the black models to be literally flawless– a higher standard than what is set for white models.(x)

anonymous asked:

What did Tina Fey say? I always thought she was okay...

Where the hell do I begin with Tina Fey?  In short: her whole shtick is that she’s a non-Anglo-Nordic, brown-haired, brown-eyed white woman and is SOOOO oppressed because of it.

Things that she’s said off the top of my head:

That she loves the idea of strippers and imitating them as a form of comedy, but women should aim higher in real life.

That for every refined, intelligent woman, there’s a skank with a bad boob job that she has to go up against because the world is full of whores.

I remember in Bossypants, she mentioned that it was hard to get action at UVA unless you were Martha Jefferson or Sally Hemings because the rape of black slaves by their masters is a great topic to center your joke around.  Reading that was when I realized that Tina Fey’s biggest personal conflict seems to be that she’s not “white” enough since she’s lacking the blonde, blue-eyed look, but not still not interesting enough to qualify as “exotic” like black, Asian, and Latin women.

Then the quote I referred to in my initial post about my dislike for Tina Fey:

“I think the first real change in women’s body image came when JLo turned it butt-style. That was the first time that having a large-scale situation in the back was part of mainstream American beauty. Girls wanted butts now. Men were free to admit that they had always enjoyed them. And then, what felt like moments later, boom — Beyoncé brought the leg meat. A back porch and thick muscular legs were now widely admired. And from that day forward, women embraced their diversity and realized that all shapes and sizes are beautiful.

Ah ha ha. No. I’m totally messing with you. All Beyoncé and JLo have done is add to the laundry list of attributes women must have to qualify as beautiful. Now every girl is expected to have Caucasian blue eyes, full Spanish lips, a classic button nose, hairless Asian skin with a California tan, a Jamaican dance hall ass, long Swedish legs, small Japanese feet, the abs of a lesbian gym owner, the hips of a nine-year-old boy, the arms of Michelle Obama, and doll tits. The person closest to actually achieving this look is Kim Kardashian, who, as we know, was made by Russian scientists to sabotage our athletes.”

This quote is also from Bossypants, and then it popped up again after the whole Kim Kardashian butt photo-shoot fiasco. 

This. Fucking. Quote. Though.

Let’s skip over the obvious that she’s reducing two WOC to punchlines in her “joke” about beauty standards.

I can’t speak to Beyonce and the beauty standards within the black community, but since I not only come from the same culture as J.Lo, but also from the same damn neighborhood in The Bronx, I can say that J.Lo’s body was not considered anything spectacular.  In fact, there are better examples of rear ends within the Latin community.  Rear ends was something we had always considered beautiful within our OWN community.  The struggle came when looking OUTSIDE of our community and trying to feel beautiful then when we were constantly told that a body shape that is common among our people is a vulgar trait. Then J.Lo made it big, and for once, we had a representation of ourselves out there in the big wide world of the American mainstream.

But how dare we feel beautiful at the expense of white women?, Tina Fey seems to be asking.  Look at how the appearance of non-white body types has affected our mainstream beauty standard for the worse!

The attributes Tina Fey mentions also happens to be attributes that have a history and a continuing reality of being fetishized by white men, and she seems to be blaming WOC through J.Lo and Beyonce for having these fetishized attributes instead of criticizing the fetishization itself of our bodies!  It’s almost like she thinks this fetishization benefits WOC over white women and is blaming us for complicating modern American beauty standards! 

And then to have white women on Tumblr reblogging this quote (it popped up several times on my dashboard) and applauding her for this—-UGH.

To recap: Tina Fey’s feminism lacks both WOC and imagination.  Boo and hiss to her.

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To me, Van Gogh is the finest painter of them all. Certainly the most popular great painter of all time. The most beloved, the command of color, the most magnificent. He transformed the pain of his tormented life into ecstatic beauty. Pain is easy to portray, but to use your passion and pain to portray the ecstasy and joy and magnificence of our world- no one had ever done it before. Perhaps no one ever will again. To my mind, that strange, wild man who roamed the fields of Provence was not only the world’s greatest artist but also one of the greatest men who ever lived.